T

n. to a ~ ('precisely') (you fit the role to a ~)

tab

I n. ['tabulator, device for setting a margin'] I. to set a ~

['bill'] (colloq.) (AE)

2. to pick up the ~ for (she picked up the ~ for everyone)

3. the ~ for

II v. (colloq.) (AE) 1. (d;tr.) ('to identify') to ~ as (she was

~bed as a leading contender)

2. (d; tr.) ('to designate') to ~ for (large sums were ~bed for

school construction)

tabernacle

n. to build a ~

table

n. ['piece of furniture'] 1. to lay (esp. BE), set (esp. AE) a

~

2. to clear a ~

3. a card; coffee; dining-room; dressing; drop-leaf; end;

folding; kitchen; night; operating; ping-pong; pool; tray;

writing ~

4. (AE) a training ~ (for members of a team)

5. around, round a ~ (to sit around a ~)

6. at the ~/at ~ (BE) ('while eating') (we never discuss

politics at the dinner ~) ['table for conducting discussions,

negotiations'] ['negotiating session']

7. a bargaining, conference, negotiating; round ~

8. at the ~ (at the negotiating ~) ['enumeration, list']

9. to compile, draw up a ~

10. a conversion; genealogy; mortality; multiplication; periodic

~

11. logarithmic ~s

12. in a ~ (to give data in ~s) ['level']

13. a water ~ ['misc.']

14. to turn the ~s on smb. ('to reverse the roles in a struggle

with smb.'); under the ~ ('illegally')

tablespoon

n. a heaping; level ~

tablet

n. ['pad'] 1. a writing ~ ['pill']

2. to take a ~

3. an aspirin ~

4. a scored ~ ['slab']

5. a bronze; clay; marble ~

taboo

n. 1. to break, violate a ~

2. a rigid ~

3. a ~ on

4. (to place smt.) under (a) ~

tabs

n. (colloq.) ['watch, surveillance'] to keep ~ on

tack

I n. ['short nail'] 1. a carpet; thumb (AE; BE has drawing pin)

~ ['direction of a sailing ship']

2. the port; starboard ~ ['course of action'] ['direction']

3. to change ~

4. (misc.) to go off on the wrong ~

II v. (d; tr.) ('to attach') to ~ onto, to

tackle

n. fishing ~

tact

n. 1. to display, exercise, show; have ~

2. considerable, great; subtle ~

3. the ~ to + int. (does she have the ~ to conduct the

negotiations?)

tactful

adj. ~ to + inf. (it was not ~ to mention that)

tactic

n. a scare ~ (see tactics)

tactics

n. 1. to devise; employ; use ~

2. bullying; delaying; diversionary; pressure; questionable;

roughhouse (AE); scarce smear; strong-arm; wily ~ (to employ

questionable ~)

3. (esp. AE) Madison Avenue ~ ('reliance on sophisticated

promotion, advertising')

4. salami ~ ('maneuvering by stages')

tactless

adj. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of him to speak like that)

taffy

n. (esp. AE) 1. to make; pull ~

2. saltwater

tag

I n. ['children's game'] to play ~

II n. ['label, marker'] 1. to put a ~ on smt.

2. a name; price ~

3. (AE) license ~s (on a car)

4. (AE) (mil.) dog (colloq.), identification ~s (BE has

identification disc) ['short phrase'] (ling.)

5. a question ~

III v. (colloq.) 1. (d; intr.) to ~ after ('to follow') (the

child ~ged after the others)

2. (d; tr.) ('to label') to ~ as (he was ~ged as a quitter)

3. (AE) (d; tr.) ('to fine') to ~ for (she was ~ged for going

through a red light)

tag along

v. 1. (D; intr.) to ~ behind (she would always ~ behind them)

2. (D; intr.) to ~ with

tag end

n. ['very end'] at the ~ (of smt.)

tail

n. ['rear appendage to an animal's body'] 1. to wag a ~

2. to dock ('shorten') a ~

3. a bushy ~

4. (misc.) to turn ~ ('to flee') ['person who conducts

surveillance'] (colloq.)

5. to put a ~ on smb.

tail end

n. ['very end'] at the ~ (of smt.)

tailor

I n. a custom; ladies'; men's ~

II v. (d; tr.) to ~ for; to (to ~ an insurance policy to the

needs of the insured)

tailor-made

adj. ~ for (~ for the assignment)

tailspin

n. to go into a ~

tainted

adj. ~ by, with

take

I n. (colloq.) ['reaction'] 1. a double ~ ('delayed reaction')

(to do a double ~) ['illegal payments']

2. on the ~ (they were all on the ~) ('they were all accepting

bribes')

II v. 1. to ~ (a matter) lightly; seriously

2. (A) ('to carry') she took a cup of tea to him; or: she took

him a cup of tea

3. (d; intr.) to ~ after ('to resemble') (he ~s after his

father)

4. (d; tr.) ('to construe') to ~ as (we took her gesture as a

sign of friendship; I took his remark as a compliment)

5. (d; tr.) ('to grasp') to ~ by (she took him by the hand)

6. (D; tr.) ('to lead, accompany') to ~ for (she took her

daughter for a walk; he took us for a ride)

7. (D; tr.) ('to obtain, secure') to ~ for (I took the book for

him)

8. (d; tr.) to ~ for ('to assume to be') (do you ~ me for a

fool?)

9. (D; tr.) ('to obtain'); ('to remove') to ~ from (he took the

book from her; I took the money from the safe)

10. (d; tr.) ('to subtract') to ~ from (~ five from ten)

11. (d; tr.) ('to carry') to ~ into (~ the chairs into the

house)

12. (d; tr.) to ~ into ('to bring into') (to ~ smb. into one's

confidence; they took the prisoner into custody)

13. (d; tr.) to ~ into ('to include') (to ~ smt. into

consideration; we took all the facts into account)

14. (d; tr.) ('to remove'); ('to deduct') to ~ off (I took the

books off the shelf; they took ten pounds off the bill)

15. (d; tr.) ('to carry') to ~ out of (~ the chairs out of the

house)

16. (d; intr.) to ~ to ('to like') (to ~ kindly to an offer; she

took to them at once)

17. (d; intr.) to ~ to ('to begin'); ('to engage in') (to ~ to

drink; she took to gambling at the casinos; he took to fishing

with great gusto)

18. (d; intr.) ('to go'); ('to have recourse') to ~ to (to ~ to

one's bed; to ~ to the streets; to ~ to the lifeboats; to ~ to

the air-waves)

19. (d; tr.) ('to lead, accompany, transport') to ~ to (to ~

smb. to dinner; she took us to the art museum; we took them to

the station)

20. (d; tr.) ('to carry') to ~ to (I took the books to the

library; she took the money to the bank)

21. (d; tr.) ('to move, transfer') to ~ to (they took the case

to the supreme court)

22. (D; tr.) ('to accept, bear') to ~ with (he took his

punishment with a smile; to ~ a remark with a grain of salt)

23. (M) ('to consider'); ('to accept') I took him to be a

friend; do you ~ this man to be your lawful wedded husband?

24. (0) ('to require') the job took us two hours

25. (0) ('to seize') we took him prisoner; to ~ smb. hostage

26. (R) ('to demand, require') it sometimes ~s courage to tell

the truth

27. (misc.) she took it on herself to break the news; to ~ five

(esp. AE; colloq.) ('to have a five minute break'); they took

the law into their own hands ('they dispensed justice without a

trial'); to ~ smb. to court ('to sue smb.'); to ~ smb. under

one's wing ('to protect and help smb.'); to ~ to one's heels

('to flee'); to ~ by storm ('to overwhelm completely'); to ~ by

surprise ('to surprise'); to ~ smt. lying down ('to accept a

defeat without protest'); to ~ smt. for granted (see granted)

take away

v. (D; tr.) ('to remove') to ~ from (she took the scissors away

from the child)

take back

v. 1. (D; tr.) ('to accept') to ~ from (they took the furniture

back from the customer)

2. (D; tr.) ('to return') to ~ to (she took the book back to the

library)

takedown

v. (D; tr.) ('to write down') to ~ in (to ~ testimony down in

shorthand)

take in

v. (D; tr.) ('to accept') to ~ as (we took her in as a partner)

taken

adj. ['impressed'] ['infatuated'] ~ with (he was very much ~

with her)

takeoff

n. (colloq.) ['parody'] to do a ~ of (esp. BE), on

take off

v. 1. (colloq.) (D; intr.) ('to leave') to ~ for (they took off

for town)

2. (D; intr.) ('to begin flight') to ~ from (we took off from a

small landing strip)

take out

v. 1. (d; tr.) to ~ on (don't ~ your anger out on me)

2. (misc.) to ~ it out on smb. ('to make smb. else suffer for

one's own problem')

takeover

I n. 1. a hostile ~ (of a firm)

2. (misc.) a ~ bid

II v. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ from (the new government has taken

over from the outgoing government; we will ~ power from them)

take to

v. (F) ('to resort to') they took to accepting bribes

take up

v. 1. (d; tr.) to ~ on ('to accept, adopt') (he took me up on my

offer)

2. (d; intr.) to ~ with ('to join') (he took up with a rough

crowd)

taking

n. for the ~ (it's there for the ~ ) ('it can be taken by anyone

who wants it')

tale

n. 1. to concoct, make up a ~

2. to narrate, tell a ~

3. an absorbing, exciting, fascinating, gripping; fanciful;

grizzly; hair-raising, harrowing, shocking ~

4. a fairy; folk ~

5. a tall ('unbelievable') ~6. (misc.) to tell ~s out of school

('to reveal secrets')

talent

n. 1. to demonstrate, display, show (a) ~

2. to cultivate, develop a ~

3. to squander one's ~(s)

4. (a) mediocre; outstanding ~

5. (a) natural ~

6. the ~ to + inf. (she has the ~ to go far)

7. (a) ~ for (a ~ for painting)

8. of ~ (a person of considerable ~)

talented

adj. ~ at, in

talk

I n. ['address, lecture'] 1. to give a ~

2. a pep; sales ~

3. a ~ about, on (she gave an interesting ~ on bringing up

children) ['conversation'] ['chatter']

4. to have a ~ (with)

5. blunt, plain; idle, small; loose; table ~

6. a long ~ (she had a long ~ with him about his work)

7. sweet ~ ('flattery')

8. double, fast ~ ('deception')

9. a heart-to-heart ('frank') ~

10. straight ('frank') ~

11. (colloq.) big ~ ('boasting')

12. ~ about, of; with (there is ~ of her resigning)

13. ~ that + clause (there is ~ that there will be a strike)

['type of speech']

14. baby ~ (to use baby ~)

II v. 1. to ~ bluntly, candidly, frankly, freely; loud, loudly;

openly

2. (D; intr.) to ~ about, of, on (they were ~ing about the

elections; she was ~ing of her trip; to ~ on a topic)

3. (d; tr.) to ~ into ('to persuade') (to ~ smb. into doing

smt.)

4. (d; tr.) to ~ out of ('to dissuade') (to ~ smb. out of doing

smt.)

5. (d; intr.) ('to speak') to ~ to, with (esp. AE) (I will ~ to

them about this problem)

6. (misc.) to ~ big ('to boast'); to ~ oneself hoarse

talk back

v. (D; intr.) to ~ to (to ~ to one's boss)

talk down

v. (d; intr.) to ~ to (to ~ to the audience)

talker

n. (colloq.) a fast, smooth ~ ('one who speaks glibly, in a

deceptive manner')

talking

n. to do the ~ (she did all the ~)

talking-to

n. (colloq.) ['scolding'] to give smb. a (good)~

talk over

v. (D; tr.) ('to discuss') to ~ with (we ~ed it over with them)

talks

n. ['negotiations'] 1. to conduct, hold ~ about

2. to break off ~

3. contract; exploratory; formal; high ~ level; informal; peace;

top ~ level ~

4. ~ about; with (~ about smt.; ~ with smb.)

tall

adj. to stand ~ (esp. AE; colloq.) ('to be resolute')

tally

I n. to make a ~

II v. (D; intr.) ('to correspond') to ~ with

tambourine

n. to play (on) the ~

tamper

v. (d; intr.) to ~ with (to ~ with a lock; one should not ~ with

a jury)

tampon

n. to insert a ~

tan

I n. to get a ~

II v. (intr.) to ~ easily, readily

tandem

n. in ~

tangent

I adj. ~ to (~ to a circle)

II n. ['digression'] to go off at, go off on a ~

tangential

adj. (formal) ['incidental'] ~ to

tangle

I n. to unravel a ~

II v. (colloq.) (d; intr.) ('to quarrel') to ~ over; with (don't

~ with him)

tango

n. to dance, do the ~

tank

n. ['armored combat vehicle'] 1. to drive a ~ ['receptacle,

container']

2. a fish; gas (AE), gasoline (AE), petrol (BE); oil; oxygen;

septic; water ~ ['prison'] (slang) (esp. AE)

3. in the ~ ['misc.']

4. a think ~ ('a group of thinkers, planners')

tanker

n. an oil ~

tantamount

adj. (cannot stand alone) ~ to

tantrum

n. 1. to have, throw a ~

2. a temper ~ (he threw a temper ~)

tap

I n. 1. on ~ ('ready to be drawn') (beer on ~)

2. on ~ ('available'); ('imminent') (what's on ~ for tonight?)

3. see faucet

II v. 1. (d; tr.) ('to ask') to ~ for (to ~ smb. for information)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ on ('to strike lightly') (to ~ smb. on the

shoulder)

tape

n. ['narrow strip of material'] 1. adhesive, sticky (BE);

friction; magnetic; masking; measuring; name; ticker ~ ['string

stretched across the track at the end of a race']

2. to reach the ~ (both runners reached the ~ together) ['tape

recording']

3. to make a ~

4. to play, put on; play back a ~

5. to rewind; wind a ~

6. to erase a ~ (see also red tape)

taper

v. (d; intr., tr.) to ~ to(~ed to a point)

tape recorder

n. 1. to start; turn on a ~

2. to operate, play a ~

3. to stop; turn off a ~

4. a cassette; reel-to-reel ~

tape recording

n. 1. to make a ~

2. to play, play back a ~

tapestry

n. 1. to weave a ~

2. (misc.) (BE) life's rich ~

taps

n. ['signal played on a bugle'] 1. to play. sound ~

2. at ~ (lights go out at ~)

tar

n. coal~

tardiness

n. ~ in

target

I n. 1. to aim at; hit; shoot at a ~

2. to track a ~

3. to miss; overshoot a ~

4. a civilian; military; moving; stationary ~

5. off ~ ('not accurate')

6. on ~ ('accurate')

7. (misc.) to use smt. as a ~

II v. (d;tr.) to ~ as (he was ~ed as the next victim)

target practice

n. to conduct ~

tariff

n. 1. to impose, levy a ~

2. to pay a ~

3. a protective ~

4. a ~ on (a stiff ~ was imposed on tobacco products)

tarpaulin

n. to spread a ~

tarry

v. to ~ long

task

n. 1. to carry out, do, fulfill, perform; cope with; take on,

undertake a ~

2. to assign smb. a ~

3. a delicate, ticklish; difficult; fruitless, hopeless;

Herculean, monumental; irksome; menial; onerous; pleasant;

unpleasant; unwelcome; welcome ~

4. (misc.) to take smb. to ~ for smt. ('to criticize smb. for

smt.')

taskmaster

n. a hard, rigid, severe, stern ~

taste

I n. ['appreciation'] ['sense of what is proper'] 1. to

acquire, cultivate, develop a ~

2. to demonstrate, display, show (a) ~

3. (an) acquired; artistic; bad; discriminating; elegant,

excellent, exquisite; good ~ (it is bad ~ to ignore an

invitation to a wedding)

4. a ~ for (to develop a ~ for music)

5. ~ in (they showed good ~ in planning the decor; excellent ~

in music)

6. in (a certain) ~ (everything was done in good ~)

7. (misc.) ~s differ; a sense of ~ ['sensation obtained from

tasting, eating'] (also fig.)

8. to leave a ~ (the fruit left a pleasant ~ in my mouth; the

whole affair left a bitter ~ in my mouth)

9. to spoil the ~

10. a bad, foul; bitter; mild; nice. pleasant, sweet; sour;

strong ~

11. (misc.) the sense of ~ ['small amount tasted']

12. to have, take (esp. AE) a ~ (of)

13. to give smb. a ~ of smt. (often fig.) (they gave him a ~ of

his own medicine)

II v. 1. (d; intr.) to ~ of (the food ~s of garlic)

2. (s) the food ~s good

taster

n. a wine ~

tattle

v. (colloq.) (D; intr.) ('to inform') to ~ on

taunt

I n. to hurl a ~ at smb.

II v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ about

2. (d; tr.) to ~ into (to ~ smb. into doing smt.)

tax

I n. 1. to impose, levy, put a ~ on

2. to collect a ~ from

3. to pay a ~ (to pay a ~ on a new car; to pay a large sum in

~es; to pay a ~ to the government)

4. to increase, raise ~es

5. to cut, lower, reduce ~es

6. to rescind, revoke a ~

7. an amusement; capital gains; cigarette; death (AE),

inheritance (BE has death duty); direct; estate; excess-profits;

excise; federal (AE); gasoline (AE), petrol (BE); gift; income;

indirect; liquor; local; negative income; nuisance; personal-

property; poll; property; real-estate; sales; state (US);

transfer; value-added; windfall-profits (US); withholding (esp.

AE; BE has PAYE) ~

8. a flat; graduated, progressive ~

9. a ~ on (a ~ on cigarettes)

10. delinquent ~es

11. (misc.) ~ evasion; a ~ haven ~; a ~ shelter; ~ relief

II v. (formal) (d; tr.) ('to accuse') to ~ with (to ~ smb. with a

crime)

taxi

n. 1. to take a ~

2. to hire a ~

3. (misc.) to go somewhere by ~

tax return

n. to file, submit a ~

tea

n. ['plant'] 1. to grow ~ ['beverage']

2. to brew, make; steep ~

3. to drink, have ~

4. strong; weak ~

5. decaffeinated; herbal; hot; iced; mint; scented ~

6. (BE) high ~ ('early evening meal')

7. (BE) morning ~

8. a cup; glass of ~ (bring us two cups of ~; or: bring us two

~s) USAGE NOTE: In Britain, tea can also mean'a meal where tea

is served'. High tea includes substantial food.

teach

v. 1. (A) she taught history to us; or: she taught us history

2. (H) she taught them to swim

3. (L; may have an object) he taught (us) that the best policy

is to tell the truth

4. (Q) she taught me how to drive

teacher

n. 1. to certify; license; train a ~

2. an exchange; practice, student ~

3. (BE) a supply ~ (AE has substitute)

4. a ~ of (a ~ of English)

teaching

n. 1. practice, student ~

2. team ~

3. health ~

4. (misc.) to go into ~

teakettle

n. 1. to put the ~ on

2. a ~ whistles

team

n. 1. to field; organize a ~

2. to coach; manage a ~

3. to disband, split up a ~

4. a home; opposing, rival; visiting ~

5. a baseball; basketball; cricket; drill; football; soccer;

track, track-and-field; volleyball ~

6. (Am. professional football) a wild-card ~

7. (mil.) a combat ~

8. a negotiating ~

9. (misc.) (AE) to make a ~ ('to succeed in becoming a member of

a team') USAGE NOTE: AE uses team more often than BE--Chicago

has fielded a strong team for today's game; Chicago is the

strongest team in the league. BE prefers side when referring to

a competitive match--Liverpool have fielded a strong side for

today's match. BE often uses club when referring to a team in

general--Liverpool is the strongest club in the First Division.

A player can be on a team, in/on a side. In references to

international competition, team is standard in BE--the England

team in the World Cup.

team up

v. (D; intr.) to ~ against; with (we ~ed up with them against our

common enemy)

teapot

n. a storm (BE), tempest (AE) in a ~ ('a fuss over nothing')

tear

I /tiy(r)/ n. ['drop of the fluid secreted by the lacrimal

gland'] 1. to shed a ~

2. to weep (bitter) ~s 3 bitter ~s

4. ~s flowed, rolled, streamed down their cheeks

5. ~s welled up in my eyes

6. (misc.) crocodile ('false') ~s; to be in ~s over smt.; to

break into ~s; eyes fill with ~s; bored to

II /tey(r)/ n. ['rip'] 1. to make a ~

2. to mend a ~

III v. 1. (d; intr.) to ~ at (to ~ at the bandages)

2. (d; tr.) to ~ from, out of (she tore several pages out of

the book)

3. (d; intr.) to ~ into ('to attack verbally') (he tore into his

opponent)

4. (D; tr.) to ~ into, to (she tore the paper into/to pieces; to

~ an argument to shreds)

5. (d; tr.) to ~ off (she tore a button off the coat)

tear away

v. (D;refl.,tr.) to ~ from (she couldn't ~ herself away from the

book)

tease

v. 1. (D;tr.) to ~ about (they ~d her about her new hairdo)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ into (to ~ smb. into doing smt.)

teaspoon

n. a heaping; level ~

teatime

n. 1. at ~

2. past ~

technicality

n. on a ~ (we lost the case on a ~)

technician

n. a dental; lab, laboratory; medical; radar; television, TV ~

Technicolor

n. (T) in ~

technique

n. 1. to acquire, develop, work out; perfect a ~

2. to apply a ~

3. an acting; dance ~

4. relaxation ~s

technology

n. 1. to create, develop (a) ~

2. to apply, employ ~

3. to export, transfer ~ (to developing countries)

4. high ~ (also high tech)

5. state-of-the-art ~

teed off

adj. (colloq.) (AE) ['angry'] ~ about at

teem

v. (d; intr.) to ~ with ('to be full of) (the river was ~ing

with fish)

teens

n. in one's ~ (they are still m their ~)

teeth

see tooth

telegram

n. 1. to send a ~

2. to get, receive a ~3. a ~ from; to (a ~ from London to

Glasgow)

telegraph

v. 1. (A) they ~ed the information to us; or: they ~ed us the

information

2. (H; no passive) they ~ed us to leave immediately

3. (L; may have an object) she ~ed (us) that the manuscript had

been received

4. (Q; may have an object) they ~ed (us) where we should meet

telepathy

n. mental ~

telephone

I n. 1. to hook up, install a ~

2. to answer a ~

3. to tap a ~

4. to disconnect a ~

5. a cordless; dial; pay, public ~

6. a ~ rings

7. by ~; on, over the ~ (she spoke to him by ~; I enjoyed our

chat on/over the ~; to speak on/over the ~; he is always on the

~)

8. (misc.) to be wanted on the ~; to call smb. to the ~

II v. 1. (B) they ~d the message to us 2 (H; no passive) she ~d

us to return home

3. (L; may have an object) he ~d (us) that he would be late

4. (Q; may have an object) I ~d (them) when to come

telephone call

n. see call 1, 12-17

telephone receiver

n. see receiver 1-2

telescope

n. 1. to focus a ~ on

2. a reflecting; refracting ~

television

n. 1. to put on, turn on the ~

2. to watch ~

3. to turn off the ~

4. black-and-white; color ~

5. cable, pay; closed-circuit; educational; local; national;

peak-viewing-time (BE), prime-time (esp. AE); public ~

6. on ~ (I saw her on ~)

television set

n. 1. to put on, turn on a ~

2. to turn off a ~

tell

v. 1. (A; usu. without to) ('to relate') she told the news to

everyone; or: she told everyone the news; he told me his name;

she told them a story; ~ me the truth

2. (D; intr.) ('to be certain') to ~ about (you can never ~

about people like that)

3. (d; intr., tr.) ('to inform') to ~ about, of (he didn't want

to ~ about the incident; ~ me about the game; she told everyone

of her success)

4. (d; tr.) ('to ascertain') to ~ from (can you ~ anything from

a quick examination?)

5. (d; tr.) to ~ from ('to differentiate') (can you ~ one twin

from another?)

6. (colloq.) (d; intr., tr.) to ~ of (BE), on ('to inform on')

(he told on her when the teacher returned; I'm going to ~ my

father on you)

7. (D; intr.) to ~ on ('to affect') (the strain was beginning to

~ on her)

8. (H) ('to order') she told me to leave

9. (L; must have an object) ('to inform') we told them that we

would be late

10. (Q; must have an object) ('to inform') ~ me how to get there

11. (Q) ('to ascertain') can you ~ from a quick examination

where his injuries are?

teller

n. (AE) a bank ~ (BE has cashier)

telling

n. ['certainty'] there is no ~ what will happen

temerity

n. the ~ to + int. (he had the ~ to file a grievance)

temper

n. 1. to control, keep one's ~

2. to lose one's ~

3. a bad, explosive, hot, nasty, quick, uncontrollable,

ungovernable, violent ~

4. a calm, even ~

5. ~s flare (up)

6. a display, fit of ~ (she said that in a fit of ~)

temperament

n. an artistic; poetic ~

temperance

n. ~ in

temperate

adj. ~ in

temperature

n. ['degree of heat or cold'] 1. to take smb.'s ~

2. a high; low; normal ~

3. (smb.'s) body ~

4. room ~ (at room ~)

5. a ~ drops, falls; goes down

6. a ~ goes up, rises

7. a ~ remains steady

8. at a (certain) ~ (water boils at a certain ~) ['excess over

normal body heat']

9. to have, run a ~

10. a high; slight ~

tempo

n. 1. to increase, step up the ~

2. to slow down the ~

tempt

v. 1. (D;tr.) to ~ into (to ~ smb. into doing smt.)

2. (H) to ~ smb. to do smt.

temptation

n. 1. to overcome, resist ~

2. to be exposed to, face ~

3. to succumb to ~

4. to place, put ~ in smb.'s way

5. irresistible, strong ~

tenacity

n. 1. to demonstrate, display, show ~

2. bulldog; great ~ (to demonstrate great ~)

3. the ~ to + inf. (she had the ~ to finish the job)

tend

v. 1. (AE) (d; intr.) to ~ to (to ~ to one's own business) (CE

has attend to)

2. (d; intr.) to ~ towards

3. (E) he ~s to exaggerate

tendency

n. 1. to demonstrate, display, show a ~

2. a growing; pronounced; strong; universal ~

3. homicidal; uicidal; vicious ~cies (for years he has

displayed suicidal ~cies)

4. a ~ towards

5. a ~ to + inf. (she has a ~ to exaggerate)

tender

I adj. ~ to, towards, with

II n. ['offer, bid'] (esp. BE) 1. to make, put in, send in,

submit a ~

2. to invite ~s3. a ~ for ['currency']

4. legal ~

III v. 1. (B) ('to offer') she ~ed her resignation to the

government

2. (BE) (d; intr.) to ~ for ('to bid on') (to ~ for the

construction of a new motorway)

tenderness

n. ['kindness, care'] 1. to show ~

2. ~ towards

tendon

n. 1. to pull a ~

2. an Achilles' ~

tenet

n. 1. a basic, fundamental ~

2. a ~ that + clause (our basic ~ is that all people are equal)

3. (misc.) to embrace the ~s of a new philosophy

tennis

n. 1. to play ~

2. lawn; paddle; table ~

3. (misc.) a ~ match; a game of ~ (let's play a game of ~; she

won the first game and went on to win the set and match)

tennis racket

n. to restring; string a ~

tenor

n. to sing ~

tenpins

n. to play ~

tense

I adj. ~ with (~ with anxiety)

II n. (grammar) the future; future perfect; past; past perfect;

present; progressive ~

tension

n. ['strained relations'] ['strain'] 1. to cause, create ~

2. to heighten, increase ~

3. to alleviate, ease, lessen, relieve ~ (to alleviate/ease ~

between the superpowers)

4. acute; mounting ~

5. arterial; international; nervous; premenstrual; racial ~

6. ~ builds up, mounts

7. ~ eases, subsides

8. ~ between ['tautness']

9. fan-belt ~ ['voltage']

10. high; low ~

tent

n. 1. to erect, pitch, put up a ~

2. to dismantle, take down a ~

3. a circus; pup; pyramidal; wall ~

4. a croup; oxygen ~

tenterhooks

n. on ~ ('in suspense')

tenure

n. ['permanence of employment as a teacher'] 1. to give, grant

~

2. to acquire, get, receive ~

3. academic ~

term

I n. ['expression, word'] 1. abstract; bold; clear;

flattering; general; glowing; vague ~s (she described him in

glowing ~s)

2. a general; generic; legal; technical ~

3. in ~s (to speak in general ~s)

4. (misc.) a contradiction in ~s ['period of time served']

5. to serve a ~ (in office)

6. an unexpired ~

7. a ~ expires, runs out

8. a jail, prison ~ ['division of a school year']

9. the autumn (BE), fall (AE); spring; summer ~

10. at the end of a/of (BE) ~ ['time at which a normal

pregnancy terminates']

11. to have a baby at ~ (see also terms)

II v. ['formal'] (N; used with a noun) ('to call') by what

right does he ~ himself an artist?

terminal

n. ['point on an electric circuit'] 1. a negative; positive ~

['device by which information enters or leaves a computer']

2. a computer ~; a Visual Display Terminal = VDT (AE; BE has

Visual Display Unit = VDU) ['passenger, freight station']

3. an airline; bus; freight; shipping; trucking ~

4. at a ~ (let's meet at the bus ~)

termination

n. ['cessation of employment'] voluntary ~

terminology

n. 1. to codify, create, establish, standardize (a) ~

2. basic; legal; scientific; technical ~

terms

n. ['conditions, provisions'] 1. to dictate; set; state;

stipulate ~

2. easy; favorable ~

3. surrender ~ (to stipulate surrender ~ to an enemy)

4. by the ~ (of an agreement)

5. on certain ~ (on one's own ~s; on our ~)

6. under (the) ~ of the agreement ['agreement']

7. to come to ~ with smb. ['relationship'] ['footing']

8. equal, even; familiar, intimate; speaking; unequal ~

9. on certain ~ with (to be on speaking ~ with smb.; to

negotiate with smb. on equal ~)

terrace

n. from; on a ~

terrain

n. harsh, rough; hilly; mountainous; smooth ~

terrible

adj. 1. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ to work there = it was ~ working

there)

2. ~ that + clause (it is ~ that she lost her wallet; I feel ~

that you cannot accept our invitation)

terrified

adj. 1. ~ by, of

2. ~ that + clause (we are ~ that there may be another

earthquake)

terrify

v. (R) it ~fied me to contemplate the consequences of your

actions; it ~ies us that there may be another earthquake

terrifying

adj. 1. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ to watch)

2. ~ that + clause (it's ~ that there are so many drunk drivers

on the road)

territory

n. 1. to annex; occupy ~

2. to cede ~

3. a neutral; trust ~

4. (an) occupied; unoccupied ~

5. unexplored ~

6. (misc.) to reconnoiter enemy

terror

n. 1. to employ, engage in, resort to, sow, unleash ~

2. to inspire ~; to strike ~ into (to strike ~ into the hearts

of people)

3. sheer, stark ~

4. (colloq.) a holy ~

5. in ~ (to live in ~ of smt.)

6. (misc.) a campaign, reign of ~

terrorism

n. 1. indiscriminate; state; urban ~

2. an act of ~

3. see terror 1

terrorist

n. an armed; urban ~

terrorize

v. (D; tr.) to ~ into

test

I n. ['examination, set of questions'] 1. to administer,

conduct, give a ~

2. to draw up, make up, set (BE) a ~

3. to take a ~

4. to fail; pass a ~

5. a demanding, difficult; easy ~

6. an achievement; aptitude; intelligence; loyalty (esp. AE);

placement; proficiency ~

7. a completion; free-association; lie-detector; multiple-

choice; objective; true-and-false ~

8. a competency; means ~

9. a ~ in, on (a ~ in mathematics; a ~ on new material)

['trial, experiment'] ['examination']

10. to carry out, conduct, do, run a ~

11. exhaustive, extensive, thorough ~s

12. an acid, demanding, exacting, severe ~

13. a blood; diagnostic; endurance; laboratory; litmus; means;

nuclear; paraffin; Pap; patch; paternity; personality;

psychological; road; saliva; screen; skin; tuberculin ~

14. a ~ for (to do a skin ~ for tuberculosis)

15. a ~ on (they conducted a series of ~s on me at the health

center)

16. (misc.) to stand the ~ of time; the ~ turned out to be

positive; to put smb. to the ~

II v. 1. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ for (to ~ for excessive air

pollution; to ~ the urine for sugar)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ in (we ~ed them in English)

3. (P; intr.) some of our students ~ed in the top percentile

4. (esp. AE) (s) some students ~ high, others low

testament

n. 1. the New; Old Testament

2. a ~ to

3. (misc.) smb.'s last will and ~

test flight

n. to conduct a ~

testicle

n. an undescended ~

testify

v. 1. (D; intr.) to ~ about (to ~ about a case)

2. (D; intr.) to ~ against; for, on behalf of (to ~ for the

plaintiff)

3. (d; intr.) to ~ to (the results ~ to the quality of their

work)

4. (L) he ~fied that he had not seen the accident

5. (misc.) to ~ under oath

testimonial

n. 1. to give, offer a ~

2. an eloquent ~

3. a ~ to (a ~ to smb.'s accomplishments)

testimony

n. 1. to give, offer ~

2. to cite ~

3. to recant, repudiate, retract (one's) ~

4. to contradict, discount, refute ~

5. false, perjured; reliable ~

6. ~ about

7. ~ against; for, on behalf of (she gave ~ against the

plaintiff)

8. ~ that + clause (nothing could refute her ~ that the driver

was drunk)

tetanus

n. to develop ~

text

n. 1. to set a ~ (in type)

2. to annotate a ~

3. an annotated ~ (see also textbook)

textbook

n. 1. an introductory ~

2. a ~ of, on (a ~ on advanced grammar)

texture

n. rough; smooth ~

thank

v. 1. to ~ profusely; sincerely

2. (D; tr.) to ~ for (she ~ed me profusely for my help)

3. (colloq.) (H; no passive) I'll ~ you to make less noise in

the future

thankful

adj. 1. ~ for; to

2. ~ to + inf. (~ to be alive)

3. ~ that + clause (we were ~ that you offered to help)

thanks

n. 1. to express; give one's ~; to say ~

2. to accept smb.'s ~

3. one's heartfelt, sincere, warm ~

4. ~ for; to

5. (misc.) many ~; ~ a lot; I finished the whole job on time,

no ~ to you; we completed the work on time, ~ to your help

that

pronoun 1. at ~ ('in addition') (she was a thief and a clever

one at ~)

2. (misc.) take ~! ('I'm going to punch you!')

thaw

n. 1. the spring ~

2. a ~ sets in (also fig.)

theater, theatre

n. ['building in which plays are performed or films shown'] 1.

to crowd, jam, pack a ~

2. an art; dinner (esp. AE); movie (AE; BE has cinema); open-

air; repertory ~

3. at the ~ (we were at the ~ last night) ['theatrical

profession']

4. the legitimate ~

5. in the ~ (she was well thought of in the ~) ['room equipped

for surgical operations'] (BE)

6. an operating theatre

theft

n. 1. to commit (a) ~; to practice ~

2. petty ~

3. a ~ from (a daring ~ from a museum)

theme

n. 1. a basic; contemporary; dominant ~

2. a ~ for (a ~ for discussion)

theorem

n. 1. to deduce, formulate a ~

2. to prove; test a ~

3. a binomial ~

theorize

v. 1. (D; intr.) to ~ about

2. (L) the police ~d that the burglar had entered through a

window

theory

n. 1. to formulate a ~

2. to advance, advocate, present, propose, suggest a ~

3. to confirm; develop; test a ~

4. to disprove, explode, refute a ~

5. a pet; scientific ~

6. game; information; number; political; quantum; systems ~

7. the big bang; steady state ~

8. the germ ~ (of disease)

9. a ~ evolves; holds up

10. a ~ that (she has a ~ that drinking milk prevents colds)

11. in ~ (in ~ their plan makes sense)

12. on a ~ (they proceeded on the ~ that the supplies would

arrive on time)

13. (misc.) the ~ of relativity; to combine ~ and practice

therapist

n. an occupational; physical ~; psychotherapist; speech ~

therapy

n. 1. to employ, use ~

2. art; dance; electro-convulsive (BE), electro-shock (AE);

group; inhalation; music; occupational; physical; radiation, X-

ray; recreational; shock; speech ~

3. ~ for

4. in ~ (she was in ~)

there

adv. over ~

thermometer

n. 1. a clinical; meat; oral; oven; rectal ~

2. a ~ shows a temperature

thermostat

n. 1. to set a ~

2. to calibrate a ~

thesis

n. ['research paper'] 1. to write a ~

2. a doctoral, Ph.D.; master's ~ ['proposition,

hypothesis']

3. to advance, propose; test a ~

4. to challenge; refute a ~

5. a ~ about, on

6. a ~ that + clause (these developments disprove their ~ that

high taxes stifle investment) (see the Usage Note for

dissertation)

thick

I adj. (misc.) as ~ as thieves ('very closely allied'); to lay

it on ~ ('to exaggerate')

II n. ['most intense part'] in the ~ (of the battle)

thick and thin

n. ['all difficulties'] through ~ (to remain friends through

~)

thief

n. a common, petty; sneak ~

thing

n. ['deed'] ['event'] 1. to do a ~ (she did a nice ~ when

she offered to help; to do great ~s; to do the right ~)

2. a bad; difficult; easy; good; mean; nasty; nice; sensible;

strange; stupid; terrible ~; the right; wrong ~

3. a ~ to + inf. (it was an easy ~ to do; it was the wrong ~ to

do) ['object']

4. to use a ~ for (don't use this ~ for removing paint)

['facts, details']

5. to get a ~ out of smb. (I couldn't get a ~ out of her)

6. to know a ~ about (he doesn't know a ~ about music); to know

a ~ or two ('to know quite a bit') ['fact, point'] (colloq.)

7. the ~ is that + clause (the ~ is that I still have a great

deal of work to do; the other ~ is that I really don't want to

go) ['article of clothing']

8. not to have a ~ to wear (I don't have a ~ to wear)

9. to put on; take off one's ~s ['possessions, effects']

10. to pack one's ~s ['step']

11. the first; next ~ (the next ~ is to submit your

application) ['person of a certain type']

12. a pretty; poor ~ (a pretty little thing; you poor thing)

['thought, idea']

13. to say the right ~ ['matters'] (used in the plural)

14. to even ~s up

15. to see ~s (as they are)

16. (misc.) all ~s considered ('with everything taken into

account'); ~s don't look good; ~s are looking up for us; how do

~s stand? how are ~s? ['utensils']

17. to clear the (breakfast) ~s away 'individual']

18. a living ~ (there wasn't a living ~ in sight) ['fear']

['obsession'] (colloq.)

19. a ~ about (she has a ~ about flying) ['misc.']

20. to do one's ~ ('to do what one feels competent or motivated

to do'); any old ~ ('anything at all'); a sure ~ ('smt. that is

certain to succeed'); of all ~s ('most surprisingly'); to tell

smb. a ~ or two ('to tell smb. frankly what one thinks')

think

I n. (colloq.) (BE) to have a ~ about

II v. 1. to ~ aloud; clearly; hard (I thought hard and finally

remembered the name)

2. (D; intr.) ('to reflect') to ~ about, of (I was ~ing about

you; to ~ of the past)

3. (d; intr.) ('to be concerned') to ~ about, of (I was only

~ing of your welfare when I declined the offer)

4. (d; intr.) to ~ of ('to have an opinion of) (what do you ~

of this proposal?)

5. (d; intr.) to ~ of ('to consider; to intend') (she never

thought of telephoning; to ~ of resigning)

6. (E) ('to remember') (she never thought to call)

7. (L) ('to anticipate') we thought that it would rain

8. (L) ('to believe') I ~ that he is a fool

9. (M; used in the passive) ('to consider') he is thought to be

irreplaceable

10. (N; used with an adjective) ('to consider') many people ~

her charming

11. (misc.) I thought to myself that it would be nice to have

some hot soup; he doesn't ~ of himself as a politician; to ~

better of doing smt. ('to change one's mind about doing smt.')

think about

v. (J and K) ('to direct one's thoughts to') I thought about

you/your working out there in the hot sun

think ahead

v. (D; intr.) ('to direct one's thoughts ahead') to ~ to (to ~

to the future)

think back

v. (D; intr.) ('to direct one's thoughts back') to ~ on, to (to

~ to the old days)

thinker

n. a clear; great; logical; muddled; original ~

thinking

n. clear; good; muddled; original; positive; quick; wishful ~

thinking cap

n. (old-fashioned) to put on one's ~ ('to ponder a problem')

thinner

n. paint ~

third degree

n. (colloq.) ['brutal, harsh interrogation'] to give smb. the

~

thirst

I n. 1. to experience ~; more usu. is: to be thirsty

2. to quench, slake one's ~

3. unquenchable; unquenched ~

4. a ~ for (a ~ for knowledge)

II v. (d; intr.) to ~ for (to ~ for knowledge)

thorn

n. 1. to remove a ~ (from one's finger)

2. (misc.) a ~ in one's side ('a source of irritation')

thorough

adj. ~ in

thoroughfare

n. a busy, crowded ~

thought

n. ['reflection'] 1. to entertain, harbor, have; relish a ~

(to harbor ~s of revenge)

2. to express, present a ~

3. to gather; sum up one's ~s

4. an evil; fleeting, passing; happy; intriguing; refreshing;

sober, sobering; ugly; upsetting ~

5. the ~ struck me that...

6. a ~ about, on (what are your ~s on this matter?)

7. a ~ that + clause (the ~ that we would soon reach home gave

us courage)

8. at a ~ (my mind boggles at the very ~)

9. in one's ~s (she was always in my ~s)

10. (misc.) that ~ has crossed my mind; to read smb.'s ~s; a

train of ~; in ~ and deed ['consideration']

11. to give ~ to

12. to abandon, give up all ~s (of doing smt.)

13. (misc.) perish the ~! ('one should not even consider the

possibility!') ['ideas, principles']

14. liberal; logical; modern ~ ['opinion']

15. to express a ~

16. a ~ about, on

17. a ~ that + clause (she expressed her ~ that the case should

be settled without litigation) ['concentration')

18. (deep) in ~ ['intention']

19. to have no ~ (of doing smt.)

thoughtful

adj. 1. ~ about

2. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of her to do that)

thoughtless

adj. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of them to make noise)

thousand

n. by, in the ~s (the crowd streamed into the stadium by the ~s)

thrall

n. (formal) ['slavery'] in ~ to

thrash

v. to ~ soundly

thrashing

n. a sound ~

thread

I n. ['fiber, cord'] 1. to make, spin; wind ~

2. coarse; fine; heavy; thin ~

3. cotton; lisle; nylon; polyester; rayon; silk ~

4. a reel (BE), spool (AE) of ~

5. (misc.) to hang by a ~ ('to be very uncertain') ['theme']

['train of thought']

6. to lose the ~ (of an argument)

7. the common ~ (of a story)

8. a tenuous ~

II v. (C) ~ a needle for me; or: ~ me a needle

threat

n. 1. to issue, make, utter a ~

2. to carry out, fulfill a ~

3. to be, constitute, pose a ~

4. a covert; dire, grave, serious; direct; empty, idle;

explicit; imminent; implicit; terroristic; veiled ~

5. a security ~

6. a ~ to (to constitute a ~ to the party leadership)

7. a ~ to + inf. (she carried out her ~ to resign)

8. a ~ that + clause (she carried out her ~ that she would

resign)

9. under ~ of (under ~ of reprisals)

threaten

v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ with (to ~ smb. with reprisals)

2. (E) she ~ed to resign

threshold

n. ['entrance'] 1. (also fig.) to cross a ~

2. (also fig.) on the ~ (to be on the ~ of a promising career)

3. (med.) a renal ~

thrift

n. to practice ~

thrifty

adj. ~ in

thrill

I n. 1. to give, provide a ~

2. to experience, get, have a ~

3. a ~ for smb.

4. a ~ to + inf. (it was a ~ to ride in your new car = it was a

~ riding in your new car)

5. (misc.) to gamble for the ~ of it ('to gamble for the sheer

excitement of gambling')

II v. 1. (d; intr.) to ~ to (she ~ed to the sound of their

voices)

2. (R) it ~ed me to learn of your success

thrilled

adj. 1. ~ with (they were ~ with the gift)

2. ~ to + inf. (she was ~ to receive an invitation)

3. ~ that + clause (we were ~ that he would give a concert in

our town)

thrilling

adj. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ to see them)

thrive

v. (D; intr.) to ~ on (to ~ on hard work)

throat

n. 1. to clear one's ~

2. to gargle one's ~

3. a clear; inflamed, red, sore; scratchy; strep ~

4. (misc.) to cut one's own ~ ('to ruin oneself); to jump down

smb.'s ~ ('to criticize smb.'); to ram smt. down smb.'s ~ ('to

impose smt. on smb.'); the words stuck in her ~ ('she found it

difficult to say'); to have a lump in one's ~ ('to be overcome

by emotion'); to cut/slash/slit smb.'s ~

throes

n. in the ~ (in the ~ of a severe economic crisis)

thrombosis

n. a coronary ~

throne

n. 1. to ascend, mount, succeed to a ~

2. to seize, usurp a ~

3. to occupy, sit on a ~

4. to abdicate (from), give up a ~

throng

v. (P; intr.) they all ~ed around the speaker

throttle

n. 1. to open a ~

2. at full ~ ('at full speed')

throw

I n. 1. (basketball) a free ~

2. (baseball) a wild ~

II v. 1. (A) ~ the ball to her; or: ~ her the ball

2. (D; tr.) to ~ across, over (to ~ a ball over a fence)

3. (D; tr.) to ~ at (he threw a stone at me)

4. (d; refl., tr.) to ~ into (he threw himself into his work;

they threw the body into the river)

5. (d; refl., tr.) to ~ on (she threw herself on the mercy of

the court; to ~ light on a subject)

6. (d; tr.) to ~ out of (they were thrown out of work)

7. (d; refl., tr.) to ~ to (I threw myself to the ground)

8. (misc.) to ~ smb. off balance

throw away

v. (D; tr.) ('to squander') to ~ on (to ~ one's money on

gambling)

throwback

n. ['reversion'] a ~ to

throw back

v. (B) she threw the ball back to me

throw up

v. (B) ('to reproach') I was late, but she didn't ~ it up to me

thrust

I n. 1. to make a ~

2. a ~ into

II v. 1.(d;tr.) to ~ at (she thrust the money at me)

2. (d; tr.) to ~ into (she thrust the money into my hand)

3. (misc.) to ~ one's way through a crowd

thud

n. a dull ~

thumb

n. ['finger'] 1. babies often suck their ~s ['misc.']

2. under smb.'s ~ ('dominated by smb.'); to twiddle one's ~s

('to be idle'); to turn ~s down on ('to reject')

thunder

n. 1. ~ booms, reverberates, roars, rolls

2. a clap, peal, roll of ~ (a deafening clap of ~)

3. (misc.) to steal smb.'s ~ ('to do first what smb. else was

going to do')

thunderbolt

n. a ~ struck (a tree)

thunderstruck

adj. 1. ~ at (~ at the news)

2. ~ to + inf. (they were ~ to learn that the train had already

left)

thwart

v. (D;tr.)to~tn tic n. a nervous ~

tick

I n. (colloq.) (esp. BE) ['credit'] on ~ (to let smb. have

smt. on ~)

II n. (colloq.) (BE) ['moment'] in a ~ (she'll be down in a ~)

ticket

n. ['document showing that a fare or admission fee has been

paid'] 1. to issue a ~

2. to buy; get a ~

3. to honor ('accept') a ~

4. a one-way (AE), single (BE); return (BE), round-trip (AE) ~

5. a commutation (AE); complimentary, free; library (BE); meal

(AE; BE has luncheon voucher); pawn; platform (BE); season;

valid ~

6. an airplane; bus; train ~

7. a ~ for, to (a ~ for a concert; a ~ to a game) ['list of

candidates'] (pol.) (AE)

8. to split a ~

9. a split; straight ~ (to vote a split ~) ['printed card

indicating participation in a game of chance']

10. a winning ~ (she held the winning ~)

11. a lottery; sweepstakes ~ ['misc.']

12. to write one's own ~ (esp. AE; colloq.) ('to have complete

freedom of action') (see also traffic ticket)

tickled

adj. (colloq.) (esp. AE) ['happy'] 1.~ to + inf. (they would

be ~ to come to the party)

2. ~ that + clause (we're ~ that you'll be at our party)

3. (misc.) ~ pink/silly ('very much pleased')

tide

n. ['rising and falling of the surface of bodies of water'] 1.

a daily; ebb; falling; flood; high, spring; low, neap ~

2. a ~ comes in; ebbs, goes out ['trend, tendency']

3. to buck (AE), go against the ~

4. to go with the ~

5. to stem the ~

tidings

n. 1. to bear, bring ~

2. to receive ~

3. glad; sad ~

tie

I n. ['necktie'] 1. to tie one's ~

2. (BE) an old-school ~ ('a tie showing which school the owner

attended') ['draw'] (sports)

3. to break a ~

4. a scoreless ~

5. (to end) in a ~ ['match'] (BE) (sports)

6. a cup ~ ['link, bond']

7. to establish ~s with

8. to cement, strengthen ~s

9. to cut, sever; loosen ~s with

10. close, intimate, strong ~s

11. old school ~s

12. ~s between; to, with (~s to other nations) ['support for

rails'] (AE)

13. a railroad ~ (BE has sleeper)

II v. l.(D;tr.) ('to equal the score of) to ~ for (to ~ smb. for

the lead)

2. (D; tr.) ('to fasten') to ~ to (they ~d him to a post)

3. (D; intr.) ('to equal the score') to ~ with (our team ~d

with them for the lead)

4. (N; used with an adjective) she ~d the rope tight

tie down

v. (D;tr.) to ~ to (he was ~d down to his job

tie-in

n. (colloq.) ['relation'] a ~ between; with

tiers

n. ['rows'] in ~

tie-up

n. ['stoppage'] 1. to cause a ~

2. a traffic ~ ['link']

3. a ~ to; with

tiff

n. ['quarrel'] 1. to have a ~ with

2. a minor ~

tiger

n. 1. a Bengal; man-eating; saber-toothed; Siberian ~

2. ~s growl, roar

3. a young ~ is a cub

4. a female ~ is a tigress

5. (misc.) to fight like a ~ ('to fight very fiercely'); a

paper ~ ('one who only seems to pose a threat')

tight

adj. ['stingy'] (colloq.) (esp. AE) 1. ~ with (~ with money)

['misc.']

2. to sit ~ ('to maintain one's position')

tightrope

n. to walk a ~ (also fig.)

tile

n. ceramic; vinyl ~

tiller

n. ['rudder'] to ship ('put in place for use') the ~

tilt

I n. ['attack'] (colloq.) (BE) 1. to have, make a ~ at

['inclination']

2. a ~ to, towards ['misc.']

3. at full ~ ('at full speed')

II v. 1.(D;intr.) to ~ to (to ~ to the right)

2. (misc.) to ~ at windmills ('to fight imaginary enemies')

timber

n. 1. to float, raft ~ (down a river)

2. seasoned; unseasoned ~

time

n. ['unlimited duration'] ['entire period of existence'] 1. ~

flies; passes

2. in ~ (we exist in ~ and space) ['unlimited future period']

3. ~ will tell (~ will tell if we are right)

4. in ~ (in ~ everything will be forgotten) ['moment']

['fixed moment'] ['appropriate moment']

5. to fix, set, specify a ~ for (to fix a ~ for a meeting)

6. to bide ('wait patiently for') one's ~

7. bedtime; curtain ~; lunchtime; starting ~

8. the appointed; present; right; wrong ~

9. a closing; opening ~

10. a ~ for (it's ~ for lunch)

11. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ for us to leave)

12. ~ that + clause (it's high time that she returned home)

13. at a certain ~ (at a bad ~; at the present ~; at that ~; at

any old ~)

14. by a certain ~ (by that ~ he had left)

15. (misc.) in good ~; in plenty of ~ ('early enough')

['duration'] ['period'] ['interval']

16. to pass, spend ~ (she spends her ~ reading)

17. to gain, save ~

18. to find ~ (she somehow finds ~ to jog every day)

19. to consume, take ~ (it takes quite a bit of ~ to get there;

how much ~ will this job take?)

20. to lose; waste ~; to fritter away one's ~

21. a long; short ~

22. ancient; former; olden; prehistoric; recent ~s (in ancient

~s)

23. (AE) compensatory ~ ('free time given to an employee for

previously worked overtime') (BE has time off in lieu)

24. (AE) equal ~ (for political candidates on TV and radio)

25. peak viewing (BE), prime ~ (what's on TV tonight during

prime ~?)

26. (a) record ~ (she ran the distance in record ~)

27. released ~ ('time given for extracurricular activities')

28. travel ~ ('time spent in going to and returning from work')

29. (the) running ~ (of a film)

30. ~ drags

31. ~ for (will you have ~ for an interview?)

32. (misc.) to kill ~ ('to make time pass'); to play for ~ ('to

seek delay'); to take one's ~ ('to act slowly'); for a ~; for

the ~ being ('for now'); ~ hangs heavy on our hands

['conditions during a period']

33. bad, difficult, hard, rough ~s (during/in hard ~s)

['available period']

34. free, leisure, spare ~ (what do you do in your leisure ~?)

35. ~to + inf. (there is no ~ to lose; will you have ~ to see me

tomorrow?)

36. ~ for (~ for relaxation; I have no ~ for my family)

['period worked']

37. full ~; overtime; part ~ (I work part ~)

38. lost ~ (to make up lost ~; or: to make up for lost ~)

['period of serving, service']

39. to do, serve ~ (to do/serve ~ in prison) ['tempo, rhythm']

40. to beat, keep ~ (to music, to a song)

41. (mus.) common ~

42. (usu mil.) double; quick ~ (quick ~, march!)

43. in ~ to (the music) ['system of measuring duration']

44. to keep, show, tell ~ (a clock tells ~; my watch keeps good

~)

45. central (US); daylight-saving (AE), summer (BE); eastern

(US); Greenwich (mean); local; mountain (US); Pacific (US);

solar; standard (AE) ~ ['schedule']

46. ahead of ~

47. behind ~

48. in ~ for (we arrived in ~ for the concert)

49. on ~ (they got there on ~) ['experience']

50. to have a (good) ~

51. a good, great, lovely ~ (we had a great ~ on our trip)

52. a bad, rough, tough, unpleasant ~ ['timeout'] (sports)

53. to call ~ ['occasion']

54. the first; last; next ~; that; this ~ ['end of pregnancy']

55. her ~ is near ['misc.']

56. at the same ~ ('however'); at ~s ('occasionally'); for the ~

being ('at present'); from ~ immemorial ('from the earliest

period'); in good ~ ('when appropriate'); in no ~ ('very soon');

to have the ~ of one's life ('to enjoy oneself thoroughly'); to

keep up with the ~s ('to keep abreast of the latest

developments'); to make good ~ ('to travel quickly'); to make ~

with smb. (esp. AE; colloq.) ('to be successful in attracting

smb.'); to mark ~ ('to be inactive'); ~ and ~ again; or ~ after

~ ('frequently'); to live on borrowed ~ ('to live beyond the

expected time of death'); pressed for ~ ('in a hurry'); to work

against ~ ('to work to meet a deadline'); the ~ is ripe for

action ('it is time to act'); he died before his ~ ('he died

prematurely') USAGE NOTES: 1. The phrase in time can mean

'eventually'--in time everything will be forgotten.

2. The phrase in time can also mean 'with some time to spare'--

we arrived in time for the concert.

3. The phrase on time means 'neither early nor late'--they got

there on time.

time bomb

n. 1. to set off a ~

2. a ~ ticks away

time clock

n. to punch a ~

time limit

n. to set a ~ for

timeout

n. to take (a) ~ for

timer

n. ['timing device'] to set a ~

timetable

n. 1. to make up a ~

2. to issue a ~

3. to follow a ~

4. to upset a ~ (see schedule 3)

timid

adj. ~ about

timing

n. bad; good ~

tinged

adj. (cannot stand alone) ~ with (~ with regret)

tinker

v. (colloq.) (D; intr.) to ~ with

tint

v. (N; used with an adjective) the windshield is ~ed blue

tip

I n. ['gratuity'] 1. to give, leave a ~

2. a big, generous, handsome ~ (I left a generous ~ for the

waitress)

II v. 1. to ~ generously, handsomely, liberally

2. (0) we ~ped the waiter five dollars

III n. ['information'] 1. give smb. a ~

2. an anonymous; hot ~

3. a ~ about, on

IV n. ['pointed end'] 1. a filter ~ ['end']

2. on the ~ of smb.'s tongue (the word was on the ~ of my

tongue; it was on the ~ of my tongue to say something)

tip off

v. (D; tr.) ('to inform') to ~ about

tiptoe

n. (to stand, walk) on ~

tirade

n. 1. to launch into a ~

2. a blistering, lengthy ~

3. a ~ against

tire I tyre

n. 1. to deflate; inflate a ~

2. to mount a ~

3. to change; patch, repair; recap; retread a ~

4. to crisscross, rotate ~s (to reduce wear)

5. to slash a ~

6. a flat ~ (we had a flat ~ during our trip)

7. a worn ~

8. a balloon; radial; snow; spare; steel-belted; studded;

tubeless ~

9. whitewall ~s

10. a ~ blows out; goes flat

II v. (d; intr.) to ~ of (to ~ of watching television)

tired

adj. 1. dead ~

2. ~ of (I'm ~ of waiting)

tiresome

adj. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ to do the same thing every day = it's ~

doing the same thing every day)

tissue

n. ['structural material'] 1. cellular; con-junctival;

connective; fatty; granulation; muscular; scar ~ ['soft

paper']

2. cleansing; toilet ~ ['misc.']

3. a ~ of lies

title

n. ['appellation'] 1. to bestow, confer a ~ on

2. to renounce a ~

3. an official ~ ['exclusive possession']

4. to give smb. ~ to smt.

5. to hold ~ to smt.

6. clear ~to

7. ~to (they hold ~ to the property)

8. (misc.) there is a cloud on the ~ ['championship']

9. to win a ~

10. to hold a ~t 1. to clinch a ~

12. to give up; lose a ~

toad

n. a horned ~

toady up

v. (d; intr.) to ~ to (he ~died up to the boss)

toast

I n. ['browned bread'] 1. to make ~

2. French; melba ~

3. a piece, slice of ~

II v. (C) ~ two slices for me; or: ~ me two slices

III n. ['act of drinking to honor smb.'] 1. to drink; propose a

~

2. a ~ to (we drank a ~ to her)

3. (misc.) to join smb. in a ~ ['highly admired person']

4. the ~ of (the ~ of the town; the ~ of high society)

tobacco

n. 1. to grow, raise ~

2. to cure ~

3. to chew ~

4. strong ~

5. chewing ~

6. a plug of (chewing) ~

to-do

n. ['fuss'] to make a (big) ~ over

toe

n. 1. to stub one's ~ on

2. to curl one's ~s

3. the big; little ~

4. (misc.) to keep on one's ~s ('to be alert') to tread on

smb.'s ~s ('to offend smb.')

toehold

n. ['footing'] to get a ~

toenail

n. an ingrown ~

toil

I n. ['hard work'] 1. arduous, unremitting ~

2. physical ~

II v. (D; intr.) ('to work hard') to ~ over

toilet

n. 1. to flush a ~

2. a pay; public ~

token

n. ['symbol, sign'] 1. to give, provide a ~ of

2. a tangible ~

3. (misc.) by the same ~ ('for a similar reason'); in ~ of ('as

evidence of) ['metal or plastic disc used as a substitute for

money']

4. to drop in, insert, put in a ~ (to insert a ~ into a slot)

5. a bus; subway (AE) ~

told

adj. all ~ ('altogether')

tolerance

n. 1. to display, show ~

2. to have ~

3. ~ for

tolerant

adj. 1. ~ of (~ of criticism)

2. ~ towards

tolerate

v. (K) I will not ~ his smoking

toleration

n. 1. to display, show ~

2. ~ for

toll

I n. ['amount levied'] 1. to charge, exact, impose a ~

2. to collect ~s (on a bridge, road)

3. a bridge; tunnel; turnpike (AE) ~

4. (misc.) ~ free ['damage']

5. to take a ~ (on) (the storm took a heavy ~; the earthquake

took a heavy ~ on several villages)

6. a heavy ~ ['casualties']

7. the death ~

II v. (D; intr.) to ~ for (the bell ~ed for those who had made

the supreme sacrifice)

tomato

n. 1. to grow ~es

2. to can ~es

3. a rotten ~ (also fig.)

tome

n. ['volume'] a scholarly ~

tom-tom

n. 1. to beat a ~

2. the beat of the ~

ton

n. 1. a gross; long; metric; short ~

2. (misc.) (BE; slang) to do the ~ ('to go one hundred miles

per hour') USAGE NOTE: The ton in GB is the long ton (two

thousand two hundred forty pounds). In the US, the ton is the

short ton (two thousand pounds). The metric ton is one thousand

kilograms and is officially spelled tonne in GB.

tone

n. ['style, trend'] 1. to set the ~ ['sound']

2. dulcet, sweet; harsh; strident ~(s) ['manner of speaking

that reveals the speaker's feelings']

3. an abusive; angry; apologetic; arrogant; businesslike;

condescending, patronizing; decisive; emphatic; firm;

flippant; friendly; imperious; ironic; querulous; serious;

solemn; strident; subdued; threatening ~ (their ~ was friendly)

4. in a ~ (in angry ~s)

5. (misc.) don't take that ~ with me ['signal']

6. a dial (AE), dialling (BE) ~ ['pitch'] (ling.)

7. a falling; high; low; rising ~

tongs

n. 1. coal; curling; ice; sugar ~

2. a pair of ~

tongue

n. ['language'] 1. one's mother, native ~ ['organ of speech']

['speech']

2. to use one's ~ ('to speak')

3. to hold one's ~ ('to be silent')

4. to find one's ~ ('to begin to speak')

5. to stick out one's ~ (the child stuck out its ~ at me)

6. to click one's ~

7. a coated ~

8. (misc.) a ~ depressor; on everyone's ~ ('discussed by

everyone'); on the tip of one's ~ ('not quite recalled'); ~s

were wagging ('people were gossiping'); to speak with a forked ~

('to be deceitful') ['manner of speaking']

9. a caustic, foul, nasty, sharp; glib; loose ~ (he has a nasty

~)

tongue-lashing

n. 1. to give smb. a (good) ~

2. to get, receive a ~

tonic

n. 1. to take a ~

2. a ~ for

3. (misc.) a gin and ~ ('type of mixed drink')

tonnage

n. dead-weight; displacement; gross; net, registered ~

tonsillectomy

n. to do, perform a ~

tonsils

n. 1. enlarged; inflamed ~

2. (misc.) to have one's ~ out/removed/taken out

tool

n. 1. to use a ~

2. a garden; machine; power ~

3. burglar's ~s

toot

n. (colloq.) to give a ~ (on a horn)

tooth

n. 1. to cut, get teeth (babies are often fretful when they are

cutting teeth)

2. to brush (esp. AE), clean one's teeth

3. to cap; drill; extract, pull, take out; fill a ~

4. to pick one's teeth

5. to clench, gnash, grind, grit one's teeth

6. an artificial, false; baby (AE), milk; back; front; lower;

permanent; upper; wisdom ~

7. an abscessed; decayed ~

8. teeth ache; chatter; decay, rot; erupt ('appear'); fall out;

get discolored

9. a set of teeth

10. (misc.) to have a sweet ~ ('to love sweets'); to sink one's

teeth into smt. ('to become completely engrossed in smt.'); to

show one's teeth ('to show hostile intentions'); ~ and nail

('with all one's strength')

toothache

n. to get, have a ~ (AE)/get, have (a) ~ (BE)

toothbrush

n. to use a ~

top

I n. ['device that spins'] 1. to spin a ~ ['misc.']

2. to sleep like a ~ ('to sleep soundly')

II n. ['highest point'] 1. to reach the ~

2. a mountain ~; rooftop

3. from; to (the) ~ (from ~ to bottom; we climbed to the ~)

4. at the ~ ['cover, cap']

5. to put on, screw on a ~

6. to screw off, unscrew a ~

7. a bottle; box; screw ~ ['misc.']

8. to blow one's ~ ('to explode in anger'); to go over the ~

('to begin a charge by going over a parapet'); ('to exceed a

limit'); to be on ~ of a situation ('to be in control of a

situation')

topic

n. 1. to bring up, broach; discuss a ~

2. a controversial; everyday ~

3. (misc.) a ~ of conversation

topple

v. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ from (he was ~d from the throne)

topsy-turvy

adv. to turn smt. ~

torch

n. ['portable electric light'] (BE; AE has flashlight) 1. to

turn on a ~

2. to flash, shine a ~ on ['burning stick']

3. to light a ~

4. to bear a ~ ['device used to produce a very hot flame']

5. a welding ~ ['misc.']

6. to put smt. to the ~ ('to set fire to smt.'); to carry a ~

for smb. (colloq.) ('to remain in love with smb. who does not

return that love')

torment

v. (D; tr.) to ~ into (to ~ smb. into doing smt.)

torn

adj. ['divided'] (cannot stand alone) ~ between (he was ~

between his family and his job)

tornado

n. a ~ strikes (the ~ struck several cities)

torpedo

n. 1. to fire, launch a ~

2. an acoustic; aerial; bangalore; magnetic ~

3. a ~ explodes

4. a ~ hits; misses its target

torrent

n. 1. an angry, raging ~

2. a mountain ~

3. (misc.) the rain came down in ~s

tort

n. (legal) to commit a ~

torture

I n. 1. to employ, resort to, use ~

2. to inflict ~ on

3. to subject smb. to ~

4. to undergo ~

5. cruel; plain, sheer; sadistic; severe ~

6. water ~

7. ~ to + inf. (it was sheer ~ to listen to her sing = it was

sheer ~ listening to her sing)

8. under ~ (he confessed under ~)

II v. (D; tr.) to ~ into (he was ~d into confessing)

toss

I n. ['flipping of a coin to decide an issue'] to lose; win the

~

II v. 1. ('to turn and twist') to ~ restlessly (in one's sleep)

2. (A) ('to throw') ~ the ball to me; or: ~ me the ball

3. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ for ('to decide by flipping a coin')

(let's ~ for it)

total

n. 1. to add up, calculate, tally up a ~

2. a combined; grand; sum ~

touch

I n. ['social contact'] 1. to get; keep, stay in ~

2. to lose ~ with

3. close ~

4. in ~ with smb. (keep in close ~ with me)

5. out of ~ with (I am out of ~ with the present situation)

['feel']

6. to the ~ (smooth to the ~) ['physical contact']

7. a delicate; gentle, light, soft; heavy ~ ['sensitivity']

8. to have the common ~ ('to have the ability to appeal to the

common people') ['ability']

9. to lose one's ~ ['manner']

10. a bold; distinctive; magic; man's; personal; woman's ~

['detail, stroke']

11. the finishing ~es (to put the finishing ~es on/to smt.)

['misc.']

12. a soft ~ ('an overly generous person')

II v. 1. (d; intr.) ('to stop briefly') to ~ at (the ship will ~

at three ports)

2. (colloq.) (d; tr.) to ~ for ('to ask for') (to ~ smb. for a

loan)

3. (d; intr.) to ~ on ('to treat briefly') (to ~ on a topic)

touchdown

n. (esp. Am. football) to score a ~

touching

adj. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ to watch)

touchy

adj. (colloq.) ~ about (he's ~ about his appearance)

tough

adj. (colloq.) ['strict'] 1. ~ on, with (they are ~ on drunk

drivers) ['difficult']

2. (cannot stand alone) ~ to + inf. (he is ~ to work with = it

is ~ to work with him = it is ~ working with him = he is a ~

person to work with) ['unfortunate']

3. ~ that + clause (it's ~ that you can't be with your family)

['misc.']

4. to hang ~ (esp. AE; slang) ('to be very firm'); to talk ~

('to take a very firm bargaining position')

tour

n. 1. to conduct, operate; organize a ~

2. to go on, make a ~ of

3. a barnstorming (AE); city; concert; Cook's; goodwill; guided;

lecture; lightning; organized; package; sightseeing; speaking;

student; study ~

4. on ~ (to be on ~)

tournament

n. 1. to conduct, hold a ~

2. a bridge; chess; invitational; rapid-transit (for chess);

tennis

tourniquet

n. 1. to apply a ~

2. to loosen; tighten a ~

tour of duty

n. to do a ~

tout

v. (colloq.) ('to praise') 1. (d; tr.) to ~ as (he was ~ed as the

next middleweight champion)

2. (P; tr'.) to ~ highly

tow

I n. 1. a ski ~

2. to take (a ship) in ~

II v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ into (to ~ a barge into a port)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ out of (to ~ a boat out of a harbor)

3. (D; tr.) to ~ to (to ~ a car to a garage)

towel

n. ['cloth, paper for drying'] 1. a bath; dish (AE), tea (esp.

BE); face; guest; hand; linen; paper; roller; Turkish ~

2. a sanitary ~ (BE; AE has sanitary napkin)

3. a disposable ~ ['symbol of surrender']

4. to throw, toss in the ~

tower

I n. 1. a bell; conning; control; fire; TV; water ~

2. a signal ~ (AE; BE has signal box)

3. a ~ stands (one hundred feet high)

II v. (d; intr.) to ~ above, over (as a thinker, she ~s over her

colleagues)

town

n. 1. a boom; ghost ('deserted'); jerkwater (AE; colloq.), one-

horse, provincial, sleepy, small; market (BE) ~ (they live in a

sleepy, little ~)

2. a company ~

3. smb.'s hometown

4. a county ~ (BE; AE has county seat)

5. (misc.) to come to ~; to go to ~ (colloq.; fig.) ('to go all

out'); to leave ~; to blow/skip ~ (esp. AE; colloq.) ('to leave

town suddenly'); (out) on the ~ ('enjoying city nightlife')

USAGE NOTE: In GB, many places are called towns that would be

called cities in the US. In the US, many places are called towns

or small towns that are villages in GB. AE rarely uses village

for places in the US.

tow out

v. (d; tr.) to ~ to (they ~ed the barge out to the freighter)

toy

I n. 1. to make a ~

2. an educational; mechanical; musical ~ (to wind a mechanical

~)

3. (misc.) to play with ~s; a ~ car; plane; train

II v. (d; intr.) to ~ with (to ~ with smb.'s affections; cats ~

with mice)

trace

I n. 1. to leave a ~

2. to show a ~ of (to show no ~ of remorse)

3. to lose (all) ~of4.a slight ~ (he didn't show the slightest ~

of intoxication)

II v. (D;tr.) to ~ to (the letter was ~d to its sender)

traceable

adj. ~ to

trace back

v. (d; tr.) to ~ to (she ~d her origins back to the twelfth

century)

tracer

n. ['inquiry'] (esp. AE) 1. to put out, send out a ~ on

['tracer bullet']

2. to fire a ~ ['substance used to follow a reaction in the

body'] (med.)

3. to inject, introduce a ~ (into the body)

4. to scan (for) a ~

5. a radioactive ~

tracing

n. to make a ~

track

n. ['awareness'] 1. to keep ~ of (to keep ~ of expenses)

2. to lose ~ of

3. close ~ (to keep close ~ of smt.) ['course for racing']

4. a fast; muddy; slow ~

5. a cinder ~; racetrack; running ~ ['path, road']

6. a cart ~ (BE; AE has dirt road)

7. (misc.) off the beaten ~ ('isolated') ['rail']

8. to lay ~s

9. a double; main; railroad (AE), railway (BE); single ~

10. (misc.) on the wrong side of the ~s (AE; colloq.) ('in the

poor section of a city') ['recording']

11. a sound ~ ['misc.']

12. the inside ~ ('an advantageous position') USAGE NOTE: For

footraces, track is CE. For horseracing, AE uses track and

racetrack; BE prefers course and racecourse.

tracks

n. ['trail'] 1. to leave ~

2. to make ~ for ('to go directly to')

3. to cover one's ~ ['misc.']

4. to stop (dead) in one's ~ ('to stop instantaneously')

tract

n. ['system of organs'] the digestive; gas-trointestinal;

genitourinary; intestinal; respiratory ~

traction

n. in ~ (her leg is in ~)

tractor

n. to drive, operate a ~

trade

I n. ['commerce, business'] 1. to carry on, conduct, engage in

~

2. to build up, develop, drum up, promote; lose ~

3. to restrain, restrict ~

4. (a) brisk, lively ~ (they built up a lively ~)

5. fair ~

6. domestic; export; foreign, international, overseas; free;

illicit; maritime; retail; wholesale ~ (to promote international

~)

7. (the) slave ~

8. the carriage ~ ('business with wealthy people')

9. ~ among, between; with (to conduct ~ with many countries)

10. ~ in

11. (misc.) (in) restraint of ~ ['exchange']

12. to make a ~ with smb.

13. a fair ~ ['occupation']

14. to ply, practice a ~

15. to learn a ~

16. by ~ (she is a bookbinder by ~)

17. (misc.) a jack of all ~s

II v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ for (she ~d a knife for a hat)

2. (D; intr.) to ~ in (to ~ in furs)

3. (D; intr.) to ~ with (to ~ with various countries)

4. (0) she ~d me a knife for a spoon

trade in

v. (D; tr.) to ~ for (she ~d in her old car for a newer one)

trademark

n. 1. to issue a ~

2. to receive, register a ~

3. to bear; display a ~

4. to infringe a ~

trader

n. 1. a fur ~

2. a ~ in

trade up

v. (colloq.) (D; intr.) to ~ from; to (to ~ to a larger car)

trading

n. brisk; slow, sluggish ~ (slow ~ on the stock market)

tradition

n. 1. to hand down a ~

2. to establish, start a ~ (we started a new ~)

3. to cherish; maintain, preserve, uphold a ~

4. to break with ~

5. an ancient, old; cherished; deep-rooted, deep-seated,

established; family; hallowed; popular; religious ~

6. according to, by ~ (according to ancient ~; by popular ~)

7. in a ~ (in our ~)

traditional

adj. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ around here to fly the flag on holidays)

traffic

I n. ['movement of vehicles, aircraft'] 1. to direct ~ (the

police officer was directing ~)

2. to block, hold up, obstruct, tie up ~

3. bumper-to-bumper, heavy; light; rush-hour; slow-moving ~

4. air; highway (AE), motorway (BE); inbound; local; long-

distance; merging; one-way; through, thru (AE); two-way;

vehicular ~

5. (misc.) the flow of ~; an update on ~ conditions; a ~ report

['commerce, trade']

6. brisk, lively ~

7. illegal, illicit ~

8. ~ in (illicit ~ in drugs) ['misc.']

9. (colloq.) to charge what the ~ will bear ('to charge as much

as people are willing to pay')

II v. (d; intr.) to ~ in (to ~ in drugs)

traffic light

n. see light 11, 13-15

traffic ticket

n. (AE) ['summons for a traffic violation'] (CE has ticket) 1.

to give smb. a ~

2. to get; pay a ~

3. to fix a ~ ('to arrange to have a traffic ticket nullified')

4. a ~ for (the police officer gave her a ticket for speeding)

tragedy

n. ~ strikes (~ struck their family)

trail

I n. 1. to blaze, make; lay out a ~

2. to leave a ~ (the wounded animal left a ~ of blood)

3. to cover up a ~

4. a steep; winding ~

5. a hiking; ski; vapor ~ (to lay out a ski ~)

6. on smb.'s ~ (the police were on his ~)

7. (misc.) the ~ winds through the forest

II v. (D; intr.) to ~ behind (to ~ behind the leaders)

trailer

n. 1. a house ~ (AE; BE has caravan)

2. a flatbed; truck (esp. AE; BE prefers trailer) ~

train

I n. ['row of connected railroad cars'] 1. to drive a ~

2. to shunt ~s (onto different tracks)

3. to board, get on; catch; get off; miss; take a ~ (we took a ~

to the city)

4. to change ~s (we'll have to change ~s in Chicago)

5. to flag down; hold; stop a ~ (to stop a ~ by pulling the

communication/ emergency cord)

6. a boat; commuter; down (BE) ('from a city'); electric;

elevated; express; freight (AE), goods (BE); hospital; inbound;

local; long-distance; outbound; passenger; shuttle; slow (BE);

stopping (BE); suburban; through; up (BE) ('to a city') ~

7. a ~ arrives, pulls in; derails; leaves, pulls out; stops

8. a ~ for, to; from (the ~ from Exeter to London)

9. by ~ (to travel by ~)

10. aboard, on a ~ (we met on the ~) ['column']

11. a mule; supply; wagon ~ ['mechanism for transmitting

power']

12. a power ~

II v. 1. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ for (to ~ for the Olympics)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ in (to ~ smb. in defensive driving)

3. (d; tr.) ('to aim') to ~ on (he ~ed his gun on the intruder)

4. (H) they were ~ed to react instantaneously to an attack; they

~ed the workers to be precise

trained

adj. 1. ~ to + inf. (the dogs are ~ to attack)

2. (misc.) house-trained (esp. BE; AE prefers house-broken);

potty-trained (BE), toilet-trained

trainer

n. an animal ~

training

n. 1. to give, provide ~

2. to get, receive ~

3. intense; thorough ~

4. assertiveness; basic; hands-on; in-service, on-the-job (AE);

manual; military; physical; sensitivity; toilet; voice ~

5. ~ in (hands-on ~ in the use of computers)

6. the ~ to + inf. (the soldiers did not have the necessary ~

to carry out the mission)

7. by ~ (she's an engineer by ~)

8. in ~ (he was in ~ for the big fight)

traipse

v. (colloq.) (P; intr.) they were ~sing around in the park

trait

n. an acquired; character; genetic, hereditary; negative;

personality; positive ~

traitor

n. 1. a ~ to (a ~ to one's country)

2. (misc.) to turn ~

tram

(BE) see streetcar

tramcar

(BE) see streetcar

tramp

v. (P; intr.) to ~ through the woods

trample

v. 1. (d; intr.) to ~ on, upon (to ~ on smb.'s rights)

2. (misc.) to ~ underfoot

trance

n. 1. to fall into a ~

2. (to be) in a ~

tranquillity, tranquility

n. 1. to shatter the ~

2. (misc.) an air of ~

tranquillizer

n. 1. to take a ~

2. to prescribe a ~ for

transaction

n. 1. to conduct ~s

2. a delicate ~

3. business, financial ~s

4. ~s between

transcribe

v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ from; to (to ~ testimony from a tape)

2. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ in (to ~ speech in phonetic script)

transcript

n. 1. an official ~

2. (AE) a grade ~ ('a student's record')

transcription

n. 1. to make a ~

2. (ling.) a broad; narrow; phonetic ~

transfer

I n. ['act of transferring'] 1. to make a ~

2. an electronic; technology ~

3. a ~ from; to ['ticket allowing a passenger to change from

one vehicle to another on public transportation'] (esp. AE)

4. a bus; streetcar; subway ~

II v. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ from; to (she was ~red from New York

to Toronto)

transform

v. (D; tr.) to ~ from; into, to (to ~ current from one voltage

to another)

transformation

n. ['radical change'] 1. to undergo a ~

2. a complete, radical, total ~ ['transformational rule']

(ling.)

3. to formulate a ~

4. to apply a ~

5. to order ~s

6. a dative-movement, indirect-object; imperative; insertion;

negative; particle-movement; passive; question ~

7. a ~ applies

transformer

n. a step-down; step-up ~

transfuse

v. (D; tr.) to ~ into, to

transfusion

n. 1. to administer, give a ~

2. to get, receive a ~

3. a blood; bone-marrow; plasma ~

transgress

v. (formal) (D; intr.) to ~ against

transgression

n. to commit a ~ against

transistor

n. a solid-state ~

transit

n. 1. (esp. AE) mass, rapid ~

2. in ~ (damaged in ~)

transition

n. 1. to make a ~

2. a gradual ~

3. a ~ from; to

4. (misc.) in a state of ~

translate

v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ from; into, to (to ~ a book from French into

Spanish)

2. (misc.) to ~ at sight; to ~ simultaneously

translation

n. 1. to do, make a ~

2. (a) close, literal, word-for-word; free, loose ~

3. an authorized ~

4. (a) loan ~

5. (a) machine; running; simultaneous ~

6. a ~ from; into, to (a ~ from Russian into English)

7. in ~ (to read a book in ~; the poem is very effective in

free/in a free ~)

transliterate

v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ as (to ~ a Russian letter as ch)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ from; into (to ~ a text from Cyrillic into

Roman letters)

transliteration

n. to do a ~

transmission

n. ['gearbox'] 1. an automatic; standard; synchronized ~

['act of transmitting']

2. a ~ from; to

transmit

v. (D;tr.) to ~ from; to (the results were ~ted to all local

stations from the network)

transmitter

n. 1. a longwave; radar; radio; shortwave ~

2. a television, TV ~

transmute

v. (formal) (D; tr.) to ~ from; into (to ~ base metal into gold)

transpire

v. (L) ('to become apparent, evident, known') it ~d that he had

gone out of town before the crime occurred

transplant

I n. 1. to do a ~

2. to reject a ~ (her body rejected the ~)

3. a bone-marrow; corneal; gene; heart; kidney; organ ~

II v. (D; tr.) to ~ from; to

transport

I (esp. BE) see transportation

II v. 1. to ~ bodily

2. (d;tr.) to ~ from; to

transportation

n. (esp. AE; BE usu. has transport) 1. to provide ~

2. air; bus; ground, surface; mass, public ~

3. ~ from; to (to provide ~ from the city to the airport)

transpose

v. (D; tr.) to ~ from; into, to (to ~ a song into a different

key)

transposition

n. a ~ from; into, to

transship

v. (D; tr.) to ~ from; to

trap

n. ['device for catching animals or people'] ['stratagem for

tricking unsuspecting people'] 1. to bait; set a ~ for

2. to spring a ~ on

3. to fall into a ~

4. to lure smb. into a ~

5. a booby; death ~; mousetrap; radar, speed ~; a sand ~ (in

golf) ['mouth'] (slang)

6. to shut one's ~

trapeze

n. 1. a flying ~

2. on a ~

trapper

n. an animal; fur ~

trash

n. (AE; CE has refuse, rubbish) 1. to accumulate ~

2. to dispose of, dump ~ (BE prefers to tip refuse)

3. (misc.) (derog.) white ~ ('poor white people in the southern

US')

trauma

n. 1. to cause (a) ~

2. to suffer (a) ~

3. (a) physical; psychological ~

travel

I n. 1. air; foreign; sea ~

2. ~ from; to (~ from the United States to Japan)

II v. 1. to ~ extensively, widely; far; far and wide

2. to ~ deluxe; first-class; incognito; light; second-class

3. (D; intr.) to ~ by (to ~ by air)

4. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ from; to (to ~ from London to Tokyo)

5. (D; intr.) to ~ across, in, through (to ~ in Canada; to ~

through the Rockies)

6. (d; intr.) to ~ with (to be ~ing with a group of students)

7. (misc.) to ~ on business; to ~ downstream; to ~ upstream

traveler, traveller

n. 1. an experienced, seasoned ~

2. an air ~

3. a commercial traveller (BE; CE has traveling salesman)

4. (misc.) a fellow ~ ('a Communist sympathizer')

travesty

n. 1. to make a ~ of

2. a shocking ~

3. a ~ of, on

tray

n. a serving ~

treachery

n. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ to reveal such secrets to the enemy)

tread

I n. ['step'] 1. a firm; heavy; light ~ ['mark']

2. tire ~s ['pattern of ridges']

3. a worn ~

4. a tire

II v. 1. (usu. fig.) (d; intr.) to ~ on, upon (to ~ on smb.'s

toes)

2. (P; intr.) to ~ softly

treadle

n. to work a ~

treadmill

n. on a ~

treason

n. 1. to commit; plot ~

2. high ~

3. an act of ~

4. ~ to + inf. (it is ~ to sell military information to a

foreign power)

treasonable

see treasonous

treasonous

adj. ~ to + inf. (it is ~ to deal with the enemy during wartime)

treasure

n. 1. an art ~

2. a priceless; real ~

3. (a) buried; sunken ~ (to find buried/a buried ~; to raise

sunken ~ from the bottom of the sea)

treat

I n. ['source of joy'] 1. to provide a ~

2. a ~ for (their visit was a real ~ for us)

3. a ~ to + inf. (it was a ~to watch them dance) ['paying for

the food or entertainment of others']

4. to stand ~

5. (misc.) it's my ~

II v. 1. ('to describe') to ~ (a subject) exhaustively,

painstakingly, thoroughly

2. ('to deal with') to ~ badly; cruelly; fairly; unfairly

3. (d; tr.) to ~ as ('to deal with') (they ~ed us as honored

guests)

4. (D; tr.) ('to cure') to ~ for; with (to ~ smb. for a cold

with a new drug)

5. (d; tr.) to ~ like ('to deal with') (he ~ed him like his own

brother)

6. (formal) (d; intr.) to ~ of ('to deal with') (her books ~ of

economic problems)

7. (D; tr.) to ~ to ('to provide with at one's own expense')

(to ~ smb. to a decent meal)

8. (d; tr.) to ~ with ('to deal with') (to ~ smb. with

kindness)

treatise

n. 1. to write a ~

2. a scientific; theoretical ~

3. a ~ on, upon

treatment

n. ['care'] ['cure'] 1. to administer, give, provide ~

2. to get, receive, undergo ~

3. to respond to ~

4. inpatient; medical; outpatient; radiation; shock ~

5. ~ for (to undergo ~ for alcoholism)

6. under ~ ['method of dealing with']

7. atrocious, brutal, cruel, harsh, inhumane ~ (brutal ~ of

prisoners)

8. equal, equitable; fair; humane; kid-glove, preferential;

kind; red-carpet; shabby; special; uneven; unfair ~ (to receive

preferential ~)

9. (colloq.) the VIP ('special') ~ (they got the VIP ~)

10. the silent ~ (to give smb. the silent ~) ['description,

study']

11. a cursory; definitive; exhaustive, lengthy; superficial ~

treaty

n. 1. to conclude, sign; negotiate, work out a ~

2. to confirm, ratify a ~ (the senate confirms all treaties)

3. to break, violate a ~

4. to abrogate, denounce a ~

5. a bilateral; commercial, trade; nonaggression; peace; test-

ban ~

6. a ~ between; with (a ~ between former foes)

7. a ~ to + inf. (they signed a ~ to settle all border disputes

by arbitration)

tree

n. ['woody plant with a trunk'] 1. to grow; plant a ~

2. to prune, trim a ~

3. to chop down, cut down, fell a ~

4. to uproot a ~ (the gale uprooted several ~s)

5. a Christmas; shade ~

6. a ~ grows

7. in; on a ~ (monkeys live in ~s; fruit grows on ~s)

8. (misc.) to climb a ~; (colloq.) up a ~ (AE), up a gum ~ (BE)

('stymied'); to bark up the wrong ~ ('to be mistaken')

['something resembling a tree']

9. a family, genealogical ~

10. a clothes; shoe ~

trek

I n. ['long trip'] to go on, make a ~ from; to

II v. (P; intr.) to ~ across the fields

tremble

v. 1. (d; intr.) to ~ at (to ~ at the thought of going back to

work)

2. (D; intr.) to ~ from, with (to ~ from the cold; to ~ with

fear)

tremor

n. 1. a nervous ~

2. uncontrollable; violent ~s

3. an earth ~

trench

n. 1. to dig a ~

2. a slit ~

3. (misc.) in the ~es (during World War I)

trend

n. 1. to create, set, start a ~

2. a discernible, noticeable; general; growing; marked; recent;

unwelcome; welcome ~

3. an economic; political ~

4. a ~ towards

trespass

I n. criminal ~

II v. 1. (obsol.) (D; intr.) to ~ against

2. (D; intr.) to ~ on, upon (to ~ on a neighbor's property)

trespassing

n. no ~!

trial

n. ['legal proceedings'] 1. to conduct, hold a ~

2. to bring smb. to ~; to put smb. on ~

3. to stand ~ for (he stood ~ for embezzlement)

4. to go to ~ (the case went to ~)

5. to waive a (jury) ~ (the accused waived a jury ~)

6. a fair; speedy ~ (to get a fair ~)

7. a closed; court; jury (or: a ~ by jury); open, public; show;

summary; war-crimes ~

8. at a ~ (she testified at his ~)

9. on ~ for (he was on ~ for murder) ['test, experiment']

10. a field ~

11. ~ by (~ by fire)

12. (misc.) by ~ and error ['source of worry']

13. a ~ to (they <ğrc a ~ to their parents)

trial balloon

n. to float, send up a ~

triangle

n. 1. to draw, make a ~

2. an acute; congruent; equilateral; isosceles; obtuse; right

(AE), right-angled (BE); scalene ~

3. (fig.) the eternal ~; a love ~

tribe

n. 1. to lead a ~

2. a native; nomadic, wandering; primitive ~

3. (misc.) to belong to a ~; a member of a ~

tribulation

n. 1. to bear, endure a ~

2. (misc.) trials and ~s

tribunal

n. a high ~

tribute

n. ['money paid under duress'] 1. to exact ~ from

2. to pay ~ to ['testimonial']

3. to pay (a) ~ to

4. a fitting; glowing; moving, touching ~

5. a floral ~ ('a bunch of flowers')

6. a ~ to

trick

I n. ['dexterous feat, sleight of hand'] 1. to do, perform a ~

2. a card; hat ~ ['prank'] ['deceitful act']

3. to play a ~ on smb.

4. a clever; dirty, low, mean, nasty, shabby, sneaky, snide ~

5. a confidence ~ (BE; AE has confidence game) ['scoring unit

in a card game']

6. to lose; take, win a ~ ['misc.']

7. to do the ~ ('to be exactly what is needed'); one's bag of

~s ('one's expertise'); ~ or treat! (at Halloween) (see also

tricks)

II v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ into (to ~ smb. into doing smt.)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ out of (she was ~ed out of her money)

trickle

v. (P; intr.) stragglers kept ~ling into camp

trickle down

v. (D; intr.) to ~ to (to ~ to the general population)

tricks

n. (often pol.) dirty ~

trifle

I n. a mere ~

II v. (d; intr.) to ~ with

trigger

n. ['device for releasing the hammer of a firearm'] 1. to

press, pull, release, squeeze a (the) ~

2. a hair ('delicate') ~ ['device that fires an explosive']

3. a ~ for (a ~ for an H-bomb)

trim

I n. ['good condition'] ['condition'] 1. fighting ~ (in

fighting ~)

2. in ~ (to be in ~) ['ornamental metalwork on a car']

3. chrome ~ (he scratched my chrome ~)

II v. (d;tr.) to ~ from (to ~ the fat from the budget)

trimmings

n. ['garnishings'] with all the ~ (turkey with all the ~)

trip

I n. 1. to go on, make, take a ~ (she went on a ~; I've made

this ~ many times; we would like to take a ~)

2. to arrange, organize, plan a ~

3. to cancel; postpone a ~

4. an extended, long; short ~

5. a business; camping; field; pleasure; return; round; round-

the-world; wedding ~ (we are planning a round-the-world ~)

6. a ~ from; to (they went on a ~ to Canada; to take a ~ from

England to Australia)

7. a ~ through (a ~ through the west)

8. on a ~ (she was away on a ~)

9. (misc.) an ego ~ ('an action that satisfies one's ego')

II v. (D; intr.) ('to stumble') to ~ on, over (to ~ on a rock;

she was ~ping over every word)

triplets

n. a set of ~

triplicate

n. in ~ (to prepare all documents in ~)

tripod

n. on a ~ (the camera rested on a ~)

triumph

I n. 1. to achieve, score a ~

2. a glorious, splendid; short-lived ~

3. a ~ over (a ~ over evil)

4. in ~ (to return home in ~)

II v. (D; intr.) to ~ over

triumphant

adj. ~ in; over

Trojan

n. (misc.) to work like a ~ ('to work very hard')

trolley

n. ['small wheeled conveyance'] (BE) 1. a (shopping) ~ (in a

supermarket) (AE has shopping cart)

2. a tea ~ (AE has tea wagon)

3. a sweet ~ (in a restaurant) ['streetcar, tram'] (AE)

4. see streetcar USAGE NOTE: Wheeled conveyances that are

called trolleys in BE are often called carts in AE. In a

library, books are moved on a trolley (BE) or on a cart (AE).

trombone

n. to play the ~

troop

I n. 1. a cavalry ~

2. a Boy Scout; Girl Scout (AE) ~

II v. (P; intr.) the children ~ed into school

trooper

n. 1. (AE) a state ~

2. (misc.) to swear like a ~ ('to use vile language')

troops

n. 1. to commit; deploy; dispatch; lead ~

2. to review ~

3. to station ~ (in a country)

4. green; seasoned ~

5. defeated; demoralized; victorious ~

6. airborne; armored; ground; irregular; motorized; mounted;

regular; shock; ski ~

trophy

n. 1. to award a ~

2. to win a ~

3. a sports; war ~

tropic

n. the Tropic of Cancer; Capricorn

tropics

n. in the ~ (to live in the ~)

trot

n. 1. at a ~

2. (misc.) (BE; colloq.) on the ~ all day ('busy all day');

that horse won four races on the ~ ('that horse won four races

in succession')

troth

n. (formal) to plight one's ~ ('to make a promise of marriage')

trouble

I n. 1. to cause, make, start, stir up ~

2. to invite, look for ~

3. to have ~ (she had a lot of ~ with her back)

4. to go to ~ (they went to a great deal of ~ to arrange the

interview)

5. to get (smb.) into ~ (we got into ~ during our trip; she got

herself into serious ~ with the police; they got me into ~ at

school)

6. to take the ~ to do smt. (I took the ~ to check on her

story)

7. to get (smb.) out of ~ (I got out of ~; she got herself out

of ~; they got him out of ~)

8. to avoid, steer clear of ~

9. real, serious ~

10. back; engine; heart ~ (to develop engine ~)

11. ~ is brewing

12. ~ blows over

13. ~ about, over; with (we had ~ with our neighbors over the

noise that they were making)

14. a bit of ~

15. no ~to + inf. (it's no ~ to call them)

16. in ~ (with) (they were in ~; he was in ~ with the police)

17. out of ~ (to keep out of ~)

18. (misc.) to put smb. to a lot of ~; it is not worth the ~;

sending a telegram will save you the ~ of making a second trip;

she has ~ going up steps; he had no ~ memorizing the material

for the test

II v. 1. (d; refl., tr.) to ~ about (don't ~ yourself about the

arrangements)

2. (colloq.) (E; in neg. sentences) she didn't even ~ to lock

the door

3. (colloq.) (H; in interrogative sentences; no passive) could

I ~ you to open the window?

4. (R) it ~d me to read that no negotiations were scheduled; it

~d us that they did not write of their plans

troubled

adj. ~ to + inf. (we were ~ to learn of her problems)

troublesome

adj. ~to + inf. (it is ~ to be without electricity)

trousers

n. 1. to put on; wear ~

2. to take off ~

3. to button up; unbutton; unzip; zip up one's ~

4. baggy; long; short ~

5. a pair of ~

6. (misc.) a trouser leg

trousseau

n. a bridal ~

trowel

n. a bricklayer's; gardener's; plasterer's ~

truant

n. (esp. AE) 1. to play ~

2. (misc.) a ~ officer

truce

n. 1. to agree on, arrange, call, work out a ~

2. to violate a ~

3. to denounce a ~

4. an armed; uneasy ~

5. a ~ between

truck

I n. ['vehicle'] 1. (esp. AE; BE often has lorry, van) to

drive, operate a ~

2. a delivery (AE); dump (esp. AE), dumper (BE), tipper (BE);

garbage (AE); panel (AE; BE has delivery van); pickup (AE);

sound; trailer (AE; BE has articulated lorry); trash (AE; BE has

dustcart) ~

3. a tow ~ (AE; BE has breakdown lorry, breakdown van)

4. a railway ~ (BE; AE has flat-car)

II n. ['dealings'] to have no ~ with

trudge

v. (P; intr.) to ~ through the mud

true

adj. 1. historically ~

2. ~ to (~ to one's principles)

3. ~ that + clause (it is not ~ that she has resigned)

truly

adv. (usu. at the close of a letter) (esp. AE) yours ~; yours

very ~; very ~ yours (CE has yoĞrs sincerely, sincerely yours)

trump

n. ['winning card'] 1. to play a ~ ['final resource']

2. to have a ~ up one's sleeve

trump card

n. ['final resource'] to play one's ~

trumpet

n. to play the ~

trumps

n. to lead ~ (when playing cards)

trunk

n. ['main stem'] 1. a tree ~ ['large piece of luggage']

2. to pack; unpack one's ~

3. to ship a ~

4. a steamer; wardrobe ~ USAGE NOTE: On cars, trunk is AE; boot

is BE.

trunks

n. bathing ~

trust

I n. ['reliance'] 1. to place, put one's ~ in

2. to abuse smb.'s ~

3. absolute; blind, unquestioning ~

4. public ~

5. on ~ (to sell on ~) ['cartel']

6. to break up a ~ ['fund']

7. to set up a ~ (for a child)

8. a unit ~ (BE; AE has mutual fund)

9. a blind; perpetual ~ (to place one's holdings in a blind ~

during one's term of office)

10. in ~ for

II v. 1. to ~ blindly, implicitly

2. (d; intr.) ('to believe') to ~ in (to ~ in God)

3. (d; intr.) to ~ to ('to rely on') (to ~ to memory)

4. (d; tr.) ('to entrust') to ~ with (to ~ smb. with one's

savings)

5. (H) ('to entrust') I ~ed her to deposit the funds; ~ them to

do smt. silly (ironic)

6. (L) ('to believe') we ~ that you will keep your word

trust fund

n. to set up a ~ for smb.

truth

n. 1. to ascertain, elicit, establish, find; face, face up to;

search for, seek the ~

2. to reveal; tell the ~

3. to distort, stretch the ~

4. the absolute, cold, gospel, naked, plain, sober, unvarnished

~

5. the awful; bitter; ultimate ~

6. (the) historical ~

7. a grain, kernel of ~

8. the ~ that + clause (the ~ is that he served in the army)

9. in ~

try

I n. 1. to have, make a ~ at

2. (colloq.) to give it, smt. a ~

3. (rugby) to score a ~

4. a ~ at, for

5. a ~ to + inf. (they made another ~ to have the decision

reversed)

6. (misc.) (AE; colloq.) to give it the old college ~ ('to make

a determined effort')

II v. 1. to ~ hard; to ~ one's best

2. (D; intr.) ('to attempt') to ~ for (to ~ for a prize)

3. (D; tr.) ('to subject to trial') to ~ for (they tried her

for murder)

4. (E) ('to attempt') she tried to telephone us

5. (G) ('to attempt') he tried jogging, but his ankles would

hurt USAGE NOTES: 1. The phrase try and do smt. is a colloq.

variant of try to do suit., but has no past tense.

2. The sentence she tried to jog usu. means that she never was

able to jog; she tried jogging means that she was able to jog,

but gave it up after a while.

tryout

n. a ~ for

try out

v. 1. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ for (to ~ for a major part in a play)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ on (to ~ a new drug on animals)

tryouts

n. to hold ~ for

tryst

n. 1. to keep a ~

2. a ~ with

tsar

(BE) see czar

tub

n. ['bathtub'] (esp. AE; BE prefers bath) 1. to fill the ~

(for a bath)

2. to empty the ~ (after a bath)

3. to clean out; scrub (out) a ~

tube

n. ['channel within a body'] 1. bronchial; Eustachian;

Fallopian ~s ['rubber casing']

2. an inner ~ ['hollow cylinder']

3. an electron; picture, television; test ~

4. a vacuum ~ (AE; BE has va/ve)

5. (slang) the boob ~ ('television')

tuberculosis

n. to contract, develop ~

tubing

n. copper; glass; flexible; plastic; rubber ~

tuck

v. (d; tr.) to ~ into (to ~ a child into bed; he ~ed his shirt

into his trousers)

tog

I n. ['pull''] 1. to give a ~ on ['tugboat']

2. a seagoing ~

II v. (D; intr.) to ~ at (to ~ at a rope)

tuition

n. ['instruction'] (BE) 1. to give ~ ['payment for

instruction']

2. to pay ~ for

3. free; half ~ (to receive free ~)

tumble

I n. (colloq.) ['fall'] 1. to take a ~

2. a bad, nasty ~ (she took a nasty ~)

3. a ~ from ['sign of recogniton']

4. to give smb. a ~ (they wouldn't give us a ~)

II v. 1. (d; intr.) to ~ into (to ~ into bed)

2. (d; intr.) to ~ out of (to ~ out of a chair)

3. (colloq.) (d; intr.) to ~ to ('to catch on to, comprehend')

(they didn't ~ to the meaning of the clues)

tumor, tumour

n. 1. to excise, remove a ~

2. a benign; inoperable; malignant ~

tumult

n. ['violent, noisy agitation'] 1. to cause ~

2. in ~ over

tune

I n. ['melody'] 1. to compose, write a ~

2. to hum; play; sing; whistle a ~ (to play a ~ on the piano)

3. to carry ('sing the notes of) a~4.a~of, to (the ~to a song)

5. a catchy; lilting ~

6. in ~;

out of ~ (to sing in ~; she was playing out of ~)

7. to a ~ (to dance to a ~) ['agreement']

8. in ~ with (in ~ with the times)

9. out of ~ with ['attitude'] (colloq.)

10. to change one's ~ ['misc.'] (colloq.)

11. to call the ~ ('to be in command'); to sing a different ~

('to begin to act differently'); to the ~ of ('approximately')

II v. (d; tr.) to ~ to (we ~d our sets to the local station)

tune in

v. (D; intr.) to ~ on, to (to ~ to a station)

tuner

n. a piano ~

tune-up

n. 1. to do a ~ (of an engine)

2. an engine

tuning

n. fine ~

tunnel

I n. 1. to bore, construct, dig a ~

2. a pedestrian; railroad (AE), railway (BE); wind ~

3. a ~ caves in

4. through a ~ (to drive through a ~)

5. (misc.) (fig.) the light at the end of the ~

II v. (D; intr.) to ~ under (to ~ under the Channel)

turbulence

n. clear-air ~

turkey

n. 1. to raise ~s

2. to carve; roast; stuff a ~

3. a wild ~

4. ~s gobble

5. a female ~ is a hen

6. a male ~ is a gobbler

turmoil

n. in (a) ~ (the country was in ~)

turn

I n. ['change of direction'] ['direction'] 1. to make,

negotiate a ~ (to negotiate a difficult ~)

2. to take a ~ (the conversation took an interesting ~)

3. a left; right; sharp ~; U-turn (to make a U-turn)

4. a ~to (a ~ to the right) ['proper order, opportunity']

5. to take one's ~

6. to take ~s at; with (we took ~s with them standing/at

standing guard)

7. to wait one's ~

8. smb.'s ~ comes (my ~ came)

9. smb.'s ~ to + int. (it's my ~ to drive)

10. by ~s

11. in ~; out of ~ ['change']

12. to take a ~ (the situation took a ~ for the better)

13. a dramatic; favorable; unexpected; unfavorable ~ (events

took a dramatic ~ for the worse)

14. at the ~ (of the century) ['short walk']

15. to take a ~ (let's take a ~ around/round the park)

['shock']

16. to give smb. a ~ (the revelation gave me quite a ~)

['misc.']

17. at every ~ ('on every occasion'); to do smb. a good ~ ('to

do smb. a favor')

II v. 1. ('to change direction') to ~ abruptly, sharply

2. (d; intr., tr.) to ~ against ('to become antagonistic

towards'); ('to make antagonistic towards') (to ~ against one's

friends; what ~ed him against us?)

3. (d; intr.) to ~ for; to ('to resort to') (she had to ~ to

her family for help)

4. (d; intr.) ('to shift') to ~ from; to (let's ~ from this

topic to a more pleasant one; to ~ to a new field)

5. (D; intr.) ('to change direction') to ~ into, onto (to ~

into a side street)

6. (d; intr., tr.) to ~ into, to ('to be converted, transformed

into'); ('to convert, transform into') (caterpillars ~ into

butterflies; freezing water ~s into ice; his love ~ed to hate;

they ~ed the meeting into a brawl; the incident ~ed her into a

better person)

7. (D; intr.) to ~ off ('to leave') (to ~ off the main road)

8. (d; intr.) to ~ on ('to attack') (to ~ on smb. in anger)

9. (d; intr.) to ~ on, upon ('to depend, hinge on') (everything

~s on the judge's interpretation of the law)

10. (D; intr.) ('to change direction') to ~ to (to ~ to the

right)

11. (d; intr.) ('to direct one's attention, efforts') to ~ to

(to ~ to a new subject; she ~ed to the study of art)

12. (d; tr.) ('to direct') to ~ to, towards (to ~ one's

attention to a new problem; ~ your face towards the mirror; you

should not ~ your back to the audience)

13. (D; intr.) to ~ towards ('to face') (~ towards me)

14. (N; used with an adjective) ('to cause to become') we ~ed

the dog loose; worry ~ed her hair gray

15. (S) to ~ traitor; she ~ed pale

16. (misc.) to ~ one's back on smb. ('to reject smb.') (see the

Usage Note for grow)

turnabout

n. ['reversal'] to do a ~

tarn away

v. (D; intr.) to ~ from

turnback

v. (D; intr.) to ~ from; to

turn in

v. (B) ('to hand over') they ~ed him in to the police; she ~ed

the assignment in to the teacher; he refused to ~ himself in to

the authorities

turning point

n. 1. to mark a ~ (in history)

2. to reach a ~

3. a ~ for

4. at a ~ (we are at a ~ in history)

turn off

v. (D; intr.) to ~ from; into (we ~ed off from the main road

into a side road)

turn on

v. (slang) 1. (D; intr.) to ~ to ('to become excited about') (to

~ to Beethoven)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ to ('to excite about') (to ~ smb. on to

Beethoven)

turnout

n. ['attendance'] ['participation'] 1. to attract a (large)

~

2. a big, enormous, heavy, large; good; record ~

3. a light, poor, small ~

4. (a) voter ~

turn out

v. 1. (D; intr.) ('to appear') to ~ for (a large crowd ~ed out

for her first concert)

2. (E) ('to prove') the test ~ed out to be positive

3. (L) it ~ed out that they were away on a trip

4. (s) the test ~ed out negative

turnover

n. ['movement of goods'] 1. a brisk, rapid ~ ['filled

pastry']

2. an apple ~

turn over

v. (B) ('to hand over') to ~ a thief over to the police

turnpike

n. (AE) ['toll expressway'] 1. (to travel) by ~

2. (to drive) on a ~

turn signal

n. (AE) to put on, use a ~ (BE has indicator)

turnstile

n. 1. to pass through a ~

2. a subway (AE), underground (BE) ~

turn up

v. 1. (D; intr.) ('to appear') to ~ in (she finally ~ed up in

London)

2. (s) ('to appear') (he ~ed up drunk at/for work)

turpitude

n. moral ~

turtle

n. 1. a fresh-water; land; mud; snapping ~

2. (misc.) to turn ~ ('to capsize')

tusk

n. an elephant; walrus ~

tussle

I n. (colloq.) 1. to get into, have a ~

2. a ~ about, over; with

II v. (colloq.) (D; intr.) to ~ with

tutelage

n. under smb.'s ~

tutor

I n. 1. a course (BE); private ~

2. a ~ to

II v. (D; tr.) to ~ in (to ~ smb. in physics)

tutorial

n. ['course'] 1. to give smb. a ~

2. to have a ~ with

3. a ~ about, on

TV

see television

TV set

see television set

twang

n. 1. a nasal ~

2. (misc.) to speak with a ~

tweed

n. herringbone ~

tweezers

n. a pair of ~

twilight

n. in the ~ (in the ~ of one's career)

twine

v. 1. (d; intr., refl.) to ~ around, round (the vines ~d around

the tree)

2. (misc.) she has them ~d around her little finger ('they will

do anything she wants them to do')

twinkle

n. a ~ in smb.'s eyes

twins

n. 1. fraternal; identical; Siamese ~

2. a pair, set of ~

twist

I n. ['type of dance'] 1. to dance, do the ~ ['act of

twisting']

2. to give smt. a ~ ['unexpected turn']

3. an ironic; strange, unusual ~ ['interpretation']

4. to give a (new) ~ (to the news) ['approach, method']

5. a new ~

II v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ into (to ~ smt. into a certain shape)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ out of (to ~ smt. out of shape)

3. (misc.) to ~ smb.'s arm ('to coerce smb.'); to ~ smb. around

one's little finger ('to manipulate smb.'); the road ~s and

turns

twitch

I n. a nervous; uncontrollable ~

II v. to ~ nervously; uncontrollably

two cents worth

n. (slang) (AE) ['opinion'] to get in, put in one's ~

type

I n. ['metal blocks used in printing'] 1. to set ~ (to set ~

by hand)

2. boldface, boldfaced; elite; italic; pica; regular; Roman ~

3. a font/fount of ~

4. in ~ (to set a book in ~) ['sort, category']

5. a blood ~

6. of a certain ~ (a person of that ~ = that ~ of person)

II v. 1. (C) ('to typewrite') ~ this letter for me; or: ~ me

this letter

2. (D; tr.) ('to assign to a type') to ~ as (that actor was ~d

as a villain)

typecast

v. (D; tr.) to ~ as; in (to be typecast in a certain role)

typeface

see type 12

typewriter

n. 1. to operate, pound (colloq.) a ~

2. an electric; electronic; manual; portable ~

3. a ~ skips

4. on a ~ (I did the letter on my electric ~)

typhoid

n. to contract, develop ~

typhoon

n. the ~ hit/struck (several islands)

typhus

n. to contract, develop ~

typical

adj. 1. ~ of

2. ~ to + int. (it was ~ of her to say such things)

typing

n. to do (the) ~

typist

n. 1. a shorthand ~ (BE; AE has stenographer)

2. a clerk-typist

tyranny

n. 1. to impose ~ on

2. to overthrow a ~

3. cruel, merciless; ruthless ~

4. an act of ~

5. ~ over

tyrant

n. 1. to overthrow a ~

2. a cruel, merciless; ruthless ~

tyre

(BE) see tire I

UFO

n. ['unidentified flying object'] 1. to sight a ~

2. (misc.) a ~ sighting

ukase

n. ['edict'] to issue a ~

ulcer

n. a bleeding; duodenal; gastric, stomach; mouth; peptic;

perforated ~

ultimate

n. ['acme'] 1. the ~ in (the ~ in comfort)

2. (carried) to the ~

ultimatum

n. 1. to deliver, give, issue, present an ~

2. to get, receive an ~

3. to defy; ignore an ~

4. to withdraw an ~

umbilical cord

n. 1. to tie (off) an ~

2. to cut the ~ (also fig.)

umbrage

n. ['offense']l.togive~2.totake~at

umbrella

n. 1. to open an ~

2. to fold (up) an ~

3. a beach ~

4. under an ~ (also fig.)

unable

adj. (cannot stand alone) ~ to + inf. (she is ~ to work today)

unacceptable

adj. ~ to

unaccountable

adj. ~ to

unaccustomed

adj. (cannot stand alone) ~ to (~ to public speaking)

unaffected

adj. 1. ~ by

2. to remain ~

unafraid

adj. ~ of

unaided

adj. ~ by; in

unamenable

adj. (formal) ~ to

unanimity

n. ~ in

unanimous

adj. ~ in

unappreciative

adj. ~ of

unasked

adj. ~ for

unattended

adj. to leave smt. ~

unaware

adj. (cannot stand alone) 1. ~ of

2. ~ that + clause (they were ~ that the road had been closed)

unawares

adv. ['unexpectedly'] to catch smb. ~

unbalanced

adj. mentally ~

unbeatable

adj. ~ at, in (~ at chess)

unbecoming

adj. ~ of; to (conduct ~ to an officer = conduct ~ an officer)

unbeknown

adj. (cannot stand alone) ~ to (~ to us, they had already left)

unbeknownst

adj. (formal) (cannot stand alone) ~ to

unbelievable

adj. 1. ~ to

2. ~ that + clause (it's ~ to me that she would commit such a

blunder)

unbending

adj. ~ in (~ in one's manner)

unbiased

adj. ~ towards

unburden

v. 1. (B; refl.) he finally ~ed himself to his family

2. (D; refl.) to ~ of (to ~ oneself of a secret)

uncanny

adj. 1. positively ~

2. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ to see how closely they resemble each

other)

3. ~ that + clause (it's ~ that we got here on the same day

after traveling for three months)

4. (misc.) it's ~ how much the twins resemble each other

uncensured

adj. to go ~

uncertain

adj. 1. ~ about, as to, of (~ about the outcome)

2. (misc.) I am still ~ (as to) whether (or not) they are

coming

uncertainty

n. ~ about, as to (there was no ~ about the matter; there is

still some ~ as to whether they are coming)

unchallenged

adj. to go ~

unchanged

adj. to remain ~

uncharacteristic

adj. 1. ~ of

2. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of her not to answer her

correspondence)

uncharitable

adj. 1. ~ of2. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of her to say that)

unchecked

adj. to go, remain ~

unclaimed

adj. to go, remain ~

uncle

n. (misc.) (colloq.) to say ~ ('to yield')

uncomfortable

adj. (to feel) ~ about; with (I felt ~ about discussing this

matter in public)

uncommitted

adj. ~ to

uncommon

adj. ~ to + inf. (it is not ~ to find people here who know

several languages)

uncommunicative

adj. ~ about, regarding

uncompromising

adj. ~ in; towards (~ in one's attitude; ~ towards their

proposal)

unconcern

n. ~ for, over

unconcerned

adj. ~ about, at, over, with

unconscious

adj. 1. to remain ~

2. ~ of

unconventional

adj. ~ to + inf. (it is ~ to go to work in shorts)

unconvinced

adj. 1. to remain ~

2. ~ of

uncooperative

adj. ~ about; in; towards (~ in working out a compromise)

uncorrected

adj. to go, remain ~

uncritical

adj. ~ of

unction

n. (rel.) 1. to give ~

2. to receive ~

3. Extreme Unction USAGE NOTE: The term Anointing of the Sick

is now preferred to Extreme Unction.

undaunted

adj. ~ by; in (~ in one's resolve)

undedded

adj. 1. ~ about

2. ~ whether + inf. (he is ~ whether to go)

3. to remain ~

undemonstrative

adj. ~ towards

underbelly

n. (fig.; historical) the soft ~ (of Europe) ('the Balkans and

Italy')

underbrush

n. in the ~

undercoating

n. (on a car) to apply ~

undercover

adv. ['acting in secret'] 1. to work ~

2. to go ~

undergraduate

n. a college, university ~

underground

adv. to go ~

undergrowth

n. 1. to clear the ~

2. dense, heavy; thick ~

3. in the ~

understand

v. 1. to ~ clearly, perfectly

2. (d; tr.) to ~ by (what do you ~ by this term?)

3. (H) I understood her to say that she would attend the

meeting

4. (K) I cannot ~ his behaving like that

5. (L) I ~ that you will be moving here soon

6. (Q) we do not ~ why she left

7. (misc.) they don't ~ anything about politics; she gave me to

~ that the bill would be paid

understanding

I adj. ~ about, of

II n. ['agreement'] 1. to arrive at, come to, reach an ~

2. a clear; secret; tacit; verbal; written ~

3. an ~ about; with (we reached a tacit ~ with them about the

matter)

4. an ~ to + inf. (to reach an ~ to keep a dispute out of the

newspapers)

5. an ~ that + clause (it was my ~ that we would share the

expenses)

6. on an ~ (we bought the supplies on the ~ that we would be

reimbursed) ['harmony'] ['comprehension']

7. to bring about, develop, promote ~

8. deeper; mutual ~

9. ~ between (to promote deeper ~ between nations; to develop

mutual ~)

understatement

n. 1. to make an ~

2. to go in for ~

3. (misc.) a masterpiece of ~; the ~ of the year

understood

adj. ~ that + clause (it was ~ that everyone would help)

undertake

v. (E) she undertook to complete the project in six months

undertaking

n. ['promise'] (esp. BE) 1. to give smb. an ~

2. an ~ to + inf. (an ~ to complete a project in six months)

['task, enterprise']

3. a joint; large-scale ~

underway

adv. to get smt. ~

underwear

n. thermal ~

underworld

n. in the ~

underwriter

n. an insurance ~

undeserving

adj. ~ of

undesirable

adj. 1. ~ to + inf. (it is ~ to raise taxes at this time)

2. ~ that + clause; subj. (it is ~ that they be/should be

present)

undeterred

adj. ~ by (~ by our advice)

undignified

adj. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ to behave like that)

undiminished

adj. ~ by; in (~ in stature)

undisturbed

adj. ~ by (~ by the commotion)

undoing

n. ['ruin'] to prove to be smb.'s ~ (alcohol proved to be his

~)

undone

adj. to come ~ (her necklace came ~)

undreamed, undreamt

adj. ~ of

uneasiness

n. 1. to cause ~

2. to allay one's ~

3. ~ about

uneasy

adj. ~ about

unemployed

n. ['unemployed people'] the hard-core ~

unemployment

n. 1. to cause, create ~

2. to eliminate; reduce ~

3. high; low; mounting; seasonal ~

unemployment compensation

n. 1. to pay ~

2. to draw, get, receive ~

3. to be on ~

4. to go on ~

5. to apply for ~

unemployment insurance

see unemployment compensation 1,2,5

unequal

adj. ~ to

unequaled

adj. ~ at, in

unerring

adj. (usu. does not stand alone) ~ in (~ in her judgment)

unessential

adj. ~ to

unethical

adj. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of them to do that)

unexcelled

adj. ~ in

unfair

adj. 1. ~ to (~ to certain groups)

2. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ to take advantage of the situation)

3. ~ that + clause (it's ~ that she has to work so hard)

unfaithful

adj. ~ in; to

unfaithfuiness

n. ~ in; to

unfamiliar

adj. ~ to; with (the area was ~ to me; I was ~ with the

situation)

unfamiliarity

n. ~ with (my ~ with the area)

unfasten

v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ from

2. (misc.) to come ~ed

unfavorable, unfavourable

adj. ~ to

unfed

adj. to go ~

unfeeling

adj. ~ towards

unfit

adj. 1. mentally, psychologically; physically ~

2. ~ for (~ for military service)

3. ~ to + inf. (~ to serve)

unfortunate

adj. 1. ~ for

2. ~ in

unfriendly

adj. ~ to, towards

ungrateful

adj. ~ for; to (he was ~ to us for our help)

unhappy

adj. 1. ~ about, at, over; in; with (she was ~ about/at/over the

news)

2. ~ to + inf. (she was ~ to learn the news)

3. ~ that + clause (we are ~ that you cannot visit us)

unharmed

adj. 1. to go ~

2. ~ by

unhealthy

adj. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ to smoke)

unheeded

adj. 1. to go ~ (his advice went ~)

2. ~ by

unheedful

adj. (cannot stand alone) ~ of (~ of threats)

unification

n. to achieve, bring about ~ (to achieve ~ of a country)

uniform

I adj. ~ in; with

II n. 1. to don, put on; wear a ~

2. to take off a ~

3. a dress, full-dress; fatigue; military; naval; nurse's;

parade; police; regulation ~

4. in ~; out of ~ (he was out of ~ when he was picked up by the

military police)

uniformity

n. ~ in

unify

v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ into (they were ~ied into one nation)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ with

unimportant

adj. ~ for; to

uninformed

adj. ~ about, of

uninterested

adj. ~ in (~ in politics)

uninvited

adj. to appear, show up, turn up ~

union

n. 1. to form a ~

2. to break up, dissolve a ~

3. a company; craft; credit; industrial; labor (AE), trade

(BE); postal; student ~

union shop

n. to introduce a ~

unique

adj. 1. ~ in

2. ~ to (~ to a certain area)

unison

n. in ~ with

unit

n. ['single constituent of a whole'] 1. a basic, primary ~

['military formation']

2. to activate; form a ~

3. to commit a ~ (to combat)

4. to deactivate; disband a ~

5. an advance, advanced; airborne; armored; combat;

crack, elite; mechanized, motorized; naval; tactical ~ (advance

armored ~s have reached the river) ['standard']

6. a message ~ (used for telephone calls)

7. a monetary ~ (the pound is the monetary ~ of Britain)

['single residence']

8. a rental ~ ['computer terminal'] a Visual Display Unit =

VDU (BE; AE has Video Display Terminal = VDT)

unite

v. 1. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ against (to ~ against aggression; to

~ one's allies against the common foe)

2. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ for (we must ~ for the common good;

the nation was ~d for the struggle against terrorism)

3. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ in (we must ~ in our struggle against

terrorism; to ~ a nation in the fight against inflation)

4. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ into (we had to ~ the competing

factions into a cohesive whole)

5. (D; intr.) to ~ with (our countries must ~ with each other

against the common enemy)

united

adj. ~ in

unity

n. 1. to achieve, bring about ~

2. to destroy, shatter ~

3. national ~ (to achieve national ~)

4. in ~ (in ~ there is strength)

universals

n. (ling.) linguistic ~

university

n. 1. to establish, found a ~

2. to go to a ~/to go to ~ (BE) (she goes to a good ~)

3. a free, open; people's ~

4. an Ivy-League (US); redbrick (GB); state (US) ~

5. at; in a ~ (to teach at a ~; there is a spirit of

cooperation at/in our ~) USAGE NOTE: In BE, one goes to

university or, as in AE, to a university. CE has only to go to a

good university. See the Usage Notes for college, school.

unjust

adj. 1. ~ of

2. ~ to

3. ~ to + int. (it was ~ of him to accuse you without proof)

4. ~ that + clause (it's ~ that our side of the story was never

heard)

unjustified

adj. 1. completely, totally ~

2. ~ in (she was ~ in complaining)

unkind

adj. 1. ~ of

2. ~ to

3. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of him to say that)

unknown

adj. ~ to (the facts were ~ to us)

unlawful

adj. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ to drive without a license)

unleash

v. (D; tr.) to ~ against, on (to ~ a new arms race on the world)

unlikely

adj. 1. (cannot stand alone) ~ to + inf. (they are ~ to accept

our invitation)

2. ~ that + clause (it's ~ that she will attend)

unload

v. (D; tr.) to ~ from (to ~ cargo from a ship)

unlucky

adj. 1. ~ at, in; for (~ at cards; ~ in love; ~ for some people)

2. ~ to + inf. (some people feel that it is ~ to walk under a

ladder)

unmarked

adj. ~ by

unmarred

adj. ~ by (the ceremony was ~ by any untoward incidents)

unmatched

adj. ~ by; in

unmerciful

adj. ~ to, towards

unmindful

adj. (cannot stand alone) ~ of (~ of danger)

unnamed

adj. to remain ~

unnatural

adj. 1. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ of parents to reject their own

children)

2. ~ that + clause (it's ~ that members of the same family

should fight so much)

unnecessary

adj. 1. ~ for

2. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ for us to wait)

3. ~ that + clause (it's ~ that you should get involved)

unnoticed

adj. to go, pass ~ (the incident went/ passed ~)

unobserved

adj. to go ~

unopposed

adj. ~ to

unorthodox

adj. ~ to + inf. (it is ~ to bypass the channels of command

in the army)

unparalleled

adj. ~ in ( ~ in ferocity)

unperturbed

adj. ~ by (she was ~ by the loud noise)

unpleasant

adj. 1. ~ to (he is ~ to everyone)

2. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ to talk to him = it's ~ talking to him =

he's ~ to talk to = he's an ~ person to talk to)

unprepared

adj. 1. ~ for

2. ~ to + inf. (I am unprepared to take on such a

responsibility)

unpunished

adj. 1. to go, remain ~ (the criminals went ~)

2. ~ for

unqualified

adj. 1. ~ for

2. ~ to + inf. (she is ~ to work as a teacher)

unrealistic

adj. ~ to + inf. (it is ~ to hope for an improvement so soon)

unreasonable

adj. 1. ~ of (that was ~ of you)

2. ~ to + inf. (it is ~ to demand that employees work without a

break)

unrecognized

adj. 1. to go, remain ~

2. ~ by

unreported

adj. to go ~ (the story went ~)

unresponsive

adj. ~ to

unrest

n.. 1. to foment, stir up ~

2. civil; labor; political; social ~

unrivaled, unrivalled

adj. ~ in

unsafe

adj. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ to drive without putting on seat belts)

unsaid

adj. to leave smt. ~

unsanctioned

adj. ~ by (~ by custom)

unsatisfactory

adj. 1. ~ in (they were ~ in their job performance)

2. ~ to (~ to all concerned)

unscathed

adj. to go ~

unschooled

adj. ~ in

unscrupulous

adj. 1. ~ in (~ in his business dealings)

2. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of their lawyer to withhold evidence)

unseemly

adj. (formal) ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of them to show up at the

reception without an invitation)

unseen

adj. to remain ~

unselfish

adj. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of her to make the offer)

unsettle

v. (R) it ~d me to see them quarrel

unsettling

adj. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ to see them quarrel)

unshakable

adj. ~ in (~ in one's faith)

unshaken

adj. ~ in (~ in one's beliefs)

unshaven

adj. to go ~ (he went ~ for a week)

unsightly

adj. ['not pleasing to the sight'] it was ~ to behold

unskilled

adj. ~ at, in

unsparing

adj. ~ of (~ of praise)

unspoiled, unspoilt

adj. ~ by (~ by success)

unstinting

adj. (cannot stand alone) ~ in (~ in one's praise)

unstuck

adj. ['ruined'] (slang) to come ~ (the whole scheme came ~)

unsuccessful

adj. ~ at, in; with

unsuitable

adj. ~ for

unsuited

adj. ~ to

unsure

adj. ~ of

unsurpassed

adj. 1. ~ at, in (~ at learning languages)

2. ~ by (~ by any competitor)

unsusceptible

adj. ~ to

unsuspicious

adj. ~ of

unswerving

adj. ~ in (~ in one's determination to stamp out corruption)

unsympathetic

adj. ~ to

untainted

adj. ~ by (~ by scandal)

untarnished

adj. ~ by

unthanked

adj. to go ~

unthinkable

adj. 1. ~ to + inf. (it would be ~ to build a house so close to

the river)

2. ~ that + clause (it is ~ that they would even make such an

offer)

untiring

adj. (usu. does not stand alone) ~ in (~ in one's efforts)

untold

adj. to remain ~ (the story remained ~ for years)

untouched

adj. ~ by

untreated

adj. to go, remain ~ (the disease went ~)

untroubled

adj. ~ by

untrue

adj. ~ to

untruth

n. to tell an ~

untruthful

adj. ~ about

untutored

adj. ~ in

untypical

adj. ~ of

unused

adj. ['unaccustomed'] (cannot stand alone) ~ to (they are ~

to hard work)

unusual

adj. 1. ~ to + inf. (it is ~ to see snow in this region; it's ~

for two world records to be set in/on one day)

2. ~ that + clause (it's ~ that two world records should be set

in/on one day)

unversed

adj. (cannot stand alone) ~ in (~ in the ways of big business)

unwarranted

adj. ~ by

unwavering

adj. ~ in (~ in one's support)

unwilling

adj. ~ to + inf. (she is ~ to participate)

unwillingness

n. an ~ to + inf. (everyone deplored their ~ to compromise)

unwise

adj. ~ to + inf. (it would be ~ to walk through the park at

midnight)

unworthy

adj. ~ of (~ of your help; such behavior is ~ of you)

unyielding

adj. ~ in (~ in one's demands)

up

adj. (cannot stand alone) ['abreast'] 1. ~ on (are you ~ on

the news?) ['dependent']

2. ~ to (the decision is ~ to you; it's ~ to you to decide;

it's ~ to you whether we go)

upbraid

v. (D; tr.) to ~ for (they ~ed him for his sloppy work)

upbringing

n. smb.'s family; religious ~

update

n. (colloq.) ['bringing up-to-date'] 1. to give an ~ on (I'll

give you an ~ on the situation)

2. an ~ on (here is an ~ on the situation)

up front

adv. ~ with ('candid with')

upgrade

v. (D; tr.) to ~ to (our legation was ~d to an embassy)

upheaval

n. 1. a violent ~

2. a political; social ~

upholstery

n. leather; plastic; vinyl ~

upkeep

n. ['cost of maintenance'] the ~ of, on (the ~ on this

machinery is very costly)

upper hand

n. ['control'] (colloq.) 1. to gain, get; have the ~

2. to lose the ~

3. the ~ in; over (we gained the ~ over them in that contest)

uprising

n. 1. to foment, incite an ~

2. to crush, put down, quell, an ~

3. an armed; peasant ~

4. an ~ against

uproar

n. 1. to create an ~

2. an ~ over

3. in an ~

uproot

v. (D; tr.) to ~ from (they were ~ed from their homes)

upset

I adj. 1. to get ~ about, over

2. ~ with (she was ~ with me about my expenses)

3. ~ to + inf. (she was ~ to learn of their attitude)

II n. ['unexpected victory'] (sports) to score an ~ over

III v. (R) it upset me to learn of their attitude

upsetting

adj. 1. ~ to (recent events have been very ~ to us)

2. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ to learn of their attitude)

upside down

adv. to turn smt. ~

upstanding

adj. (esp. BE) be ~ ('stand up') (be ~ for the judge; be ~ for

a toast)

uptake

n. ['comprehension'] (colloq.) (quick) on the ~

uptight

adj. (colloq.) ~ about upturn n. 1. a sharp ~

2. an ~ in (a sharp ~ in the economy)

upwards

adv. ~ of (~ of an hour) ('somewhat more than an hour')

uranium

n. enriched ~

urge

I n. 1. to feel an ~

2. to satisfy an ~

3. to control; stifle an ~

4. an irrepressible, irresistible, uncontrollable; natural;

sudden ~

5. an ~ to + inf. (she felt an ~ to respond)

II v. 1. to ~ forcefully, strongly

2. (H) she ~d me to accept the compromise

3. (L; subj.) we ~d that the bill be/should be passed

urgency

n. 1. ~ about, in (there is no ~ about this matter)

2. (misc.) a sense of ~

urgent

adj. ~ that + clause; subj. (it is ~ that they all be/should be

present)

urging

n. at smb.'s ~ (at our ~ they accepted the invitation)

urn

n. a burial; coffee ~

usable, useable

adj. ~ for

use

I /ju:s/ n. 1. to make ~ of

2. to put smt. to (good) ~

3. to find a ~ for

4. to lose; regain the ~ of (she lost the ~ of one arm)

5. to deny (the) ~ of (the visitors were denied ~ of the

library)

6. constant; daily; emergency; extensive; external; internal;

official; practical; universal; wide ~ (they made extensive ~ of

computers)

7. (legal) fair ~

8. ~ for (do you have any ~ for this old paper?)

9. ~ in (is there any ~ in trying again?)

10. ~ of (what's the ~ of worrying?)

11. for ~ (for official ~ only)

12. in ~ (the copying machine is in ~)

13. of ~ to (it was of no earthly ~ to us; can I be of any ~ to

you?)

14. (misc.) she has no ~ for them ('she dislikes them'); to

come into ~; to go out of ~ USAGE NOTE: The following

constructions are variants; the constructions with no

prepositions are colloquial-- is there any msc in trying again?-

-is there any use trying again? what's the use of worrying?--

what's the use worrying?

II /ju:z/ v. 1. to ~ widely

2. (D; tr.) to ~ as (she ~d the candlestick as a paperweight)

3. (D; tr.) to ~ for (let's ~ paper plates for the picnic)

4. (E; in positive sentences and neg. sentences with never this

verb is used only in the past tense to denote a former practice

or state; in interrogative sentences the infinitive of this verb

occurs with didn't, did not) she ~d to work there; there ~d to

be an open field here; she never ~d to work there; didn't he ~

to work here? USAGE NOTE: In neg. sentences with didn't, did

not, this verb occurs with the infinitive and, colloquially,

with the past tense--she didn't use/used to work there. In old-

fashioned BE, constructions such as the following may occur--

used she (not) to work there? she used not to work there.

used

I /ju:st/ adj. (cannot stand alone) ['accustomed'] to be; get

~ to (she is ~ to working hard; to get ~ to hard work)

II /ju:zd/ adj. ['employed'] ~ for (this machine is ~ for

making copies)

useful

adj. 1. ~ for, to (a combinatory dictionary is ~ for/to

students)

2. ~ for, in (computers are ~ in compiling statistics)

3. ~ to + int. (it's ~ to know several foreign languages when

you are traveling abroad = it's ~ knowing several foreign

languages when you are traveling abroad)

useless

adj. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ to try to convince her)

usher

v. 1. (d; tr.) to ~ into (they ~ed the guests into a large

waiting room)

2. (d; tr.) to ~ out of

3. (d; tr.) to ~ to (we were ~ed to our seats)

usual

adj. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ to ask for permission before visiting a

class)

usury

n. 1. to engage in, practice ~

2. to condemn; outlaw ~

utensils

n. cooking, kitchen ~

utility

n. ['company providing a public service'] a public ~

utilize

v. 1. to ~ fully

2. (D; tr.) to ~ for

utmost

n. ['maximum effort'] to do one's ~ (we did our ~ to help)

utter

v. (B) she ~ed a few words to them

utterance

n. a prophetic ~

U-turn

n. to make a ~

vacancy

n. 1. to create a ~

2. to fill a ~

3. (misc.) no ~ (the sign reads no vacancy)

vacation

n. ['period of rest'] (AE; CE has holiday) 1. to spend; take a

~

2. to be on; go on ~

3. an extended, long; paid; short ~

4. a spring; summer; winter ~

5. a ~ from

6. during a ~; on ~ (she was away on ~) ['period during which

a college or university is closed']

7. (BE) the long ~ USAGE NOTE: Soldiers and sailors go on

leave; civilians go on holiday (BE) or on vacation (AE). British

students go on holiday during the long vacation/vac.

vaccinate

v. (D; tr.) to ~ against (to ~ smb. against a disease)

vaccination

n. 1. to carry out, do a (mass) ~ (of the population)

2. (a) compulsory; mass ~

3. a ~ against (to carry out a mass ~ against tuberculosis)

vaccine

n. influenza; polio; Sabin; Salk; smallpox; tetanus; yellow-

fever ~

vacillate

v. (D; intr.) to ~ between; in

vacuum

n. 1. to create, produce a ~

2. to break; fill a ~

3. a partial ~

4. in a ~ (nothing can live in a~)

vague

adj. ~ about (she was ~ about her plans)

vain

adj. 1. ~ about (~ about one's appearance)

2. ~ to + inf. (it is ~ to protest)

3. (misc.) in ~ ('without success') (to work in ~); to take the

Lord's name in ~ ('to treat the Lord's name in a disrespectful

manner')

valedictory

n. ['farewell speech'] 1. to deliver, give a ~

2. (misc.) a ~ address

valid

adj. 1. ~ for (~ for one year)

2. ~ to + inf. (is it ~ to say that Olympic athletes are

amateurs?)

valise

n. to pack; unpack a ~

valley

n. 1. a ~ between (high mountains)

2. in a ~ (they live down in the ~)

valor, valour

n. 1. to demonstrate, display, show ~

2. uncommon ~

3. (misc.) the better part of ~

valuable

adj. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ to know languages if you work in an

export firm)

valuables

n. to check one's ~ (esp. AE)

value

I n. ['worth'] ['monetary, numerical worth'] 1. to attach ~

to

2. to place, put, set a ~ on

3. to acquire, take on ~

4. an absolute; book; cash; face; fair; intrinsic; nominal;

nuisance; numerical; strategic; token ~

5. (economics) surplus ~

6. (economics) present ~

7. a (market) ~ goes down; goes up

8. at a certain ~ (at face ~)

9. of ~ (a discovery of great ~) ['principles, qualities']

10. to cherish; foster ~s

11. enduring; moral; spiritual; traditional; uncorrupted ~s (to

return to traditional ~s)

12. middle-class; Victorian ~s

II v. 1. to ~ highly, very much

2. (d; tr.) to ~ as (to ~ smb. as a friend)

3. (d; tr.) to ~ at (to ~ a painting at five thousand pounds)

4. (D; tr.) to ~ for (to ~ smt. for sentimental reasons)

valve

n. ['device that permits flow'] 1. to grind ~s

2. a ball; butterfly; check; exhaust; gate; globe; needle;

safety; shunt; suction ~ ['membranous fold that permits body

fluids to flow in one direction'] (anat.)

3. a heart ~ (the patient has a defective heart ~)

van

I n. ['road vehicle'] 1. to drive a ~

2. a breakdown ~ (BE; AE has tow truck)

3. a delivery ~ (BE; AE has delivery truck)

4. a moving (AE), removal (BE) ~ ['rail vehicle']

5. a guard's ~ (BE; AE has caboose)

6. a luggage ~ (BE; AE has baggage car)

II n. ['vanguard'] in the ~

vandalism

n. to commit ~

vane

n. a weather ~

vanguard

n. in the ~

vanish

v. 1. to ~ completely

2. (D; intr.) to ~ from (to ~ from sight)

3. (D; intr.) to ~ into (to ~ into thin air)

vanity

n. to flatter, tickle smb.'s ~

vapor, vapour

n. to emit a ~

vapor trail, vapour trail

n. to leave a ~ (high flying aircraft leave ~s)

variable

n. (math.) a dependent; independent; random ~

variance

n. ['permission to bypass a regulation'] (legal) (US) 1. to

grant a ~

2. to apply for a ~

3. a zoning ~ ['disagreement']

4. at ~ with (a theory at ~ with the facts)

variation

n. ['deviation, change'] 1. (a) wide ~

2. ~ in ['modified repetition of a musical theme'] (mus.)

3. ~s on a theme

variety

n. 1. to add, lend ~ to

2. (a) wide ~

3. in a ~ of (in a ~ of roles)

varnish

n. 1. to apply ~

2. nail ~ (BE; AE has nail polish)

varsity

n. ['college or secondary-school team'] (AE) 1. to make ('be

selected to join') the ~

2. the junior ~

3. on the ~ (we play on the ~)

vary

v. 1. to ~ considerably, greatly

2. (D; intr.) to ~ between

3. (D; intr.) to ~ from; to (prices ~ from ten to fifteen

dollars)

4. (d; intr.) (to ~ in size; they ~ in their opinions)

vault

I n. 1. a bank ~

2. (misc.) to keep one's valuables in a ~

II v. (d; intr.) to ~ over (he ~ed over the bar)

veal

n. 1. to roast ~

2. roast ~

veer

v. (D; intr.) to ~ from; to (to ~ from one's course; to ~ to the

right)

veer away

v. (D; intr.) to ~ from

vegetables

n. 1. to grow ~

2. green; leafy; root ~

3. garden ~

4. cooked; raw; steamed; stir-fried ~

vegetation

n. dense, lush, rank ~

vehicle

n. ['conveyance'] 1. to drive, operate a ~

2. an all-purpose; amphibious; armored; half-tracked; motor;

passenger; recreational; re-entry; space ~

3. a hired (BE), rented, self-drive (BE) ~ ['means']

4. a ~ for (a ~ for spreading propaganda)

veil

n. 1. to draw a ~ (over)

2. to lift a ~

3. a bridal ~

4. (misc.) under a ~ of mystery

vein

n. ['blood vessel'] 1. to open a ~

2. the jugular ~

3. varicose ~s ['mood'] ['manner']

4. a gloomy; happy; humorous; lighter; melancholy; merry;

serious ~

5. in a certain ~ (let's continue our discussion in a lighter

~)

velocity

n. 1. to develop; gain; lose ~

2. muzzle ~

3. at a certain ~ (at the ~ of sound)

velvet

n. (misc.) as smooth as ~

vendetta

n. 1. to conduct, lead a ~

2. a personal ~

3. a ~ against

vending machine

n. to use a ~

vendor

n. a street ~

veneer

n. ['superficial gloss'] a thin ~

venerate

v. (D; tr.) to ~ for

veneration

n. 1. deep, profound ~

2. ~ for

Venetian blinds

n. 1. to close, shut; lower; open; raise ~

2. to install ~

vengeance

n. 1. to exact, take, wreak ~ on, upon

2. to vow ~

3. to seek ~ for

4. ~ for (to take ~ on smb. for smt.)

5. (misc.) with a ~ ('to an extreme degree') (it started

snowing with a ~)

venom

n. ['poison'] 1. to neutralize ~ ['malice']

2. to spew, spout ~

vent

n. ['outlet'] to give ~ to (he gave ~ to his pent-up feelings)

ventriloquism

n. to practice ~

venture

I n. 1. to undertake a ~

2. a business ~

3. (misc.) to join smb. in a ~

II v. (formal) (E) I ~ to suggest that your whole idea is

unworkable

venue

n. ['site of a trial'] a change of ~ (her lawyer requested a

change of ~)

veracity

n. to doubt smb.'s~

veranda

see porch 1,3

verb

n. 1. to conjugate, inflect; passivize a ~

2. an auxiliary, helping; compound, phrasal; copular (esp. BE),

copulative, linking; defective; irregular; main; modal; regular;

strong; weak ~

3. an active; passive ~

4. an intransitive; reflexive; transitive ~

5. an imperfective; perfective ~

6. ~s agree (with); ~s govern, take a case (a ~ agrees with the

subject in number)

7. a ~ has aspect; mood; tense; voice

8. ~s have complements; objects

verdict

n. 1. to arrive at, reach a ~

2. to announce; bring in, deliver, hand down, render, return a

~

3. to sustain ('uphold') a ~ (the higher court sustained the ~)

4. to overturn, quash, set aside a ~

5. to appeal a ~

6. a fair; unfair ~

7. an adverse, unfavorable; directed; favorable; sealed ~

8. a ~ of guilty; or: a guilty ~; a ~ of not guilty; a ~ for

the defendant; a ~ for the plaintiff (the jury brought in a ~ of

not guilty)

9. a ~ that + clause (they appealed the court's ~ that fraud

had been committed)

10. (misc.) to defy/ignore a ~

verge

I n. ['brink'] 1. on the ~ of (he was on the ~ of a nervous

breakdown)

2. (misc.) driven to the ~ of bankruptcy

II v. (d; intr.) to ~ on, upon (her actions ~d on the

ridiculous)

verify

v. (L) the police ~fied that she had an airtight alibi

vermin

n. 1. to exterminate ~

2. (misc.) infested with ~

vernacular

n. in the ~ (to express oneself in the ~)

versatile

adj. ~ at, in

versatility

n. 1. to demonstrate ~

2. ~ at, in

verse

n. 1. to compose, write; recite ~(s)

2. to scan ~

3. free; heroic; macaronic; rhymed, rhyming; unrhymed ~

4. in ~

5. (misc.) to cite/give/quote chapter and ~ ('to indicate one's

sources very precisely')

versed

adj. (cannot stand alone) ~ in

version

n. 1. to give one's ~ (of a story)

2. to corroborate smb.'s ~ (of an event)

3. an abridged, condensed; authorized, official; censored;

expurgated; unabridged, uncut; unauthorized, unofficial;

uncensored; unexpurgated; written ~ (an uncut ~ of a film)

4. a movie (AE); stage ~ (of a novel)

vertebra

n. a cervical; lumbar; sacral; thoracic ~

vessel

n. ['tube in the body'] 1. a blood ~ ['ship, boat']

2. to charter a ~

3. to launch a ~

4. a cargo; escort; oceangoing ~

vest

I n. (AE) a bulletproof (BE has bulletproof jacket); life (CE

has life jacket) ~ USAGE NOTE: In BE, the basic meaning of vest

is 'undershirt'; in AE, it is 'waistcoat'.

II v. (formal) 1. (d; tr.) to ~ in (to ~ power in smb.)

2. (d; tr.) to ~ with (to ~ smb. with power)

vested

adj. (cannot stand alone) 1. ~ in (the power to impose taxes is

~ in Congress)

2. ~ with (Congress is ~ with the power to impose taxes)

vestiges

n. ['traces'] 1. to lose all remaining ~ of

2. the last ~ of

veteran

n. a disabled; war (AE) ~ (to retrain disabled ~s) USAGE NOTE:

In BE, veteran means 'old soldier'; in AE, it means any former

serviceman or servicewoman, young or old.

veto

n. 1. to exercise, impose, use a ~

2. to sustain a ~

3. to override a ~ (Congress overrode the President's ~)

4. a pocket ~

5. (legal) a heckler's ~

6. a ~ of, over

vex

v. (formal) (R) it ~es me to read such things in the newspapers;

it ~es me that they are always late

vexed

adj. (formal) 1. deeply ~

2. ~ about, at, with (we were ~ at the mix-up)

3. ~ to + int. (they were ~ to learn of the delay)

vexing

adj. ~ to + inf. (it is ~ to read such things in the newspapers)

vice

I n. commercialized; legalized ~

II (BE) see vise

vidnity

n. 1. the close, immediate ~

2. in the ~ (in the immediate ~ of the school)

vidous

adj. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of him to make such an accusation)

vicissitude

n. the ~s of life victim n. 1. an innocent; unsuspecting ~ (of)

2. an accident; amnesia; earthquake; flood; hurricane; storm ~

3. (misc.) to fall ~ to

victory

n. 1. to achieve, gain, pull off (colloq.), score, win a ~

2. a clear, clear-cut, decisive, outright, resounding,

stunning; upset ~

3. a bloodless; cheap; glorious; hard-won; hollow; moral;

Pyrrhic; signal; sweeping ~

4. a ~ in; over (a ~ in a struggle; a ~ over an enemy)

5. (misc.) to snatch ~ from the jaws of defeat

videotape

n. to make a ~ (of)

vie

v. (formal) (d; intr.) to ~ against, with; for (she had to ~ for

the prize against very strong competition)

view

I n. ['opinion'] 1. to air, express, present, put forward,

voice a ~

2. to harbor, hold a ~

3. to advance, advocate a ~

4. to exchange ~s

5. to take a ~

6. a cheerful, optimistic, rosy; dim, grave, pessimistic ~ (she

took a dim ~ of the matter)

7. advanced; contrary; conservative; divergent; diverse;

liberal, progressive; modern; old-fashioned; outdated, outmoded;

philosophical; political; popular; radical; reactionary;

slanted; sound; strong; unpopular ~s

8. a ~ about, on

9. a ~ that + clause (they disputed my ~ that taxes should be

raised)

10. in smb.'s ~ (in my ~ the offer is unacceptable) ['sight']

11. to get a ~ of

12. to block smb.'s ~

13. a beautiful, breathtaking, magnificent, superb ~

14. a clear, unhampered, unimpaired ~

15. a bird's eye; close-up; full; full-length ~

16. in, within ~ (in full ~ of the public)

17. (misc.) to come into ~ ['perspective']

18. an exploded ~ ['what can be seen']

19. a rear ~

20. a ~ from (the ~ from the window)

21. (misc.) a room with a nice ~ (of the ocean) ['aim']

22. with a ~ (with a ~ to reestablishing diplomatic relations)

['misc.']

23. in ~ of ('in consideration of); a point of ~

II v. (d;tr.) to ~ as (she was ~ed as a serious threat to the

party leadership)

viewpoint

n. 1. a ~ that + clause (he explained his ~ that taxes should be

increased)

2. from smb.'s ~

vigil

n. 1. to hold a ~; to keep (a) ~

2. an all-night ~

3. a ~ over

vigilance

n. 1. to display, show; exercise ~

2. eternal ~

vigor, vigour

n. 1. to regain one's ~

2. to lose one's ~

3. to sap smb.'s ~

4. the ~ to + inf. (does he have enough ~ to get everything

done?)

vile

adj. (formal) ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of them to issue such a

statement)

village

n. a farming (esp. AE); fishing ~ (see the Usage Note for town)

village green

n. on the ~

villain

n. an arch, consummate ~ USAGE NOTE: In AE, villain is mostly

literary or humorous; in BE slang, it still means 'criminal'.

vim

n. ['energy'] with ~ and vigor; full of ~ and vigor

vindicate

v. (B) ('to justify') can you ~ your actions to us?

vindictive

adj. ~ of (that was ~ of him)

vinegar

n. apple; cider; wine ~

vintage

n. ['period'] 1. of a certain ~ (a mansion of prewar ~; a car

of ancient ~)

2. (misc.) a ~ wine

viola

n. to play the ~

violation

n. 1. to commit a ~

2. a brazen, flagrant; minor ~

3. a moving ~ (by a motorist)

4. in ~ of (he acted in ~ of the law)

violence

n. ['devastating force'] 1. to resort to, use ~

2. excessive ~

3. an act of ~

4. ~ against ['distortion'] ['harm']

5. to do ~ to (the decision does ~ to our whole judicial

tradition) ['rioting']

6. communal; continuing; racial; sporadic ~

7. ~ breaks out

violin

n. 1. to play the ~

2. to string; tune a ~

virgin

n. a vestal ~ (historical)

virtue

n. ['admirable feature'] ['moral excellence'] 1. to have a ~

(our budget has the ~ of providing for a small surplus)

2. a cardinal ~

3. (misc.) a paragon of ~ ['misc.']

4. by ~ of ('because of); of easy ~ (old-fashioned) ('sexually

promiscuous'); to make a ~ of necessity ('to make the best of

smt. bad')

virus

n. an influenza; intestinal ~

visa

n. 1. to grant, issue a ~

2. to extend; renew a ~

3. to get, receive a ~

4. to apply for a ~

5. to overstay; violate a ~

6. to deny smb. a ~

7. to cancel a ~

8. an entry; exit; student; tourist; transit ~

vise, vice

n. ['tool for holding an object being worked on'] 1. to

loosen; tighten a ~

2. in a ~ USAGE NOTE: The AE form is vise; the BE form is vice.

visibility

n. ['degree of being visible'] 1. good; limited, poor;

marginal; unlimited; zero ~ (all planes were grounded because of

poor ~) ['exposure to publicity']

2. high; low; maximum ~

visible

adj. 1. clearly, plainly ~

2. ~ to (~ to the naked eye)

vision

n. ['sight'] 1. acute; blurred; dim; double; impaired; keen;

normal; peripheral; tunnel ~

2. (misc.) a field of ~; a ~ of the future ['foresight']

3. the ~ to + inf. (she had the ~ to make wise investments

several years ago)

4. of ~ (a person of great ~)

5. (misc.) tunnel ~ ('narrow horizons')

visit

I n. 1. to make, pay; schedule a ~ to

2. to cancel; cut short a ~

3. a flying ('very short'); formal; friendly; informal;

official; return; state; unscheduled; weekend ~

4. a ~ to (this is my first ~ to your country)

5. on a ~ (on a ~ to South America)

II v. 1. (obsol. and formal) (d; tr.) to ~ on (the Lord's anger

was ~ed on the people)

2. (AE) (d; intr.) to ~ with (we ~ed with several friends)

visitor

n. 1. a frequent ~

2. a weekend ~

3. (BE) a prison ~

4. (BE) a health ~ (AE has public-health nurse)

5. a ~ from (~s from abroad)

6. a ~ to (~s to our city)

vista

n. ['view'] 1. to open up new ~s (of the future)

2. a broad, wide ~

visual aids

n. to employ, use ~

visualize

v. 1. (d; tr.) to ~ as (I cannot ~ him as a famous star)

2. (J) I cannot ~ him becoming a famous star

3. (K) I cannot ~ his becoming a famous star

vital

adj. 1. ~ for, to (their aid is ~ to our success)

2. ~ to + inf. (it is ~ to be prepared for any eventuality)

3. ~ that + clause; subj. (it is ~ that we be/ should be kept

informed of all developments)

vital signs

n. to check, take smb.'s ~

vital statistics

n. to gather; record; report ~

vitamins

n. to take ~

vocabulary

n. 1. to command a ~

2. to build, develop, enlarge one's ~

3. an extensive, huge, large, rich ~

4. a meager, restricted, small ~

5. a basic; technical ~

6. an active; passive ~

vocation

n. to have missed one's ~ ('not to have chosen an occupation or

vocation at which one is particularly adept')

vogue

n. ['popularity'] ['current fashion'] 1. to be the ~ (home

computers are the latest ~)

2. to be in ~; to come into ~; to have a ~ (BE)

3. to go out of ~

4. the current; latest ~

5. (misc.) to be all the

voice

n. ['sound produced by vocal cords'] 1. to raise one's ~

2. to drop, lower one's ~

3. to lose one's ~4. a clear; deep; firm, steady; gentle, soft;

gruff, harsh, raucous; guttural; high-pitched; hoarse; husky;

loud; low, low-pitched; mellifluous, melodious; mellow;

metallic; quaking, quivering, shaking, shaky, trembling;

resonant; rich; shrill; stentorian; strident; subdued;

thundering ~

5. a ~ breaks, cracks; changes; drops, falls; quivers, shakes,

trembles

6. in a certain ~ (in a loud ~)

7. (misc.) (to shout) at the top of one's ~ ['expression']

8. to give ~ to ['verbal form indicating the relation of the

verb to its subject']

9. the active; middle; passive ~ ['misc.']

10. an inner ~ ('conscience'); the ~ of reason

void

I adj. ['devoid'] (cannot stand alone) ~ of

II n. to fill a ~

volcano

n. 1. an active; dead, extinct; dormant; intermittent ~

2. ~s erupt

volition

n. ['act of choosing'] of, on one's own ~ (they agreed of

their own ~; to act on one's own

volley

n. ['simultaneous discharge of weapons'] 1. to fire a ~

['tennis ball in flight']

2. (to hit a ball) on the ~

volleyball

n. to play ~

voltage

n. 1. to step up (the) ~

2. high; low ~

3. (misc.) a ~ surge

volume

n. ['loudness'] 1. to amplify; increase, turn up the ~

2. to decrease, turn down the ~ ['space occupied in three

dimensions']

3. molecular ~ ['book']

4. a rare ~

5. a companion ~ (this work is a companion ~ to our first

dictionary)

6. (misc.) to speak ~s ('to imply a lot') (a single glance can

speak ~s)

volunteer

I n. to recruit ~s

II v. 1. (D; intr.) to ~ as (to ~ as a tutor)

2. (D; intr.) to ~ for (who will ~ for this job?)

3. (E) she ~ed to water our plants

vomiting

n. to cause, induce ~

voodoo, voodooism

n. to practice ~

vortex

n. to draw into a ~

vote

I n. ['collective opinion as determined by voting'] 1. to take

a ~ on (a motion)

2. to put a motion to a ~; to bring a motion to a ~

3. to influence, swing a ~ (recent events swung the ~ in our

favor; the press can influence the ~)

4. to count, tally the ~

5. a close; lopsided; solid; unanimous ~

6. a rising; straw; voice; write-in ~

7. a ~ on (a ~ on an issue)

8. (esp. BE) a ~ to + int. (we took a ~ to adjourn)

9. by a ~ (by a unanimous ~)

10. (misc.) a ~ of censure; confidence; no-confidence; thanks

['individual expression of opinion, ballot']

11. to cast a ~

12. to change, switch one's ~

13. to get, receive smb.^s ~ (you'll never get my ~)

14. the deciding ~ (to cast the deciding ~)

15. a write-in ~

16. a ~ against; for; on (to cast a ~ for a proposal)

17. the ~s to + inf. (we have enough ~s to carry the state)

['group of voters']

18. the conservative; floating (BE) ('unattached');

independent; labor; liberal; undecided ~ ['voters as a group']

19. to deliver the ~(s); to get out the ~ (the party machine

delivered the ~s; a series of interesting debates helped to get

out the ~)

20. a heavy; light ~ ['right to vote, franchise, suffrage']

21. to get, receive the ~ (in some countries women got the ~

after World War I)

II v. 1.(C;usu. used without /or) Congress ~d him a pension

2. (D; intr.) to ~ against; for (to ~ against a bill)

3. (d; tr.) to ~ into (to ~ smb. into office)

4. (D; intr.) to ~ on, upon (to ~ on a resolution)

5. (d; tr.) to ~ out of (to ~ smb. out of office)

6. (E) the committee ~d to approve the report

7. (L; subj.) Parliament ~d that the allocation be/should be

reduced

8. (N; used with an adjective, noun) she was ~d the most likely

to succeed

9. (misc.) to ~ by a show of hands

voter

n. 1. an absentee; floating (BE) ('unattached'); independent;

registered ~

2. a ~ registers (to vote)

voting

n. 1. absentee; bloc ~

2. (misc.) ~ irregularities

voting lists

n. to tamper with ~

vouch

v. (d; intr.) to ~ for (I can ~ for the truth of her statement)

voucher

n. a gift (BE); hotel; luncheon (BE; AE has meal ticket);

tuition (AE) ~

vouchsafe

v. (formal) (E) ('to condescend') she ~d to help

vow

I n. 1. to make, take a ~

2. to keep one's ~

3. to break, violate a ~

4. a formal, solemn ~

5. clerical; marriage; monastic; religious ~s (priests take

religious ~s)

6. a ~ to + inf. (she made a solemn ~ not to smoke again)

7. a ~ that + clause (we took a ~ that we would always help

each other)

8. (misc.) to exchange; renew marriage ~s

II v. l.(E)she~edtoreturn2.(L; to) I ~ed (to them) that he would

be avenged

vowel

n. a back; closed; front; high; lax; long; middle; nasal; open;

reduced; rounded; short; stressed; tense; unstressed ~

voyage

n. ['journey by water'] 1. to go on a ~

2. a long; maiden; ocean, sea; round-the-world ~

3. a ~ to (a ~ to the islands)

V sign

n. to give, make the ~

vulgar

adj. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ to spit in public)

vulnerable

adj. ~ to

vulture

n. ~s feed on carrion

vying

see vie

wad

n. (slang) (AE) ['amount that one has available'] to shoot

('spend') one's ~

wade

v. 1. (d; intr.) to ~ across (to ~ across a stream)

2. (d; intr.) to ~ into (to ~ into a river)

3. (d; intr.) to ~ into ('to attack') (the speaker ~d into the

opposing candidate)

4. (d; intr.) to ~ through (to ~ through deep water)

5. (d; intr.) to ~ through ('to read through with difficulty')

(to ~ through a long report)

wage

I n. 1. to draw, earn a ~

2. to pay a ~

3. to freeze ~s

4. a decent, living; minimum; subsistence ~ (to pay workers a

decent ~)

5. an annual, yearly; daily; hourly; monthly; weekly ~

II v. (D;tr.) to ~ against (to ~ a campaign against smoking)

wage bracket

n. in a ~

wager

I n. 1. to lay, make, place a ~ on

2. a ~ that + clause (she made a ~ that her team would win)

II v. 1. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ on (did you ~ much money on that

horse?)

2. (0; can be used with one, two, or three objects) we ~ed him

ten dollars; we ~ed ten dollars; we ~ed him ten dollars that it

would rain

wages

n. l. see wage I

2. starvation ~

waggon

(BE) see wagon

wagon

n. 1. a station ~ (AE; BE has estate car)

2. a tea ~ (AE; BE has tea trolley)

3. (esp. AE) a paddy, patrol ~

4. (AE) a welcome ~ ('a car sent with gifts from local

merchants to a family that has just moved into a neighborhood')

5. a Conestoga; covered ~

6. a goods ~ (BE; AE has freight car)

7. (colloq.) (AE) a chuck ('food') ~ (on a ranch)

8. (misc.) on the ~ ('pledged not to drink alcoholic

beverages')

waist

n. 1. a slender, slim ~

2. around, round the ~ (she wore a belt around her ~)

wait

I n. 1. to lie in ~ for

2. to have a (long) ~ for (we had a long ~ for the bus)

II v. 1. (BE) (d; intr.) to ~ at (to ~ at table) (cf. 3)

2. (D; intr.) to ~ for (they ~ed for me; they ~ed for me to

leave)

3. (AE) (d; intr.) to ~ on (to ~ on tables) (cf. 1)

4. (d; intr.) to ~ on, upon ('to attend to') (to ~ on smb. hand

and foot)

5. (E) we are ~ing to go

6. (misc.) to keep smb. ~ing; they ~ed until she returned

wait for

v. (H; no passive) we ~ed for them to leave

waiting

n. (GB; on a traffic sign) no ~ (US has no standing or no

stopping)

waiting list

n. on a ~

wait up

v. (D; intr.) to ~ for (they ~ed up for him until he returned)

waiver

n. to agree to, sign a ~

wake

I n. ['vigil over a corpse'] to hold a ~

II n. ['aftermath'] in the ~ (of) (war brings misery in its ~;

in the ~ of explorers came settlers)

III v. 1. (d; intr.) to ~ to (they woke to the sounds of music)

2. (d; intr.) (E) (they woke to find themselves surrounded by

the enemy)

3. (s) I woke refreshed

wake up

v. 1. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ from, out of (to ~ out of a sound

sleep)

2. (d; intr.) to ~ to (to ~ to the danger of inflation)

3. (E) I woke up to find the house on fire

walk

I n. ['journey by foot'] 1. to have (BE), take a ~

2. to take smb. for a ~ (BE also has: to take smb. a long ~

round the grounds)

3. to go for, go on a ~

4. a brisk; easy; leisurely; long; nature; short ~ (to take a

brisk ~)

5. a ~ from; to (we took a ~ from our house to the center of

town; it's an easy ~ from here to school) ['profession']

['class']

6. from every ~ of life

II v. 1. to ~ fast; slow

2. (d; intr.) to ~ across (to ~ across the street)

3. (d; intr.) to ~ along (to ~ along a river bank)

4. (d; intr.) to ~ around, round (to ~ around a house)

5. (d; intr.) to ~ by, past (to ~ past the library)

6. (d; intr.) to ~ down (to ~ down the street)

7. (D; intr.) to ~ from; to (we ~ed from the park to the

station)

8. (d; intr.) to ~ into (to ~ into a room; to ~ into an ambush)

9. (d; intr.) to ~ on, over (don't ~ on the wet floor!)

10. (d; intr.) to ~ out of (to ~ out of a meeting)

11. (d; intr.) to ~ (all) over ('to treat badly') (they ~ed all

over us)

12. (d; intr.) to ~ through (to ~ through the park; to ~

through a puddle)

13. (d; tr.) to ~ through ('to help with smt. complicated')

(she ~ed me through the procedure)

14. (misc.) she ~ed her dog in the park; they ~ed off the job

in protest against the long hours

walk away

v. 1. (D; intr.) to ~ from (he ~ed away from me without saying

a word; to ~ from an accident) ('to survive an accident unhurt')

2. (d; intr.) to ~ with ('to win') (she ~ed away with all the

top prizes)

walker

n. a tightrope ~

walk in

v. (d; intr.) to ~ on ('to come across unexpectedly') (I ~ed in

on an interesting scene)

walking papers

n. (colloq.) (AE) ['notice of dismissal'] to give smb. her/his

~ (BE has marching orders)

walk off

v. (d; intr.) to ~ with ('to win') (she ~ed off with the first

prize)

walkout

n. 1. to stage a ~

2. to end a ~

3. a sympathy ~

v. (D; intr.) to ~ on ('to leave') (she ~ed out on her husband)

walk over

v. (d; intr.) to ~ to (he ~ed over to her table)

walk up

v. (d;intr.) to ~ to (I ~ed up to them and said a few words)

wall

n. 1. to build, erect, put up a ~

2. to demolish, tear down a ~

3. to climb, scale a ~

4. to paint; panel; paper ~s

5. to line ~s (to line ~s with bookshelves)

6. a high; low ~

7. a brick; fire; inside; outside; retaining ~; seawall; stone;

supporting ~

8. (also fig.) a ~ between (the ~ between church and state)

9. against the ~ (they were lined up/ stood up against the ~

and shot)

10. (misc.) we had our backs to the ~ ('we were in a desperate

situation'); (slang) to drive smb. up the ~ ('to frustrate smb.

completely')

wallet

n. 1. a leather ~

2. (misc.) his ~ was bulging with banknotes

wall off

v. (D; tr.) to ~ from

wallop

n. (colloq.) ['force'] to pack a ~ (the winds packed a real ~)

wallow

v. (d; intr.) to ~ in (to ~ in the mud)

wallpaper

n. 1. to hang ~

2. a roll of ~

waltz

v. (colloq.) (d; intr.) to ~ through ('to complete with ease')

(she just ~ed through the test)

wand

n. 1. to wave a ~

2. a magic ~

wander

v. (d; intr.) ('to stray') to ~ from (to ~ from the subject)

wander away

v. (D; intr.) to ~ from (the children ~ed away from their

parents)

wanderer

n. a homeless ~

wane

I n. ['decrease'] ['period of decrease'] on the ~ (the moon

is on the ~)

II v. 1. (D; intr.) to ~ into (to ~ into insignificance)

2. (misc.) to wax and ~

wangle

v. (colloq.) (C) could you ~ an invitation for me? or: could you

~ me an invitation?

want

I n. ['need'] 1. to fill, meet, satisfy a ~

2. to minister to smb.'s ~s

3. for ~ of (to die for ~ of medical care)

4. in ~ of (in ~ of a job) ['poverty']

5. in ~ (to live in ~)

II v. 1. to ~ badly, desperately, very much (they ~ed very badly

to see us)

2. (d; intr.) to ~ for ('to be in need of) (they will never ~

for anything)

3. (D; tr.) ('to seek') to ~ for (he is ~ed for murder in three

states)

4. (D; tr.) ('to desire') to ~ for (we ~ you for our team)

5. (E) ('to desire') I ~ to help

6. (BE) (G) ('to be in need of) your shirts ~ mending; the house

~s painting; her hair ~s cutting

7. (H; no passive) ('to desire') they ~ us to finish the job in

two weeks

8. (colloq.) (J) I ~ them singing in tune!

9. (colloq.) (M) ('to desire') I ~ them to be kept busy at all

times

10. (N; used with an adjective, past participle) ('to desire')

we ~ the troublemakers removed; I ~ them ready in one hour; she

~s the house painted tomorrow

want ad

n. (colloq.) (esp. AE) 1. to place a ~

2. to answer a ~

3. to follow, read the ~s

wanted

adj. ['sought'] 1. ~ by (~ by the police)

2. ~ for (~ for murder)

wanting

adj. ['deficient'] 1. ~ in

2. (misc.) to be found ~

war

I n. 1. to conduct, fight, wage ~ against, with

2. to make ~

3. to declare ~ on; to go to ~ over

4. to escalate, step up a ~

5. to lose; win a ~

6. to ban, outlaw ~

7. to end a ~

8. an all-out, full-scale, total; global, world ~

9. a civil; cold; defensive; holy; hot, shooting; limited,

local; offensive; revolutionary; world ~

10. an atomic, nuclear, thermonuclear; conventional ~; star ~s

11. a gang; price ~

12. a ~ of aggression; attrition; extermination; nerves

13. a ~ breaks out; rages; spreads (the ~ spread to the Balkans)

14. an act of ~

15. a ~ against; between (a ~ against an aggressor; a ~ between

former allies)

16. at ~ with (to be at ~ with one's neighbors)

17. (misc.) a theater of ~; a state of ~ (to be in a state of ~

with a country)

II v. 1. (d; intr.) to ~ against, with (to ~ with one's

neighbors)

2. (d; intr.) to ~ over (to ~ over disputed territory)

war clouds

n. ~ gather

war crime

n. 1. to commit a ~

2. to prosecute ~s

ward

n. ['hospital room'] 1. an emergency; maternity, obstetrics;

pediatrics; private (BE) ('not under the National Health

Service') ~

2. in, on a ~ (to work in the emergency ~; who works in/on this

~?)

warden

n. 1. a prison ~ (AE; BE has governor)

2. (BE) a traffic ~

3. an air-raid ~ USAGE NOTE: An AE prison warden should not be

confused with a BE prison warder, who in AE is a prison guard.

wardrobe

n. ['clothes'] 1. an autumn (esp. BE), fall (ae); spring;

summer; winter ~

2. (misc.) I bought a whole new ~ for the cruise

warehouse

n. a bonded ~

wares

n. to hawk, peddle one's ~

warfare

n. armored; atomic, nuclear; biological; chemical; conventional;

desert; economic; germ; global; guerrilla; jungle; modern;

naval; psychological; push-button; trench ~

war games

n. to hold, stage ~

warhead

n. a nuclear ~

warm

v. (d; intr.) to ~ to ('to begin to like') (I was just ~ing to

the task)

warm front

n. a ~ approaches; forms

warmth

n. body ~

warm up

v. 1. (D; intr.) to ~ for (the players were ~ing up for the game)

2. (d; intr.) to ~ to (after a few drinks he ~ed up to the other

guests)

warn

v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ about, against, of (they ~ed me about his

bad temper; I ~ed him against driving on ice; the police ~ed us

of the pickpockets)

2. (H) they ~ed him to be careful; I ~ed her not to go

3. (L; may have an object) she ~ed (us) that the winter would be

severe

warning

n. 1. to give, issue, send; shout a ~

2. to heed; receive a ~

3. an advance; cryptic; dire; tacit ~

4. a storm ~

5. a ~ to (a ~ to all; let this be a ~ to you)

6. a ~ to + inf. (a ~ to watch out for pickpockets)

7. a ~ that + clause (they issued a ~ that the escaped criminals

were dangerous)

8.' without ~

warpath

n. (usu. colloq. and humorous) 1. to go on the ~

2. to be on the ~ (they are on the ~ again)

warrant

I n. 1. to issue a ~ (the court issued a search ~)

2. to swear out a ~ against smb.

3. to serve a ~ on (a ~ was served on her)

4. an arrest; bench; death; search ~ (to sign smb.'s death ~)

(also fig.)

5. a ~ to + inf. (the police have a ~ to search the house)

6. (misc.) a ~ is out for his arrest

II v. 1. (K) ('to justify') nothing ~ed his behaving like that

2. (L) ('to guarantee') I cannot ~ that the coins are genuine

3. (formal and rare) (M) I cannot ~ the coins to be genuine

warranty

n. 1. to give a ~

2. an implied; limited; special ~

3. a ~ expires, runs out

4. a ~ on (a two-year ~ on a new car)

5. under ~ (the new car is still under ~)

warren

n. a rabbit ~

warship

n. 1. to commission; launch a ~

2. to command a ~

wart

n. to remove a ~

wartime

n. during, in ~

wary

adj. ~ of (be ~ of strangers)

wash

I n. ['laundry'] 1. to do the ~

2. to hang out the ~

3. the weekly ~ ['installation for washing']

4. a car ~

II v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ for (would you please ~ the dishes for

me?)

2. (misc.) to be ~ed overboard USAGE NOTE: In AE, to wash up

means 'to wash one's hands and face'; in BE, it means 'to do the

dishes'.

washcloth

n. 1. to soap up a ~

2. to wring out a ~

wash down

v. (D; tr.) to ~ with (to ~ a meal with a glass of beer)

washing machine

n. to run, use a ~

wasp

n. ~s sting

waste

n. 1. to cause ~

2. to cut down on ~

3. hazardous; nuclear; radioactive; solid; toxic ~s

4. (misc.) to go to ~ ('to be wasted'); to lay ~ to ('to

destroy'); a terrible ~ of time and money

wasteful

adj. 1. ~ of (~ of natural resources)

2. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ to use so much fuel)

wasteland

n. 1. to reclaim ~

2. a desolate ~

watch

I n. ['timepiece'] 1. to set; wind (up) a ~

2. to synchronize ~es

3. a pocket; self-winding; waterproof; wrist ~

4. an analog; digital ~

5. a ~ is fast; right; slow

6. a ~ goes; keeps time; runs down; stops ['surveillance']

7. to keep, maintain a ~ on

8. a close ~

9. on the ~ for (to be on the ~ for bargains) ['sailor's

duty']

10. to stand ~

11. on ~ (several sailors were on ~) ['auxiliary police']

(esp. AE)

12. a crime; town ~ ['preliminary warning'] (esp. AE)

13. a storm ~

II v. 1.(d; intr.) to ~ for (to ~ for the postman)

2. (d; intr.) to ~ over (to ~ over one's property)

3. (I) we ~ed them enter the auditorium

4. (J) we ~ed them entering the auditorium

5. (0) ~ how it's done

watcher

n. ['observer'] a China (colloq.); Kremlin (colloq.); poll ~

watching

n. ['observation'] 1. to bear ~ (his activities bear ~) ('his

activities should be watched') ['act of watching']

2. bird ~

watchman

n. a night ~

watch out

v. 1. (D; intr.) to ~ for

2. (esp. AE) (L; used in the imper.) ~ that she doesn't fool you

water

I n. 1. to draw, run ~ (for a bath)

2. to add ~

3. to drink; sip ~

4. to pour; spill ~

5. to splash; sprinkle; squirt ~ on

6. to boil, sterilize; chlorinate; distill; filter; fluoridate;

purify; soften ~

7. to drain ~ from

8. to pollute ~

9. boiling; carbonated; clear; cold; contaminated, polluted;

distilled; drinking, potable; fresh; hard; heavy; holy; hot;

ice; mineral; murky; rain; rose; running; safe; salt; salty;

sea; soda; soft; stagnant; tepid; warm ~

10. ~ boils; evaporates; flows, pours, runs; freezes; leaks;

oozes; rises; vaporizes

11. a body of ~

12. by ~ (to travel by ~)

13. under ~ (after the flood our basement was under ~)

14. (misc.) to make/pass ~ ('to urinate'); to hold ~ ('to be

valid') (your theory doesn't hold ~); to tread ~ (when

swimming); ~ under the bridge ('past events that are done

with'); to pour cold ~ on ('to discourage'); to keep one's head

above ~ ('to keep out of difficulty'); toilet ~ ('liquid used as

a skin freshener')

II v. (misc.) to make smb.'s mouth ~ ('to create a desire or

appetite in smb.'); her mouth ~s at the sight of popcorn

watercolors

n. to paint in ~

waterfront

n. along, on the ~

waters

n. 1. flood ~ (the flood ~ receded)

2. coastal; international; navigable; territorial ~

3. in ~ (the ship was in international ~)

4. (misc.) to fish in muddy/troubled ~ ('to attempt to stir up

trouble'); to take the ~ ('to take a water cure')

water table

n. the ~ is high; low

waterway

n. an inland ~

waterworks

n. a municipal ~

wave

I n. ['moving ridge on the surface of water']

1. a high, tall; mountainous ~

2. a tidal ~

3. ~s break (on the rocks); crest ['upsurge']

4. a crime ~ ['physical disturbance that is transmitted in the

propagation of sound or light']

5. light; radio; sound; transverse ~s

6. long; medium; short ~s ['brain rhythm']

7. an alpha; brain ~ ['period of weather']

8. a cold; heat ~ ['reaction']

9. a shock ~ ['waviness _of the hair']

10. a permanent ~ USAGE NOTE: In colloq. BE, a brain wave can

also mean a 'sudden bright idea', which in AE is a brainstorm.

In colloq. BE, a brainstorm is a 'sudden mental aberration'.

However, the verb to brainstorm (as in a brainstorming session)

is now CE.

II v. 1. (A) ~ goodbye to them; or: ~ them goodbye

2. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ at, to (~ to them; she ~d her arm at me)

wave back

v. (D;intr.)to ~ at, to (she ~d back at/ to us)

wavelength

n. ['manner of thinking'] (colloq.) to be on the same ~; to

operate on different ~s

waver

v. (D; intr.) to ~ between (to ~ between two possibilities)

wax

I n. sealing ~

II v. 1. (s) ('to become') to ~ indignant; to ~ eloquent over

('to express one's enthusiasm concerning')

2. (misc.) to ~ and wane

way

n. ['path, route'] 1. to blaze, clear, pave, prepare; smoothe

the ~ for (to pave the ~ for reform)

2. to take the (easy) ~ (out of a difficult situation)

3. to lead; point, show the ~

4. to edge; elbow; fight; force; hack; jostle; make; muscle;

push; shove; squeeze; thread; tunnel; wedge; work one's ~

through; to (to elbow one's ~ through a crowd; the battalion

fought its ~ through enemy lines to the coast; he pushed his ~

through the mob; to shove one's ~ through the revelers; we made

our ~ to the door; to tunnel one's ~ to freedom)

5. to twist; wend, wind one's ~ (the river winds its ~ to the

sea)

6. to find one's ~

7. to worm one's ~ (into smb.'s confidence)

8. to know the ~ to (do you know the ~ to the station?)

9. to lose one's ~

10. (BE) a permanent ~ ('a railroad track')

11. the ~ from; to (he kept chattering all the ~ from our house

to the airport)

12. the ~ into, to (the ~ into the park; can you show me the ~

to the station?)

13. the ~ out of (the ~ out of the city; show me the ~ out of

this building; there is no easy ~ out of this mess)

14. on the ~ (a letter is on the ~; she is on her ~ to the

airport)

15. (misc.) to work one's ~ through college; out of harm's ~; to

make one's ~ in life; to see one's ~ clear to do smt.; they went

their separate ~s; to come to a parting of the ~s; by ~ of

('via'); to go the ~ of all flesh ('to be mortal'); to know

one's ~ around ('to be familiar with procedures') ['room for

movement']

16. to make ~ for

17. in the ~ (to be/stand in the ~; to get in smb.'s ~)

18. out of the ~ (to get out of the ~) ['progress']

19. under ~ (an investigation is under ~) ['distance']

20. to come; go a long ~ ['direction']

21. this ~; that ~; the other ~ (she went that ~; please step

this ~; they went the other ~) ['aspect, respect']

22. in a certain ~ (in every ~; in no ~; in more ~s than one)

('manner, method']

23. to find a ~ (they found a ~ to spend less money on

electricity)

24. the proper, right; wrong ~

25. charming, winsome ~s

26. that; this ~ (do it this ~)

27. the ~ to + int. (show me the ~ to work this washing machine;

that's the ~ to do it; there is no easy ~ to learn a new

language)

28. in a certain ~ (in her own ~; in such a ~ that...; in a

small ~)

29. (misc.) to my ~ of thinking; to mend one's ~s; to fall into

evil ~s ['purpose']

30. by ~ of (by ~ of apology; by ~ of example; by ~ of

illustration) ['effective manner']

31. to have a ~ with (she has a ~ with children) ['goal']

32. to get, have one's ~ (she always gets her ~) ['misc.']

33. to make one's ~ in the world; to get under ~ ('to start

out'); in a ~ ('to some degree'); to go out of one's ~ ('to make

a special effort'); to give ~ ('to collapse'); to pay one's own

~ ('to pay for oneself); to be in the family ~ ('to be

pregnant'); by the ~ ('incidentally'); on the ~ out ('becoming

obsolescent'); there are no two ~s about it ('it is definitely

true'); out our ~ ('where we live'); we are in a fair ~ to get

our new library ('it appears as if we will get our new

library'); this compromise goes a long ~ towards resolving our

differences; the ~ to smb.'s heart USAGE NOTE: Constructions

such as to hack one's way through the jungle cannot be

passivized. Compare they hacked a path through the jungle--a

path was hacked (by them) through the jungle.

weak

adj. 1. ~ at, in (he's ~ in mathematics)

2. ~ from, with (~ with hunger)

weakened

adj. ~ by

weakness

n. ['quality of being weak'] 1. to reveal, show ~

2. ~ in (his ~ in mathematics) ['fondness']

3. a ~ for (a ~ for chocolate)

wealth

n. ['abundance of material possessions'] 1. to accumulate,

acquire, amass, attain ~

2. to dissipate, squander ~

3. to flaunt one's ~

4. fabulous, untold; hereditary ~ ['abundance of resources']

5. mineral; natural ~ (the natural ~ of a country) ['abundance,

profusion']

6. a ~ of information

wean

v. 1. (D; tr.) to ~ from (to ~ a calf from its mother)

2. (misc.) to ~ smb. away from bad company

weapon

n. 1. to load a ~

2. to fire a ~

3. to brandish; carry; draw; handle a ~

4. to calibrate; zero in a ~

5. to lay down. throw down one's ~s

6. a concealed; deadly ~

7. automatic; defensive; heavy; light; offensive; semiautomatic

~s

8. atomic, nuclear, thermonuclear; conventional ~s

9. (misc.) (they entered the building) with drawn ~s/with ~s

drawn; the ultimate ~ ('nuclear missiles')

wear

I n. ['clothing'] 1. beach: casual; children's; evening;

everyday; ladies'; men's: sports ~ ['wearing out']

2. to save ~ and tear (on)

II v. 1. (N; used with an adjective) she ~s her hair short

2. (s) my patience is ~ing thin

weary

I adj. ~ of (they grew ~ of his preaching)

II v. (d; intr.) to ~ of (to ~ of one's job)

weasel

v. (colloq.) (AE) (d; intr.) to ~ out of ('to evade') (to ~ out

of one's obligations)

weather

n. 1. to forecast, predict the ~

2. (good) beautiful; clear, fair; dry; fine, good, nice,

pleasant; mild; seasonable ~

3. (bad) atrocious, bad, beastly, bleak, foul, gloomy,

inclement; threatening; ugly ~

4. (rainy) cloudy, overcast; foggy; rainy; unsettled; wet ~

5. (warm) hot; humid, muggy; sultry; sweltering; tropical; warm

~

6. (cold) cold; cool; freezing; polar; windy; wintry ~

7. the ~ clears up

8. ~ sets in (bad ~ set in)

9. in ~ (restaurants lose customers in bad ~)

weather forecast

see weather report

weather report

n. to give the ~

weather stripping

n. to install, put on ~

weave

I n. a plain; satin; twill ~

II v. 1. (C) she wove a basket for us; or: she wove us a basket

2. (d; tr.) to ~ around, round (she wove the story around a

specific theme)

3. (d; tr.) to ~ from, out of (she wants to ~ a scarf from this

wool)

4. (d; tr.) ('to insert') to ~ into (to ~ some humor into a

plot)

5. (misc.) to ~ in and out of traffic

web

n. 1. to spin; weave a ~

2. an intricate, tangled ~ (a tangled ~ of intrigue)

3. a spider ~ USAGE NOTE: Spiders spin webs. People weave webs

(the author wove a web of mystery).

wedded

adj. (cannot stand alone) ~ to (~ to tradition)

wedding

n. 1. to officiate at, perform a ~

2. to attend a ~

3. a big; (humorous) shotgun ~

4. at a

wedding anniversary

n. a diamond; golden; silver

wedding cake

n. to cut the ~

wedding date

n. to set a ~

wedding day

n. on smb.'s ~

wedge

I n. to drive a ~ between; into

II v. 1. (d; intr., tr.) to ~ between; into

2. (N; used with an adjective) she ~d the door open

wedged

adj. (cannot stand alone) ~ between

wedlock

n. 1. to join in ~

2. out of ~ (born out of ~)

weed out

v. (D; tr.) to ~ from

weeds

n. 1. to pull ~

2. to kill ~

week

n. 1. to spend a ~ (somewhere)

2. last; next; this ~

3. a ~ from (Tuesday)

4. by the ~ (she is paid by the ~)

5. during the ~

6. for a ~ (they came here for a ~)

7. for ~s (she hasn't been here for ~s; AE also has: she hasn't

been here in ~s)

8. in a ~ (they'll be here in a ~)

9. (misc.) (AE) freshman ~ USAGE NOTE: In the meaning 'a week

from Tuesday', BE also has--a week on Tuesday, on Tuesday week.

Note also the BE expressions--she arrived a week last Tuesday;

she will arrive a week next Tuesday.

weekday

n. on ~s; AE also has: ~s (she works on ~s)

weekend

n. 1. to spend a ~ somewhere

2. at (BE), during, over (esp. AE) the ~

3. on ~s (I work on ~s)

4. (AE) ~s (she works ~s)

5. (BE) at ~s (he works at ~s)

weeknight

n. on ~s; AE also has: ~s (she works on ~s)

weep

v. 1. (d; intr.) to ~ about, over (to ~ over one's misfortune)

2. (d; intr.) to ~ for (to ~ for joy)

3. (misc.) to ~ oneself to sleep; I wept on seeing them so poor

weevil

n. an alfalfa; boll ~

weigh

v. 1. to ~ heavily

2. (d; intr.) ('to count') to ~ against (his testimony will ~

heavily against you)

3. (d; tr.) ('to balance') to ~ against (to ~ one argument

against another)

4. (d; intr.) ('to press') to ~ on (legal problems ~ed heavily

on her mind)

5. (P; intr.) ('to have a weight') the suitcase ~s quite a lot

weigh down

v. (D; tr.) to ~ with (we were ~ed down with packages)

weigh in

v. (D; intr.) to ~ at (the boxer ~ed in at one hundred fifty

pounds)

weight

I n. ['amount weighed, heaviness'] 1. to gain, put on ~

2. to lose, take off ~

3. dead; gross; minimum; net ~

4. atomic; avoirdupois; birth; molecular ~

5. under a ~ (the table collapsed under the ~ of the food)

['device used for its heaviness in athletic exercises']

6. to lift ~s

7. heavy; light ~s

8. a set of ~s ['importance']

9. to carry ~

10. to add; attach, give, lend ~ to

11. considerable ~

12. (misc.) to throw one's ~ around/about (BE) ('to flaunt one's

influence'); to pull one's ~ ('to do one's fair share')

II v. (D;tr.) ('to slant') to ~ against (the evidence was ~ed

against me)

weird

adj. (colloq.) 1. ~ about (there is smt. ~ about them)

2. ~ that + clause (it's ~ that you never noticed her)

welch

see welsh

welcome

I adj. 1. perfectly ~

2. ~ to (you are ~ to my share)

3. ~ to + inf. (you are ~ to borrow my car at any time)

4. (misc.) to make smb. feel ~

II n. 1. to bid, extend, give a ~ to

2. to receive a ~

3. to overstay one's ~

4. a cordial, enthusiastic, hearty, rousing, royal, warm ~ (we

gave them a rousing ~)

5. a chilly, cool ~

6. a ~ from; to (we received a warm ~ from the mayor; the

immigrants received a cool ~ to their new country)

III v. 1. to ~ cordially, enthusiastically, warmly

2. to ~ coolly

3. (D; tr.) to ~ to (we ~d them to our city)

welcome mat

n. (colloq.) (esp. AE) to put out the ~ for smb.

welfare

n. ['governmental financial aid'] 1. public ~

2. (esp. US) on ~ (to be on ~; to go on ~) ['well-being']

3. to promote the public ~

4. the general; public ~

5. for smb.'s ~

well

I adv. 1. to leave ~ enough alone (AE)/to leave ~ alone (BE)

('not to interfere with smt. that is satisfactory')

2. (misc.) are things going ~ with you?

II n. ['hole dug to tap a supply of water'] 1. to bore, dig,

drill, sink a ~

2. an abandoned; deep ~

3. an artesian; oil ~

4. a ~ dries up

well-being

n. 1. to threaten smb.'s ~

2. material; physical; psychological ~

well-disposed

adj.. ~ towards

well-grounded

adj. ~ in

well-informed

adj. ~ about

well-intentioned

adj. ~ towards

well-known

adj. 1. ~ to

2. ~ that + clause (it's ~ that she intends to retire next year)

well up

v. (D; intr.) to ~ with (her eyes ~ed up with tears)

welsh

v. (this verb is offensive to Welsh people) (D; intr.) to ~ on

(to ~ on a bet)

welt

n. to raise a ~ (on the skin)

west

I adj., adv. ~ of

II n. 1. in, to the ~

2. (US) the Wild West

3. (misc.) out ~ (US) ('in the Am. west'); up ~ (London slang)

('to the West End of London from the East End'); to go ~ (esp.

BE; old-fashioned) ('to die')

wet

adj. 1. dripping, soaking ~

2. ~ with (~ with dew)

3. (misc.) she got her shoes ~

whack

I n. (colloq.) ['blow'] 1. to give smb. a ~ ['attempt']

2. to take a ~ at

3. to have the first ~ at ['misc.']

4. out of ~ (he threw his shoulder out of ~)

II v. (colloq.) (0) ('to strike') I'll ~ you one

whale

n. ['sea mammal'] 1. to harpoon a ~

2. a blue; bowhead; sperm; white ~

3. a school of ~s

4. a young ~ is a calf

5. a female ~ is a cow

6. a male ~ is a bull ['misc.']

7. a ~ of a good time ('a very good time')

whammy

n. (slang) (AE) ['jinx'] to put a (the) ~ on smb.

wharf

n. at; on a ~ (the ship was tied up at a ~)

what

determiner, pronoun 1. ~ about, of(~ about them?)

2. (used in exclamatory sentences) ~ a (~ a day!)

3. (misc.) (colloq.) she has ~ it takes ('she is very capable');

to know ~'s ~ ('to understand clearly what the situation is'); ~

else is new? (esp. AE); so ~? ~ on earth can she mean?

wheat

n. 1. to grow; harvest ~

2. to grind; thresh ~ (to grind ~ into flour)

3. summer; winter ~

4. club; common; drum; hybrid ~

5. cracked; whole ~ USAGE NOTE: AE has whole wheat bread, whole

wheat flour; BE has wholemeal bread, wholemeal flour.

wheedle

v. 1. (d; tr.) to ~ from, out of (to ~ information from smb.)

2. (d; tr.) to ~ into (to ~ smb. into doing smt.)

wheel

n. ['circular rim or solid disc joined to a hub that turns'] 1.

to spin; turn a ~

2. to align; balance; rotate ~s (on a car)

3. a balance; driving; front; idler; mill; paddle; potter's;

ratchet; rear; retractable; roulette; spinning; sprocket;

undershot; water ~

4. a big (BE), Ferris ~ (in an amusement park)

5. a ~ spins; turns

6. (misc.) to break on the ~; (humorous) to reinvent the ~

['device that turns a car']

7. to take the ~

8. a steering ~ (to turn the steering ~)

9. (to be) at the ~ (who was at the ~ when the accident took

place?) ['misc.']

10. a big ~ ('an influential person')

wheelbarrow

n. to push, roll a ~

wheelchair

n. 1. to push a ~

2. a motorized ~

wherewithal

n. ['resources'] 1. the ~ for (to have the ~ for a trip

abroad)

2. the ~ to + inf. (they didn't have the ~ to conduct a

successful political campaign)

which

determiner, pronoun ~ of (~ of them do you know?) USAGE NOTE:

The use of the preposition of is necessary when a pronoun

follows. When a noun follows, the use of which of the limits the

meaning--which student(s) did you see? which of the students

whom we had discussed did you see?

whiff

n. (colloq.) ['smell, odor'] 1. to get, have; take a ~ of (to

get a good ~ of tear gas)

2. to give smb. a ~ of smt.

3. at a ~ (she lost consciousness at the first ~ of ether)

whim

n. 1. to pursue; satisfy a ~

2. an idle; sudden ~

3. on a ~ (they went there on a ~)

whine

v. 1. (B) she ~d a few words to them

2. (D; intr.) to ~ about (he kept ~ing about his bad luck)

3. (L; to) he ~d (to us) that he had been cheated

whip

I n. ['lash used for whipping'] 1. to crack, snap a ~

['dessert made by whipping']

2. a prune ~ ['member of a political party who enforces party

discipline']

3. a majority; minority; party ~

II v. 1.(d;tr.)('to beat') to ~ into (to ~ eggs into a froth)

2. (colloq.) (d; tr.) ('to bring') to ~ into (the sergeant ~ped

the recruits into shape)

3. (d; tr.) ('to incite') to ~ into (the speaker ~ped the crowd

into a frenzy)

whip hand

n. ['control'] to get; have the ~ over

whipping

n. ['beating'] 1. to get, receive, take a ~ (from)

2. to give smb. a ~

whip-round

n. (BE) ['collection'] to have a ~

whirl

n. (colloq.) ['try'] 1. to give smt. a ~ ['hectic activity']

2. the social ~

whirlpool

n. to be drawn into a ~

whisk

I n. an egg ~ (BE; AE has eggbeater)

II v. (P; tr.) ('to move quickly') they were ~ed into the hotel;

the important visitors were ~ed through customs

whisk away

v. see whisk off

whiskers

n. ['beard'] 1. to grow ~

2. to shave off one's ~

3. rough ~

whiskey, whisky

n. 1. to age; distill, produce ~

2. straight ('undiluted') ~

3. blended; corn; Irish;

rye; Scotch ~

4. ~ ages USAGE NOTE: The spelling whiskey is usu. used in

Ireland and the US.

whisk off

v. (colloq.) (d; tr.) to ~ to (they were ~ed off to prison)

whisper

I n. 1. a stage ~

2. in a ~ (to speak in a ~)

II v. 1. (B) he ~ed a few words to her

2. (d; intr.) to ~ about (what were they ~ing about?)

3. (L; to) she ~ed (to us) that she was preparing a surprise

party

whistle

I n. ['instrument that produces a whistling sound'] 1. to blow

(on) a ~

2. a bird; factory; police; referee's ~

3. a ~ blows, sounds ['act of whistling']

4. to give a ~

5. a shrill ~ ['misc.']

6. as clean as a ~ ('very clean'); to blow the ~ on smb. ('to

reveal smb.'s evil intentions')

II v. 1. (B) she ~d a song to me

2. (D; intr.) to ~ at; to (who ~d at you?)

3. (D; intr.) to ~ with (to ~ with surprise) USAGE NOTE: One

whistles to smb. to attract her/his attention. One whistles at

smb. to express one's feelings about that person.

white feather

n. ['symbol of cowardice'] to show the ~

white flag

n. ['symbol of surrender'] to show the ~

white paper

n. ['official government report'] to issue a ~

white slavery

n. to sell smb. into ~

whittle

v. 1. (D; intr.) to ~ at (to ~ at a piece of wood)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ into (to ~ a reed into a whistle)

3. (D; tr.) to ~ out of (to ~ a whistle out of a reed)

whittle away

v. (D; intr.) to ~ at (to ~ at smb.'s alibi)

whole

n. 1. to constitute, form a ~

2. as a ~

3. on the ~ (the situation is, on the ~, satisfactory)

whole hog

n. (colloq.) (esp. AE) ['the whole way'] to go (the) ~

wholesale

adv. to buy; sell ~

whoop

n. ['loud cry'] to emit, let out a ~

whoopee

n. (colloq.) ['boisterous fun'] to make ~

whooping cough

n. to catch (the) ~

wicked

adj. 1. ~ of (that was ~ of him)

2. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ to lie)

wide

adj. ['deviating'] (cannot stand alone) ~ of (you are ~ of the

mark)

widow

n. a grass; war ~

widower

n. a grass ~

width

n. in ~ (ten feet in ~)

wife

n. 1. (old-fashioned) to take a ~

2. to beat; desert, leave one's ~

3. an abused, battered; common-law; estranged ~; ex-wife,

former; jealous; unfaithful ~

4. (misc.) he had two children by his first ~

wig

n. 1. to wear a ~

2. to put on; take off a ~

wild

I adj. ['enthusiastic'] (colloq.) 1. (cannot stand alone) ~

about, over (audiences went ~ over the new play) ['furious']

2. ~ with (~ with anger) ['out of control']

3. to run ~

II n. ['wilderness'] in the ~ (to live in the ~)

wilderness

n. 1. a desolate; trackless; unexplored ~

2. in the ~

wildfire

n. to spread like ~ ('to spread very quickly')

wild oats

n. ['youthful excesses'] to sow one's ~

will

I n. ['desire'] 1. to impose one's ~ (on)

2. to implement the ~ (of the majority)

3. the ~ to + inf. (the ~ to survive)

4. (misc.) a clash of {strong) ~s; against smb.s ~; with a ~

(to work with the ~ to succeed) ['attitude']

5. to show good ~

6. to bear no ill ~ ['choice']

7. free ~ (of their own free ~)

8. at ~ (to fire at ~) ['legal document disposing of an

estate']

9. to draw up, make, make out a ~

10. to change a ~

11. to administer; execute a ~

12. to probate, validate a ~

13. to challenge, contest a ~

14. to break, overturn a ~

15. to repudiate a ~

16. a deathbed ~ ['spirit'] ['power to make decisions']

17. to break smb.'s ~

18. an indomitable, iron, strong; inflexible ~

II v. (A) he ~ed his entire estate to her; or: he ~ed her his

entire estate

III v. (auxiliary) (F) she ~ return

willies

n. (colloq.) ['jitters'] 1. to get the ~

2. to give smb. the ~ (her behavior gives me the ~)

willing

adj. ~ to (she is ~ to help)

willingness

n. 1. to demonstrate, show ~

2. to express ~

3. the ~ to + inf. (she expressed the ~ to work for us)

willpower

n. 1. to demonstrate ~

2. the ~ to + inf. (do you have the ~ to stick to the diet?)

wily

adj. ~ of (that was ~ of him)

win

I n. to chalk up a ~

II v. 1. to ~ easily, hands down

2. (D; intr.) to ~ against (to ~ against considerable odds)

wince

v. 1. (D; intr.) to ~ at (to ~ at the thought of going back to

work)

2. (misc.) to ~ in pain

winch

n. to operate, use a ~

wind

I n. /wind/['movement, current of air'] 1. an adverse; balmy,

gentle, light; biting, cold, cutting, icy; brisk, heavy, high,

stiff, strong; fair, favorable; gale-force; gusty; head; raw;

tail; trade ~

2. the prevailing ~s

3. the ~ blows; falls, subsides; howls; picks up

4. a blast, gust of ~

5. a down; up ~

6. (misc.) as free as the ~ ['knowledge']

7. to get ~ of smt. ['breath']

8. to catch, get one's second ~

9. out of ~ ['misc.']

10. to break ~ ('to expel rectal gas'); in the ~ ('imminent');

to take the ~ out of smb.'s sails ('to deflate smb.'); to see

how the ~ blows ('to see what is likely to happen'); to sow the

~ and reap the whirlwind

II v. /waynd/1. (d; tr.) to ~ around, round (she wound the

string around her finger)

2. (P; intr.) the procession wound through the town

3. (misc.) to ~ smb. around one's little finger ('to manipulate

smb.')

winded

adj. ['out of breath'] easily ~

windfall

n. ['good fortune'] 1. to get a ~

2. a sudden, unexpected ~

windmill

n. 1. a ~ turns

2. (misc.) to tilt at ~s ('to struggle with imaginary

opponents')

window

n. 1. to open a ~; to roll down a ~ (in a car)

2. to close, shut a ~; to roll up a ~ (in a car)

3. to clean, wash a ~

4. a bay; bow; French; lattice; sash; shop; storm ~

5. a ~ fogs up, sweats; frosts over.

window shade

n. (AE) 1. to lift, raise a ~

2. to draw, drop, lower a ~ (BE has blind)

wind up

v. ('to end up') 1. (d; intr.) to ~ with

2. (G) I wound up paying for everyone

3. (P; intr.) to ~ out in the cold

4. (s) he wound up worse off than when he started

wine

n. 1. to make, produce ~

2. dry; sweet ~

3. cooking; dessert; mulled; red; rose; sacramental; sparkling;

table; vintage; white ~

4. domestic; imported ~

5. a house ~ (of a restaurant)

6. ~ ferments USAGE NOTE: The phrase domestic wine seems to be

reserved for wine produced in English-speaking countries.

English-speakers in France or Italy, for example, usu. do not

refer to French or Italian wine as domestic.

wing

n. ['faction of a political party'] 1. a conservative;

liberal; radical ~ ['a bird's forelimb']

2. to spread one's ~s (also fig.) (the bird spread its ~s and

flew off)

3. (misc.) to clip smb.'s ~s ('to restrict smb.'s freedom')

['protection']

4. to take smb. under one's ~ ['act of flying']

5. to take ~ (also fig.)

6. on the ~ ['extension, annex of a building']

7. to add a ~ (to a building)

8. see fender ['misc.']

9. to wait in the ~s ('to await the opportunity to take over a

job')

wink

I n. 1. to give smb. a ~

2. a suggestive ~

3. (misc.) I didn't get a ~ of sleep last night; to take forty

~s ('to take a brief nap')

II v. (D; intr.) to ~ at (also fig.: the police ~ed at illegal

gambling)

winner

n. 1. a likely; sure ~

2. (misc.) to be on to a (sure) ~ (at a racetrack)

win over

v. (d; tr.) to ~ to (we won them over to our side)

winter

n. 1. a cold, hard, harsh, severe; mild ~

2. in, over (the) ~

3. in the dead of ~

wipe

v. 1. (d; tr.) to ~ off ('to erase from') (to ~ a city off the

map)

2. (D; tr.) to ~ on (she ~d her hands on the towel)

3. (N; used with an adjective) he ~d the dishes dry

wipers

n. 1. to turn on the ~

2. windscreen (BE), windshield (AE) ~

wire

I n. ['long metal thread'] 1. to string ~

2. barbed; chicken; copper ~

3. a trip ~ ['cable conducting electric current']

4. to cross, jump ~s (in order to start a car)

5. to tap ~s

6. telephone ~s ['cablegram, telegram']

7. to send a ~ ['finish line'] (also fig.)

8. (right) down to the ~ ('to the very <£nd')

9. (misc.) to get in under the ~ ('to enter barely in time')

II v. 1. (A) ('to send by wire') we ~d the money to her; or: we

~d her the money

2. (d; intr.) ('to request by sending a wire') to ~ for (she ~d

home for some money)

3. (D; tr.) ('to provide with wire') to ~ for (the auditorium

was ~d for sound)

4. (d; tr.) ('to connect') to ~ to (the explosives were ~d to

the door)

5. (H; no passive) ('to inform by wire') we ~d them to return

home immediately

6. (L; may have an object) ('to inform by wire') she ~d (us)

that the manuscript had arrived

7. (Q; may have an object) we will ~ (you) where to meet

wire back

v. (L; to) they ~d back (to us) that they would attend the

conference

wireless

n. (BE) (now less common than radio) see radio 1-4

wiring

n. 1. defective, faulty ~

2. electric ~

wisdom

n. 1. to impart ~

2. to doubt, question smb.'s ~ (to question the ~ of an action)

3. (the) conventional ~; infinite ~

4. the ~ to + inf. (will they have the ~ to make the correct

choice?)

5. of ~ (a person of great ~)

wise

adj. ['sagacious'] 1. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of you to remain

silent = you were ~ to remain silent) ['aware of] (colloq.)

2. ~ to (she was ~ to their scheme; I finally got ~ to their

tricks; they put me ~ to his tricks)

wisecrack

I n. ['flippant remark'] 1. to make a ~

2. a ~ about

II v. (colloq.) (L) ('to remark flip-pantly') she ~ed that she

could earn more money at home

wise up

v. (colloq.) (AE) (D; intr.) to ~ to (I finally ~d up to his

tricks)

wish

I n. ['desire'] 1. to make a ~

2. to fulfill, realize a ~

3. to get one's ~

4. to express a ~

5. to respect smb.'s ~

6. a fervent, strong; unfulfilled ~

7. the death ~

8. a ~ for (a ~ for peace)

9. a ~ to + inf. (they expressed a ~ to visit the museum)

10. a ~ that + clause; subj. (the editor respected her ~ that

the contribution not be/should not be announced publicly)

11. against smb.'s ~es (the project was carried out against our

~es)

12. in accordance with smb.'s ~es ['greetings']

13. to extend, offer, send one's (best) ~es

14. one's best, good, warm, warmest ~es

15. one's ~es for (one's best ~es for the New Year)

II v. 1. (A; usu. without to) they ~ed us good luck

2. (D; intr.) to ~ for (we were ~ing for cool weather)

3. (E) I ~ to lodge a complaint

4. (formal) (H; no passive) do you ~ me to stay?

5. (L) we ~ that he would settle down

6. (misc.) to ~ smb. well ('to hope that things will go well for

smb.')

wit

I n. 1. to display, show ~

2. acid, keen, mordant, penetrating, rapier-like, sharp,

sophisticated, trenchant ~

3. dry; quick, ready; sly ~

4. (misc.) at one's ~'s end (see also wits)

II to ~ ('namely')

witchcraft

n. to practice ~

witch-hunt

n. to conduct a ~ against

withdraw

v. (D; intr., tr.) to ~ from; to (our troops have withdrawn from

the border area; to ~ money from a bank; to ~ to a safer area)

withdrawal

n. ['removal of funds'] 1. to make a ~

2. mass ~s

3. a ~ from (a ~ from an account) ['retreat'] (often mil.)

4. to carry out, make a ~

5. to complete a ~

6. an orderly; precipitate; strategic; tactical; unilateral ~

7. a ~ from; to (a ~ to higher ground)

withhold

v. (D; tr.) to ~ from (to ~ information from the police)

witness

I n. ['testimony'] 1. to bear ~ to

2. false ~ (to bear false ~) ['one who testifies']

3. to produce a ~ (the district attorney finally produced a

credible ~)

4. to cross-examine; examine, interrogate, question; interview a

~; to hear ~es

5. to lead a ~ (one should not lead a ~)

6. to swear in a ~

7. to confuse; discredit; trap a ~

8. a character; competent; credible; defense; expert; hostile;

key, material; prosecution; reliable ~

9. a ~ is sworn in = a ~ takes the oath; a ~ testifies (under

oath)

10. a ~ steps down

11. a ~ against (a ~ against one's former accomplices)

12. a ~ for (a ~ for the prosecution)

13. a ~ to (a ~ to an accident)

II v. (K) who ~ed his signing the documents?

witness box

n. (BE) to go into the ~

witness stand

n. (AE) to take the ~

wits

n. 1. to collect one's ~

2. the ~ to + inf. (he didn't have enough ~ to realize what was

happening)

3. (misc.) keep your ~ about you! ('stay alert!'); to live by

one's ~

witty

adj. ~ of (that was ~ of her)

wizard

n. 1. a financial; mathematical ~

2. a ~ at (a ~ at solving crossword puzzles)

wizardry

n. sheer ~

wolf

n. 1. ~ves howl

2. ~ves hunt in packs

3. a pack of ~ves

4. a young ~ is a pup

5. (misc.) to cry ~ ('to give a false alarm'); to keep the ~

from the door ('to provide the necessities'); a ~ in sheep's

clothing ('one who disguises hostile intentions')

woman

n. 1. to deliver a ~ (of a baby)

2. an attractive, beautiful, pretty; average; fat; grown;

handsome; middle-aged; old; short; tall; thin; ugly; wise; young

~

3. a divorced; married; single ~

4. a career; professional; self-made; working ~

5. an anchor ~; businesswoman; newspaperwoman

6. (AE) a cleaning ~ (BE has charwoman, char)

7. (BE) a lollipop ~ (AE has crossing guard)

8. (AE) enlisted women (BE has other ranks)

9. the other ~ ('a married man's paramour')

10. (misc.) a ~ of letters; a ~ of action; a ~ of the world; the

~ of the year USAGE NOTE: The terms career woman and working

woman are becoming old-fashioned. (see also the Usage Note for

girl)

womanhood

n. to reach ~

wonder

I n. 1. to perform, work a ~

2. to do ~s for

3. a natural ~

4. a ~ that + clause (it's a ~ that we didn't get lost; it's no

small ~ that they had so much trouble)

5. in ~ (to look around in ~)

6. (misc.) the seven ~s of the world; the eighth ~ of the world

II v. 1. to ~ really, very much (I really ~ if they'll come)

2. (D; intr.) to ~ about, at (to ~ about a problem)

3. (0) I ~ why they left

wonderful

adj. 1. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ to visit our national parks)

2. ~ that + clause (it was ~ that we could see each other)

wonderland

n. a scenic ~

wont

adj. (obsol. and rare) ['accustomed'] (cannot stand alone) ~ to

+ inf. (she is ~ to call at any time)

wood

n. 1. to chop, cut ~

2. to gather ~

3. firewood; kindling ~

4. a cord of ~

5. (misc.) out of the ~ (BE)/~s (AE) ('safe from danger')

wool

n. 1. to produce ~

2. to comb; process; sort ~

3. lamb's; steel, wire (BE) ~

4. (BE) cotton ~ (AE has absorbent cotton)

5. (misc.) to pull the ~ over smb.'s eyes ('to deceive smb.')

woozy

adj. (colloq.) ['dazed, dizzy'] ~ from (~ from lack of sleep)

word

I n. ['independent, meaningful linguistic form'] 1. to coin a ~

2. to pronounce, say, utter; write a ~ (to say a few ~s about

smt.)

3. to mispronounce a ~

4. to distort smb.'s ~s

5. to not mince any ~s ('to speak frankly')

6. angry, cross, sharp; choice; fighting; harsh; hasty; heated,

hot; high-sounding; hollow, hypocritical; sincere; weasel ~s

7. an archaic, obsolete; borrowed; compound; dialectal,

regional; foreign; four-letter, obscene; function; ghost;

monosyllabic; native; nonce; portmanteau; simple; taboo ~

8. a guide ~ (at the top of a page in a dictionary, reference

work)

9. (misc.) (upon) my ~ ('really'); to hang on (to) smb.'s ~s

('to listen to smb. very attentively'); in so many ~s

('precisely'); of few ~s ('not talkative'); ~ for ~

('verbatim'); she took the ~s right out of my mouth ('she said

exactly what I wanted to say'); a household ('common') ~; to get

a ~ in edgewise (AE)/edgeways (BE) ('to manage to say smt. in a

dispute'); to have the last ~ ('to conclude an argument'); to

put in a good ~ for smb. ('to plead smb.'s case'); in a ~

('briefly'); a play on ~s ('a pun'); begin at the ~ go; one's

dying ~s ['promise']

10. to give one's ~

11. to take smb.'s ~; to take smb. at her/his ~

12. to break one's ~

13. one's solemn ~; one's ~ of honor

14. one's ~ that + clause (she gave me her ~ that she would

deliver the message)

15. of one's ~ (she's a woman of her ~) ('she keeps her

promises') ['command']

16. to give the ~ ['information, news']

17. to bring; send ~

18. to breathe, say a ~ (don't breathe a ~ about it to anyone)

19. to get ~ (we got advance ~ that the contract would be

signed)

20. the latest ~

21. advance ~

22. ~ about, of (there was no ~ of the incident in the

newspapers; she would like to say a few ~s about the incident)

23. ~ that + clause (they sent ~ that they would be late)

['conversation']

24. to have a ~ with smb. about smt. (see also words) USAGE

NOTE: The construction /'d like to have a word with you usu.

indicates that the conversation will be of a serious nature.

Compare / had words with him 'I had an argument with him'.

II v. to ~ smt. strongly

word order

n. (a) fixed; flexible; normal; reverse

words

n. ['text'] 1. ~ to (a song) ['argument, discussion']

2. to have ~ with smb.

3. to weigh ('consider carefully') one's ~

4. heated; threatening ~

work

I n. ['labor'] 1. to do ~ (they never do any ~)

2. to begin; quit, stop ~ (they quit ~ at one o'clock)

3. to take on ~

4. to undo smb.'s ~

5. backbreaking, hard; delicate; demanding; dirty, scut; easy,

light; exhausting, tiring; physical ~

6. meticulous, precise; shoddy, slipshod, sloppy ~

7. fieldwork; paper ~

8. (misc.) he never does a Uck/ stitch (AE)/stroke of ~; to make

short ~ of smt. ('to dispose of smt. quickly') ['employment']

9. to go to ~

10. to return to ~

11. to take off from ~

12. to leave ~ (early)

13. at ~ (they are still at ~)

14. out of ~ (they have been out of ~ for a week) ['result of

research, labor, artistic effort']

15. to exhibit; hang one's ~s (in a gallery)

16. a literary; scholarly ~

17. collected; published; selected ~s

18. (misc.) ~ in progress; a ~ of art ['service']

19. social ~ (to do social ~)

20. undercover ~ (to do undercover ~ for the police)

['treatment']

21. root-canal ~ (to do root-canal ~ on smb.) ['misc.']

22. to go to ~ on smb. ('to put pressure on smb.'] (see also

works)

II v. 1. ('to labor') to ~ hard, strenuously

2. (d; intr.) to ~ against ('to oppose') (to ~ against a

proposed law)

3. (d; intr.) ('to labor') to ~ at, on (they were ~ing on a new

book; you have to ~ at being friendlier with people)

4. (d; intr.) ('to be employed; to labor') to ~ for (she ~s for

a large firm; to ~ for a living)

5. (d; intr.) to ~ for ('to support') (to ~ for a good cause)

6. (d; refl.) ('to excite') to ~ into (she ~ed herself into a

rage)

7. (d; tr.) to ~ into ('to insert') (she ~ed a few jokes into

her speech)

8. (d; intr.) to ~ through ('to go through') (to ~ through

difficult material)

9. (d; intr.) ('to progress') to ~ towards (to ~ towards a

common goal)

10. (d; intr.) ('to collaborate') to ~ with (to ~ closely with

one's colleagues)

11. (misc.) to ~ far into the night; to ~ one's way through

college; to ~ one's way through a crowd; I slowly ~ed my way

through the long report; the committee ~ed to reduce tension; to

~ against the clock

worked up

adj. (colloq.) ~ about, over (he got himself all ~ over a trifle)

worker

n. 1. to hire, take on a ~

2. to retrain; train ~s

3. to organize, unionize ~s

4. to dismiss, fire, sack (colloq.) a ~; to make a ~ redundant

(as by eliminating her/his job) (BE)

5. an efficient, hard, indefatigable; idle; meticulous ~

6. a blue-collar (esp. AE); full-time; immigrant; migrant;

office; part-time; skilled; social; undocumented (AE);

unemployed; unskilled; white-collar ~

working hours

n. regular; staggered ~ (during regular ~)

workmanship

n. 1. conscientious; delicate, exquisite, fine; meticulous ~

2. poor, shoddy ~

workout

n. ['exercise'] 1. to get, have a ~

2. a daily

works

n. ['construction projects'] 1. public ~ ['preparation']

(colloq.)

2. in the ~ ['operations']

3. to gum up, mess up the ~ ['everything available'] (colloq.)

4. to give smb. the ~

workshop

n. ['working seminar'] 1. to conduct a ~

2. a ~ on

workup

n. ['series of tests'] 1. to do a ~

2. a diagnostic ~

work up

v. 1. (d; refl., tr.) ('to excite') to ~ into (he ~ed himself up

into a rage)

2. (d; refl., tr.) ('to incite') to ~ to (the orator ~ed the

crowd up to a fever pitch)

3. (misc.) she ~ed her way up to the top

world

n. ['earth'] 1. around, round the ~ (to travel around the ~)

2. (misc.) to see the ~ ('to travel to many parts of the earth')

['area, part of the earth']

3. the free; known; Third ~ (in the Third ~) ['domain, realm,

sphere']

4. the animal; financial; literary; physical; scientific ~

5. the academic; outside; real ~ (out in the real ~)

['period']

6. the ancient; medieval; modern ~ (there are many problems in

the modern ~) ['life, being']

7. to bring (smb.) into the ~

8. to come into the ~

9. the next ~ ('life after death') ['misc.']

10. out of this ~ ('remarkable'); ~s apart ('very far apart')

world's fair

n. to hold, stage a ~

worm

v. 1. (d; tr.) to ~ into (how did they ~ their way into the

meeting?)

2. (d; intr., tr.) to ~ out of (to ~ out of an obligation; to ~

information out of smb.)

3. (misc.) to ~ one's way into smb.'s confidence

worried

adj. 1. ~ sick

2. ~ about

3. ~ that + clause (we were ~ that she might not arrive on time)

worry

I n. 1. to cause ~

2. deep, serious ~

3. financial ~ries

4. ~ about, over

II v. 1. (D; intr.) to ~ about, over (they ~ about you; I ~ried

about them working so hard; to ~ over trifles)

2. (R) it ~ried me that they did not answer the telephone

worse

adj. any ~ (will it be any ~ living in the city?)

worship

I n. 1. ancestor; hero; idol; nature; public ~

2. (misc.) a house of ~

II v. 1. to ~ reverently

2. (D; tr.) to ~ as (to ~ smb. as a god)

3. (misc.) I ~ the ground you walk on

worst

n. to prepare for the ~

worth

I adj., prep. 1. well ~ (the cost)

2. ~ to (how much is it ~ to you?)

3. (misc.) ~ one's salt ('worthy of respect for one's work')

II n. 1. intrinsic ~

2. net ~

3. (legal) comparable ~ (the theory of comparable ~)

4. of ~ (books of great ~)

worthwhile

adj. 1. ~ for

2. ~ to + inf. (it's ~ for you to visit the exhibit)

worthy

adj. (usu. does not stand alone) ~ of (~ of praise)

would

v. (F) ~ you do it?

wound

n. 1. to inflict a ~ on/upon smb.

2. to receive a ~

3. to clean; dress; suture; swab a ~

4. a deep; fatal, mortal; festering; flesh; gaping; light,

slight; self-inflicted; serious, severe; superficial ~ (to

receive a slight ~)

5. a bullet, gunshot; knife ~

6. a ~ festers

7. (misc.) to lick one's ~s ('to recover from a beating')

wounded

adj. fatally, mortally; lightly, slightly; seriously ~

wracked

adj. ~ with (~ with pain)

wrangle

v. 1. to ~ constantly, incessantly

2. (D; intr.) to ~ about, over; with

wrangling

n. constant, incessant ~

wrap

I n. freezer; plastic ~

II v. 1. (d; tr.) to ~ around (to ~ a blanket around oneself)

2. (d; tr.) to ~ in (to ~ a child in a blanket)

wrapped up

adj. ['engaged, busy'] ~ in (they are all ~ in campaigning)

wrapper

n. a cellophane ~

wraps

n. to keep a plan under ~ (colloq.) ('to keep a plan secret')

wrath

n. (formal) 1. to bring down, incur smb. 's ~

2. to visit one's ~ upon smb.

3. one's righteous ~

wreak

v. (D; tr.) to ~ with (to ~ havoc with smb.)

wreath

n. 1. to make, weave a ~

2. to lay, place a ~ (they laid a ~ at the Tomb of the Unknown

Soldier)

3. a bridal; Christmas; floral ~

wreck

n. ['wrecked car'] 1. to tow a ~ ['person who has suffered a

breakdown']

2. a nervous ~

wreckage

n. 1. to strew ~ (over a wide area)

2. to clear, remove ~

wrench

I n. 1. monkey ~

2. (AE) a lug ~ (BE has box spanner)

II v. (d; tr.) to ~ from (he ~ed the handbag from the old woman)

wrest

v. (d; tr.) to ~ from (to ~ power from a dictator)

wrestle

v. (D; intr.) to ~ with (to ~ with various problems)

wrestler

n. to pin; throw a ~

wrestling

n. arm; catch-as-catch-can; Greco-Roman; Indian ~

wretch

n. a poor ~

wretched

adj. ~ of (that was ~ of him)

wriggle

v. (d; intr.) to ~ out of (he ~d out of my grip)

wring

v. 1. (d; tr.) ('to extract') to ~ from, out of (the police

finally succeeded in ~ing a confession from the prisoner)

2. (N; used with an adjective) ('to squeeze') to ~ a towel dry

wrinkle

n. ['crease'] 1. to make a ~

2. to iron out, press out ~s ['innovation'] (colloq.)

3. the latest ~ in (the latest ~ in marketing home computers)

wrist

n. to sprain one's ~

writ

n. ['legal order'] 1. to issue; serve a ~ (to serve a ~ on

smb.)

2. to quash a ~

write

v. 1. ('to form letters') to ~ illegibly; legibly

2. (A) ('to compose and send') she wrote a letter to me; or: she

wrote me a letter

3. (C) ('to compose') he wrote a recommendation for me; or:

(colloq.) he wrote me a recommendation

4. (d; intr.) to ~ about, of ('to describe') (to write about/ of

the war)

5. (D; tr.) to ~ about ('to compose about') (she wrote a book

about her experiences)

6. (D; intr.) ('to be a writer') to ~ for (she ~s for popular

magazines)

7. (d; intr.) to ~ for ('to request') (she wrote for a

recommendation; she wrote to me for a recommendation; AE also

has: she wrote me for a recommendation)

8. (d; intr.) to ~ to ('to compose and send a letter to') (he ~s

to her every day; AE also has: he ~s her every day)

9. (D; tr.) to ~ to ('to compose for') (to ~ words to a song)

10. (d; intr.) ('to order, command') to ~ to + to + inf. (she

wrote to me to come home)

11. (AE) (H; no passive) ('to order, command') she wrote me to

come home

12. (L; to; may have an object in AE) ('to inform') they wrote

to us/wrote us (AE) that they would come home

13. (Q; to; may have an object in AE) ('to inform') she wrote to

us/wrote us (AE) where we were to meet

write away

v. (d; intr.) to ~ for (the children wrote away for a puzzle

book)

write back

v. 1. (A) ('to answer') she wrote a long letter back to me; or:

she wrote me back a long letter

2. (D; intr.) to ~ to ('to answer') she wrote back to me

write off

v. (D; tr.) to ~ as (he was written off as a has-been)

writer

n. a free-lance; hack; professional; screen

write-up

n. (colloq.) ['account'] to get a (good) ~ (in the newspapers)

write up

v. (AE)(D;tr.) to ~ for (to ~ a story for a newspaper; to ~ smb.

up for a decoration)

writhe

v. (D; intr.) to ~ in (to ~ in pain)

writing

n. 1. cuneiform; hieroglyphic; picture ~

2. creative ~

3. (misc.) to put smt. in/into ~

writing paper

n. personalized ~

writings

n. ['written works'] smb.'s collected; selected ~

wrong

I adj. 1. completely, dead (colloq.), totally ~

2. ~ in (I was ~ in going there)

3. ~ to + inf. (it was ~ of them to gossip = they were ~ to

gossip; I was ~ to disregard your advice; it is ~ to lie)

4. ~ with (what's ~ with her?)

5. (misc.) everything went ~

II adv. to go ~

III n. 1. to do (smb.) ~

2. to redress, right, undo a ~

3. a grievous; irreparable ~

4. in the ~ (you were in the ~)

5. (misc.) two ~s do not make a right; to know right from ~

wrought up

adj. ['upset'] ~ over (he gets ~ over trifles)

X ray

n. 1. to do (colloq.), make, take an ~ (the doctor decided to

take an ~ of my back)

2. to interpret, read an ~ (the radiologist will read your ~

before you leave)

3. to go for; have an ~

4. to have an ~ taken

xylophone

n. to play the ~

Y

n. (= YMCA, YWCA, YMHA, YWHA, which are abbreviations of Young

Men's or Women's Christian or Hebrew Association) at the ~ (they

are staying at the ~)

yacht

n. 1. to sail a ~

2. on a ~ (they spent the summer on their ~)

yammer

v. (colloq.) (D; intr.) to ~ about; for

yank

I n. ['tug'] to give a ~

II v. (colloq.) 1. (d; intr.) ('to tug') to ~ at, on (the small

girl kept ~ing at her mother's apron)

2. (d; tr.) to ~ out of ('to withdraw') (they ~ed their children

out of school)

yap

I n. ['mouth'] (colloq.) to shut one's ~

II v. (colloq.) 1. (D; intr.) to ~ about

2. (d; intr.) to ~ at

yard

I n. ['enclosed area'] a barnyard (esp. AE), farmyard;

brickyard; coalyard; dockyard (BE), shipyard; graveyard;

junkyard (esp. AE), scrapyard (BE); lumberyard (AE), timberyard

(BE); navy (AE); prison; railroad (AE), railway (BE) ~ USAGE

NOTE: In BE, a plot of land adjoining a house is called a garden

if grassy (a back garden, a front garden) or a yard if paved (a

backyard, a front yard). In AE, such a plot is called a yard,

whether grassy or paved; a large, grassy plot can also be called

a garden.

II n. ['unit of measure'] 1. a cubic; square ~

2. by the ~ (to sell carpeting by the square ~)

yardstick

n. ['standard'] to apply a ~ to

yam

n. ['fiber'] 1. to spin ~

2. to unsnarl ~

3. wool(en); worsted ~

4. (misc.) a ball; hank; skein of ~ ['tale, story'] (colloq.)

5. to spin, tell a ~ about

yawn

I n. 1. to stifle, suppress a ~

2. a loud ~

II v. to ~ loudly

year

n. 1. to spend a ~ (somewhere)

2. a bad, lean; banner (AE), good; happy; healthy; memorable;

peak, record; profitable ~ (our firm had a very profitable ~;

their team had a good ~)

3. smb.'s formative; golden ~s

4. every; last; next; this ~

5. the coming; current; past ~

6. an academic, school; calendar; election; fiscal; jubilee;

presidential (US); sabbatical; tax ~

7. a common; leap; light; lunar; sidereal; solar ~

8. by the ~ (to be paid by the ~)

9. by ('before') a ~ (by the ~ 2000, the population in many

countries will double)

10. for a ~ (they went abroad for a ~)

11. for, in (esp. AE) ~s (they have not been here for/ in ~s)

12. in a ~ (they'll be back in a ~)

13. in a (certain) ~ (he died in the ~ of the great flood; in

future ~s; in ~s to come)

14. (misc.) once a ~; ~ in, ~ out; the first time in (esp. AE),

for (BE) a ~; she is five ~s old; light ~s away; for ~s to come;

up to last ~; children of tender ~s; she had three ~s of college

yearn

v. 1. (d; intr.) to ~ for (to ~ for freedom)

2. (E) she ~s to return home

yearning

n. 1. to express; feel a ~ for

2. a strong ~

3. a ~ for

4. a ~ to + int. (she has a ~ to visit the village where she was

born)

yeast

n. brewer's ~

yell

I n. 1. to give, let out a ~

2. a bloodcurdling; rebel ~

II v. 1. (B) she ~ed smt. to them

2. (D; intr.) to ~ with (to ~ with fear)

3. (L; to) he ~ed (to us) that the house was on fire

4. (N; refl.; used with an adjective) he ~ed himself hoarse

yellow

n. bright; pale ~

yellow fever

n. to catch, contract ~

yelp

I n. to give, let out a ~

II v. (D; intr.) to ~ at

yen

n. {'desire'] (colloq.) 1. to have a ~ for

2. a ~ to + int. (she had a ~ to go bowling)

yield

I n. ['earnings'] the current ~ (of an investment)

II v. 1. (B) I ~ed the right-of-way to the other driver

2. (D; intr.) to ~ to (they finally ~ed to our demands; to ~ to

temptation)

yoga

n. to practice ~

yoke

I n. ['wooden frame'] 1. to put a ~ on (oxen) ['servitude,

bondage']

2. to cast off, throw off the ~ (of bondage)

3. a foreign ~

4. under a (foreign)

II v. (D; tr.)to ~ to (to ~ oxen to a cart)

young

I adj. 1. ~ at heart

2. ~ in spirit

II n. ['offspring of an animal'] 1. to bring forth ~ (wild

animals bring forth their ~ in the wilderness)

2. with ~ ('pregnant')

yours

pronoun 1. (at the close of a letter) ~ faithfully, sincerely,

truly

2. (colloq.) ~ truly ('I, myself) USAGE NOTE: At the end of

letters, the following combinations occur--Yours (informal);

Yours ever (BE; friendly); Yours faithfully (esp. BE); Yours

sincerely; Sincerely yours (AE); Yours truly (AE); Very truly

yours (AE). The formulas marked as 'informal' or 'friendly' are

usu. used in letters beginning with Dear George, Dear Sally. The

others are used in letters beginning with Dear Mr. I Mrs. Smith.

youth

n. 1. gilded ~

2. in one's ~

zeal

n. 1. to demonstrate, display, show ~

2. ardent, fervent, great; excessive; religious; righteous ~

3. ~ for (to show ~ for one's work)

4. the ~ to + inf. (does she have enough ~ to finish the

project?)

5. in one's ~ (in her ~ to impress others, she made many

blunders)

zealot

n. a religious ~

zealous

adj. ~ about, in

zebra

n. a herd of ~(s)

zenith

n. 1. to attain, reach a ~

2. at a ~ (at the ~ of their power)

zero

n. 1. absolute ~

2. (misc.)~ gravity; ~ hour; ~ population growth

zero in

v. (d; intr.) ('to concentrate') to ~ on (they all ~ed in on me)

zest

n. 1. to add ~ to

2. a ~ for (a ~ for life)

zigzag

n. to make a ~

zip

I (BE), zipper (AE) n. (AE) 1. to do up (BE), zip up a ~

2. to undo, unzip a ~

3. a ~ gets stuck

II v. (P; intr.) they ~ped past us

zodiac

n. the signs of the ~

zone

I n. 1. to establish, set up a ~

2. a climatic; frigid; temperate; time; torrid ~

3. a buffer; combat; communications; danger; demilitarized;

drop; neutral; no-parking; no-passing; occupation; postal;

safety; school; security; tow away; war ~

4. an erogenous ~ (of the body)

II v. (d; tr.) to ~ as (they ~d the area as residential)

zoning

n. exclusionary ~

zoo

n. at, in a ~ (she works at the ~; wild animals are well cared

for in our ~)

zoom in

v. (d; intr.) to ~ on (the camera ~ed in on the podium)