Подборка английских текстов о Москве
Short history of Moscow
The history of Moscow
Moscow territorial expansion
Moscow is the capital and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural and scientific center in Russia and on the continent. Based on Forbes 2011, Moscow has the largest community of billionaires in the world. Moscow is the most northern megacity on Earth, the second most populous city in Europe, after Istanbul, and the 6th largest city proper in the world. It's also the largest city in Russia. Its population, according to the 2010 Census, is 11,514,330.|
By its territorial expansion on July 1, 2012 southwest into the Moscow Oblast the capital amplified its area 2.5 times, from about 1,000 square kilometers (390 sq mi) up to 2,500 square kilometers (970 sq mi), and won additional population of 230,000 people.
Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia. In the course of its history the city has served as the capital of a progression of states, from the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow and the subsequent Tsardom of Russia to the Soviet Union.
Moscow is the site of the Moscow Kremlin, an ancient fortress that is today the residence of the Russian president and of the executive branch of the Government of Russia. The Kremlin is also one of several World Heritage Sites in the city. Both chambers of the Russian parliament (the State Duma and the Federation Council) also sit in Moscow.
The city is served by an extensive transit network, which includes four international airports, nine railroad terminals, and one of the deepest underground metro systems in the world, the Moscow Metro, second only to Tokyo in terms of passenger numbers. It's recognized as one of the city's landmarks due to the rich and varied architecture of its 185 stations.
Over time, Moscow has acquired a number of epithets, most referring to its size and preeminent status within the nation: The Third Rome (Третий Рим), The Whitestone One (Белокаменная), The First Throne (Первопрестольная), The Forty Forties (Сорок Сороков). In old Russian the word "Сорок" (forty) also meant a church administrative district, which consisted of about forty churches.
Since 2011 the Moscow Government and NGOs have been trying to promote a new city image for tourists. Moscow aimed at demonstrating its openness and friendliness. The demonym for a Moscow resident is Moskvitch, rendered in English as Muscovite, but not to forget, a "Moskvitch" is also the name for a Russian automobile brand of the Soviet era.
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